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“Towards more effective use of resources in the fight against crime.”

The problem

In many countries, the approach to assessing the cost of crime and its prevention lacks rigour and is highly subjective. A more rigorous, scientific approach to the collection, collation and analysis of data would help to ensure the most effective use of manpower and financial resources. Where good practice is identified, it needs to be highlighted and encouraged throughout the EU.

MMECC  How to count the cost of crime


The aim of MMECC is to extend awareness of methodologies for estimating the costs of crime.

The project will:

  • Collect and collate methodologies used for estimating the costs of crime
  • Audit the use to which this information is put
  • Establish reference data, learning materials and interactive models

Contribution to policy development:

  • MMECC will improve policy-makers’ access to methodologies for estimating the costs of crime and for applying these to analyses of the cost-benefit and cost effectiveness of criminal justice interventions and practices.
  • It will help to better inform decisions on the balance between national and international responses to such activities.
  • The project will identify good practice in those countries leading the scientific approach and encourage its adoption throughout the EU.

Project deliverables

  • Review of good practice – July 2007
  • Review of cost categories & estimation – October 2007 
  • Implementation review – June 2008
  • Proceedings of policy-makers' forum – September 2008 
  • Proceedings of EU Delegates Symposium – October 2008
  • Review of unresolved issues and future strategy – December 2008 
  • Conference presenting project results – December 2008
  • Project summary and recommendations – December 2008


  • Project website –
  • Significant results to be published in peer-review journals and other media – as necessary
  • Project partners to present results at seminars, workshops and conferences – as required

Technical information

Project acronym: MMECC
Project’s official full title: Mainstreaming Methodology for the Estimation of the Costs of Crime
Research priority: Improved means to anticipate crime trends and causes, and to assess the effectiveness of crime prevention policies; assessment of new challenges related to illicit drug use  
Specific webpage:
Proposal/contract no: 04442
Start date: January 2007
Kick off meeting: January 2007
Completion date: December 2009
European Commission scientific officer: Veronica Beneitez-Pinero,

Coordinator: Roger Bowles
Name: Centre for Criminal Justice Economics and Psychology
Abbreviated name: CCJEP
Address: Wentworth College, The University of York
Heslington, York YO10 5DD
Country: United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 1904 434 883
Fax: +44 (0) 1904 434 881


Name: School of Law, University of Manchester
Abbreviated name: UOM
Country: United Kingdom         

Name: Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada
Abbreviated name: FEDEA
Country: Spain

Name: Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona
Abbreviated name: UPF
Country: Spain

Name: WODC, The Hague
Abbreviated name: WODC
Country: The Netherlands

Name: Home Office Economics & Resource Allocation Unit
Abbreviated name: HO
Country: United Kingdom

Name: Brottsförebyggande rådet, Stockholm
Abbreviated name: BRA
Country: Sweden

Name: Transcrime/Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Milano
Abbreviated name: UCSC
Country: Italy

Name: Matrix Research & Consultancy Ltd
Abbreviated name: Matrix
Country: London

Name: National Institute of Justice, Washington DC
Abbreviated name: NIJ
Country: USA