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► FOREWORD
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The EU as a leader on wider access to research results
Putting the outcomes of research into the public sphere leads to better science and strengthens our knowledge-based economy. This is the topic of our inaugural edition of the European Research Area (ERA) Newsletter.
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► SPECIAL FOCUS
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How can knowledge be more widely shared?

Researchers push the frontiers of knowledge by building on work generated by others. They are, as Isaac Newton put it, ‘standing on the shoulders of giants’.

Central to this is the ability to access the latest academic research papers. That is why, from next year, new publications based on EU-funded research will be freely available to all. As part of a pilot, open access to some of the scientific data resulting from Horizon 2020 will also be opened up.

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Green & Gold
Frequently Asked Questions on open access
► WHAT WORKS?
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Repositories in open access
Not only can open access repositories be an information source for researchers, institutions and businesses, they can even be used to preserve copies of papers and datasets. Repositories, into which copies of research outputs are deposited, have an important role in open access and in keeping data safe. They can be hosted by libraries, research institutions, funding agencies or consortia. For example, all 21 members of the League of Research Universities (LERU) have a repository.
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► ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT
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Are publishers and libraries ready for open access?
The shift to open access means big changes for established academic publishers who see their business model under threat. Rising subscription rates for scientific journals have put a strain on university library budgets and on research institutions.
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Joint programming icon VOX POPS Views from the field
Open access hits ‘tipping point’
Around 50% of scientific papers published in 2011 are now available for free, suggesting open access publishing is here to stay.
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Viewpoint
Increasing impact and cost-efficiency of publications system by Stephan Kuster, Head of Policy Affairs, Science Europe
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