realisation of our ambitious vision must be facilitated by an
increase in public funding. European aeronautics has grown and
prospered with the support of public funds and this support
must continue if we are to achieve our objective of global leadership.
Although it is a preliminary estimate, total funding required
from all public and private sources over the next 20 years could
go beyond 100
justification is clear: research and technologies are needed
to protect the public interest in areas such as safety and the
environment; regulators need the products of science and technology
in order to fix sound, practical rules; a major competitor,
the United States, makes a very important financial contribution
to its domestic aeronautics research and, given the synergies
between civil and military aeronautics research, steady reductions
in defence budgets in Europe over the last decade have been
working against our ambitions.
addition, patterns of funding need to adapt both to changes
in research priorities and to the impact of changes in the industry's
structure. A variety of mechanisms is needed to achieve more
effective research. Some, including the EU's Framework Programme,
already exist while others will need to be created. Article
169(1) of the EU Treaty may be one such
mechanism for creating synergies.
proportion of total public funding for aeronautics research
provided by the EU has increased during the last ten years in
an evolutionary process that has to find an appropriate balance
between EU and national funding.
Article 169 allows for voluntary joint research efforts involving
some, but not all, Member States, with additional funding from
the EU. The Article says: "In implementing the multiannual
framework programme the Community may make provision, in agreement
with the Member States concerned, for participation in research
and development programmes undertaken by several Member States,
including participation in the structures created for the execution
of those programmes."