a crowning achievement for European co-operation
the end of January 2001, participants and journalists from the
Aerodays 2001 conference were invited for a tour of the EADS Airbus
facility in Hamburg, Germany, where final assembly of the Airbus
A321, A319, and now the A318, is carried out. Walking through
the 7.4-acre Otto Lilienthal Hangar, especially built for the
purpose, visitors were awed by some of the world's most advanced
technologies as fuselage sections were joined, wings, engine pylons
and landing gear attached, and interior furnishings installed.
large structural components, completely equipped and tested, are
delivered to the final assembly line via an 'air bridge',"
explained David Voskuhl of the EADS Airbus. "A special fleet
of transport aircraft bring us fuselage sections, wings and so
forth from our partner companies in Spain, France, Italy and Germany.
After assembly, painting and test flights, the aircraft are taken
over by customers."
any doubt, the co-operative approach of French, British, German
and other European aeronautics industries has been proven correct",
said Voskuhl. "Airbus Industrie is one of the largest industrial
ventures in Europe and, after Boeing, the largest aircraft manufacturer
in the world. As of the end of 2000, a total of 2499 Airbus aircraft
had been ordered, with a backlog for the company of 1626 aircraft
representing four years' worth of production."
Airbus continues to follow an international co-operative approach
in the development of new aircraft. Current projects include the
liquid hydrogen-fuelled 'Cryoplane' the SCT (Supersonic Commercial
Transport) aircraft, the MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport) and
a new generation of military transport aircraft. Add to these
the recently launched A380 super wide-body project and the group
and its partners look set to extend their success into the foreseeable
Airport: setting high standards for environmental protection
a large European commercial airport, Flughafen Hamburg GmbH is
an important economic player in the city of Hamburg, and its operation
implies a significant impact on the environment. According to
Michael Kerkloh of Hamburg Airport's Executive Board, "Environmental
protection is an essential part of the airport's strategy."
Greeting visitors to the airport as part of the Aerodays 2001
conference, he added, "We have made important progress, and
in doing so, we've still managed to turn a nice profit. We are
proud of our efforts, and today we're going to show you why."
were then treated to an extensive tour of the 564 hectare site,
highlighting an impressive array of environmental monitoring systems
and protection schemes.
Airport uses highly advanced noise monitoring equipment at 13
fixed and 2 mobile stations. Although air traffic has increased
by 50% since 1982, the sound level has gone down, largely due
to the introduction of quieter aircraft engines. On the ground,
four noise abatement programmes since 1978, in co-operation with
the City of Hamburg, have contributed over 60 million DM towards
helping residents in high-noise areas.
aircraft are among the main contributors to air pollution around
airports, significant emissions are also produced by power stations,
motor vehicle traffic on aprons, and feeder and freight traffic.
In Hamburg, airport and city authorities have worked together
to reduce the amounts of waste gases produced with the help of
an air quality monitoring scheme.
Airport is designed to use energy as sparingly and as effectively
as possible. The heat and power plant produces electricity, heat
and refrigeration in a combined process, providing for half of
the airport's power requirements. The same amount of electricity
purchased from an external source would require a third more energy
Airport handles its own waste disposal and has set waste prevention
as a major priority. The quantity of waste, and in particular
the quantity of non-recyclable waste, has been significantly reduced
through the selection of more environmentally friendly supplies
and materials. Production methods, packaging, durability and reusability
of products are all considered when choosing suppliers.
consumption and pollution
airport boasts a three-pronged water protection programme. First,
consumption of public water has been minimised through increased
use of rainwater and water from industrial sources. Second, the
quantity of wastewater has been reduced and advanced water treatment
and disposal processes have been introduced. The third prong comprises
the careful handling of materials that can threaten water resources,
including aircraft fuel, de-icing agents and disinfectants. Runoff
storage reservoirs are regularly monitored for such substances
and the outflow can be directed accordingly.
Technik: The world leader in aircraft servicing
in the Aerodays 2001 conference were treated to a rare view of
aircraft maintenance operations at the Lufthansa Technik headquarters
near Hamburg Airport. Among the highlights of the visit was a
stroll through massive maintenance hangars with spectacular views
from above, below and inside aircraft in the process of being
overhauled. "Over 6000 people are employed here," said
Lufthansa Technik's Bernd Habbel. "Our engineers and technicians
are especially proud of a number of procedures and technologies
which they have developed themselves in-house."
Technik is the world's leading provider of technical services
for commercial aircraft, offering the entire spectrum of aircraft
MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul) services, including the
complete overhaul of Boeing and Airbus jetliners, and IAE, General
Electric, CFMI and Pratt and Whitney engines. In addition to Lufthansa's
own fleet of more than 300 aircraft, Lufthansa Technik services
the aircraft, engines and components of more than 260 other customers.
overhaul begins with multilevel work platforms several stories
high being brought up to the aircraft," explained Habbel.
"The plane is then disassembled piece by piece and thoroughly
inspected: fuselage, wings and undercarriage, along with pneumatic,
electrical and hydraulic systems. The engines are also removed,
disassembled and meticulously inspected."
Technik's business is distributed among several bases and subsidiaries.
"We are now present all over the world and we employ more
than 220,000 people," said Habbel. "Our strong alliance
with other companies enables us to provide complete servicing
of commercial aircraft of the very highest quality."