Important legal notice
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Transport - More sustainable and secure transport systems
“To enhance and integrate the tools and models used to evaluate European transport policy and its economic, environmental and social sustainability.”

The problem

To be successful, transport policies must be sustainable in terms of their economic, environmental and social effects. Some experts believe that there are significant weaknesses in existing methods used to assess the sustainability of transport policies. In particular, the current tools and methods are incomplete, paying insufficient attention to several issues including regional economic growth, specific local effects and health. The methods are also poorly integrated and tend to address indicators and measures in isolation rather than looking at the overall picture.

REFIT  Assessing the sustainability of transport policies


REFIT will improve and integrate modelling tools and methods used to evaluate European transport policy, focusing on the issues of sustainability in relation to a policy’s economic, environmental and social effects.

The project will:

  • Develop a comprehensive assessment framework that links transport policy objectives and indicators with the tools and knowledge built up by previous European projects
  • Create new evaluation methods for policy targets and indicators that are currently difficult to assess
  • Test and validate methods that address the overall economic, environmental and social impact of transport policies

Contribution to policy development:

  • REFIT will extend and integrate the methods used to evaluate policy impacts.
  • It will create better linkages of policy analysis across economic, environmental and social dimensions.
  • The project will enhance Europe’s ability to evaluate policy targets and indicators that are currently neglected.

Project deliverables

  • Outline of policy priorities, sustainability criteria and targets – April 2006
  • Road map towards better indicators and tools – July 2006
  • A series of assessments of the full range of transport policy issues and impacts – from January 2007 to July 2007
  • The REFIT framework for strategic sustainability assessment for European transport policies – March 2008
  • Final report – June 2008


  • Project website, carrying all results – from January 2006 and remaining active after project completion
  • Active promotion of the use of the project’s tools in policy analysis by all project partners – ongoing beyond end of project
  • Articles in a range of publications and presentations at conferences and workshops – as appropriate

Technical information

Project acronym: REFIT
Project’s official full title: Refinement and test of sustainability indicators and tools with regard to European transport policy
Research priority: The development of tools, indicators and operational parameters for assessing sustainable transport and energy systems performance (economic, environmental and social)
Specific webpage:
Proposal/contract no: 022578
Start date: January 2006
Kick off meeting: 24/04/2006
Completion date: June 2008
European Commission scientific officer: Frederik Rasmussen,

Name: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Abbreviated name: TNO
Address: postbus 6040, 2600 JA Delft
Country: Netherlands
Tel: +31 15 269 7392
Fax: +31 15 269 6050


Name: Trasporti e territorio
Abbreviated name: TRT
Country: Italy 

Name: Transport & Mobiliteit Leuven
Abbreviated name: TML
Country: Belgium

Name: Institutio di Studi per l’Integrazione dei Sistemi
Abbreviated name: ISIS
Country: Italy

Name: Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Abbreviated name: CAU
Country: Germany

Name: Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung
Abbreviated name: USTUTT
Country: Germany