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► FOREWORD
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Gender Equality: to ensure ERA’s success we need to involve all our talented researchers
This edition of the ERA newsletter focuses on gender in research, a timely topic coming in the wake of the 2014 ERA Progress Report. This report provides an overall picture of progress made on the ERA priorities, including gender equality and gender mainstreaming in research. It underlines that gender issues in research and innovation have gained increased recognition in policy agendas at national, European and international level, as well as within research organisations. However, the pace of change is too slow and there are still many disparities among countries. The persistence of gender bias in careers, of gender imbalance in decision-making roles, and the lack of a gender dimension in research programmes remain.


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► SPECIAL FOCUS
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Special focus: Gender and research
The pace of progress on gender equality in European research is too slow, according to a new report on measures taken to ensure a level playing field for women in science.

Dr Anke Lipinsky's report on Gender Equality Policies in Public Research shows that 18 of the 31 European countries surveyed have introduced targets or quotas to ensure gender balance on committees that make key decisions in research, including on recruitment and awarding grants. In 2008, just eight countries had set targets in this area.

The report is based on a survey of members of the Helsinki Group on Gender in Research and Innovation, an advisory group to the European Commission. It says that while advances have been seen in some areas, the number of countries where universities are encouraged to have gender action plans is very low and there are too few incentives for institutions to address gender inequality.
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► WHAT WORKS?
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Career support and quotas/targets deliver results
There is considerable diversity in the measures taken by European countries to achieve gender equality in research, ranging from legislative measures to human resources policy.

The ERA Progress Report 2014 and its accompanying Facts and Figures document provide an overview of the situation in Member States and some Associated Countries. The report shows that specific national policies on gender equality in public research positions have been adopted in 17 countries.
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► ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT
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Eliminating bias in research funding
Scrutinising data on funding applications and success rates can help to identify gender equality issues and to design solutions.

While a rising proportion of PhD holders are women, this gender balance is not always reflected in decision-making and governing bodies.
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Joint programming icon VOX POPS Views from the field
Is university management and leadership gender-balanced?
By the European University Association (EUA) and CESAER - the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research.
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Viewpoint
By Dr Katrien Maes, Chief Policy Officer, League of European Research Universities (LERU)
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