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Q: What is the difference between an employment contract and a stipend? (All Calls)
A: According to the various social security schemes applicable in all Member States, an employment contract shall guarantee a "package" of pension contributions plus social security coverage made of several items, such as sickness and maternity benefits, invalidity benefits, old age benefits, survivor's benefits, benefits in respect of accidents at work and occupational diseases, unemployment benefits, family benefits, etc.
The contractor shall appoint all researchers under an employment contract, except in duly justified cases (such as for short stays, e.g. for Visiting scientists). When an employment contract cannot be provided, the researcher shall be recruited under a status equivalent to a fixed amount fellowship or stipend, provided that it is compatible with the national legislation and that adequate social security is provided (but not necessarily paid from the fellowship). The stipend is a sort of grant that can be proposed as an alternative to the employment contract only with the prior agreement of the REA.
Marie Curie Actions (FP7) ( ITN (Initial Training Networks) ) , FP7 (Seventh Framework Programme) ( Marie Curie Actions , ITN (Initial Training Networks) ) , Researcher Mobility ( ITN (Initial Training Networks) ) , ITN (Initial Training Networks) ( Remuneration of researchers )