nanotechnology products are already available and include new semi-conductor
lasers and computer hard disk drives based on giant magneto-resistance.
Novel materials, too, are being marketed, such as sunburn lotions containing
ultraviolet-absorbing nanoparticles, and spectacles with scratch-resistant
nanocoatings. The bio-chip arrays currently being produced are revolutionising
the design and output of gene analysis in the fields of biotechnology
important of all, nanotechnology is the one area of research and development
which is truly multidisciplinary. Through nanotechnology, materials scientists,
mechanical and electronic engineers and medical researchers are now teaming
up with biologists, physicists and chemists. Research at the nanoscale
frontier is unified by the need to share knowledge, tools and techniques,
and expertise on atomic and molecular interactions. Powerful new concepts
and capabilities, such as atomic-scale imaging and manipulation, self-assembly,
and biological structure-function relationships, together with increasingly
powerful computing tools, are rapidly converging from different research
fields to enable nanotechnology to progress and researchers to expand
their expertise into new areas and capabilities.
multi-disciplines' and the resulting synergism may lead to futuristic
novel materials and medical devices which, until now, have been the stuff
of science fiction.