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EFDA - The European Fusion Development Agreement
Information last updated on
23 March 2002
The European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) was signed by the Commission on 30 March 1999. This multilateral agreement has become operational for Euratom and the Associates which have signed the Agreement.
The Agreement is part of a long term programme of co-operation covering all the activities in the field of controlled thermonuclear fusion by magnetic confinement in the European Union and in the Swiss Confederation. It incorporates the following three interrelated activities:
Its aim is to provide a framework for implementing research, development & design work relating to the three above activities in preparation for the possible construction of an experimental fusion reactor, as well as for implementing structured technological activities aimed at preparing in the longer term for the demonstration reactor (long-term technology).
Implementing Agreements relating to activities in specific areas covered by EFDA may be concluded separately (in particular, the collective use of the JET facilities). While EFDA has come into force on 1 January 1999, Implementing Agreements may come into force at a later date. The EFDA shall expire on 31 December 2002.