The special focus article explores the profound and irreversible changes taking place in science and the policy response to these shifts. We also present the views of the ERA Stakeholder Organisations that will play a central role in the future of European science.
As European research enters a new phase, around 500 participants from key research and innovation organisations will gather in Brussels on 22-23 June 2015 to discuss three interconnected topics: Open science, the European Research Area (ERA) and the Innovation Union.
Science is changing. Fast. Modern research is more collaborative and more transparent than in the past, thanks to new tools and research infrastructures.
‘We are seeing enormous changes: research is more open, more reproducible, more global; it is faster, increasingly data driven, more efficient and more citizen-centred than ever before,’ explains Jean-Claude Burgelman, Head of Unit 'Science policy, foresight and data', DG Research and Innovation.
Taking innovative doctoral training to the next level
By the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER)
Universities of technology must widen the scope of doctoral training to meet the changing needs of society
For centuries, the master-apprentice relationship was the dominant way to develop doctoral candidates into fully-fledged researchers who were geared to academic careers. Universities have now broadly accepted that this approach does no longer suffice.
By the European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO)
Europe needs to invest more in innovation ecosystems and to get more from the investments it makes
Last October, EARTO published a key document putting forward recommendations for better innovation policy. The paper provides a complete picture of the role and functioning of Research and Technology Organisations (RTOs), while also highlighting where and how EU innovation policy could be improved.
Science 2.0 demands new thinking in research and education
By the European University Association (EUA)
To tap the potential of science 2.0 we need to equip researchers with new skills and to explore innovative ways to measure scientific outputs
Science 2.0 consists of a variety of activities based on principles of scholarly sharing and collaboration assisted by Web 2.0 technologies. It encompasses, for example, scientists using wikis, blogs and video journals to share ideas, data or findings.
By the League of European Research Universities (LERU)
The need for greater gender balance in science is about more than workplace equality, it needs to be incorporated into how research studies are designed and conducted
We all know about the lack of women in research careers and in academic leadership. Less well known is the fact that sex and gender analysis in the research process itself is something of an underexplored issue. Some of the most striking examples can be found in the area of health research. Women are under-represented in clinical trials and even animal research studies primarily use males.
Nordic countries are investing in defining indicators, producing research, and enhancing decision-makers' knowledge of gender issues
The NordForsk Board has decided to set aside funds in the NordForsk budget and to appoint a Programme Committee for the new Nordic initiative, 'Gender in the Nordic Research and Innovation Area'. This was agreed at a meeting of the Board on 5 March 2015.
How Can We Build an Effective Eco-System for Research-based Innovation in ERA?
By Science Europe
Science is surrounded by growing expectations linked to the innovation potential of scientific discoveries
In Europe, stimulating innovation is widely regarded as the only road to a sustainable recovery. In addition, grand societal challenges such as demographic and climate change need scientific input in order to be addressed.