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What is covered by Nuclear Fission Safety

The objective of this programme is to pursue an overall approach to nuclear safety taking into account all the various aspects, ranging from the utilization of nuclear energy to medical applications. RTD activities will relate to the following five topics :

  • "Exploring new concepts" in order to address the three main concerns : reactor safety, the management and disposal of long-lived radionuclides, and the risk of diversion of fissile materials;
  • "Reactor safety" the aim being to acquire a better understanding of the mechanisms of severe accidents, in order to improve safety measures and prevention;
  • "Radioactive waste management and disposal" the objective of which is to address issues relating to the disposal of long-lived radioactive waste (safety aspects of geological disposal, retrieval of waste, and the safeguarding of spent fuel, etc.) and the decommissioning of nuclear plants in order to close the nuclear fuel cycle;
  • "Radiological impact on man and the environment" in order to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of radiation action (in-utero effects, impact on DNA, etc.) in order to eliminate or at least reduce induced effects on health and establish safety standards for the protection of the public, especially in sectors such as industry, medicine and energy production;
  • "Historical liabilities" given that the situation in Central and Eastern Europe and in the CIS remains a source of concern where nuclear safety is concerned. In view of the historical context and its geographical proximity, the European Union will set up collaboration projects with the Central and Eastern European countries and the CIS, with the emphasis on radiation protection, waste management and site restoration.



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