Key Research & Innovation Indicators and Economic Analysis to Support Policy Making
The European Commission develops indicators and analysis to support Research & Innovation (R&I) policy making at three different levels. These are (1) Headline indicators for the highest political level, (2) Innovation Union scoreboard (IUS) indicators for ministers directly responsible for Research and (3) comprehensive set of indicators used for in-depth economic analysis published in The Science, Technology and Competitiveness (STC) Report and other analytical studies especially for expert use. These indicators provide an evidence-based overview of progress towards the realization of the Innovation Union and the European Research Area.
Headline indicators are also referred to as Europe 2020 strategy indicators. Headline indicators monitor R&I especially for European Council (Heads of States and Governments). They are Europe's R&D intensity indicator ("the 3% target" link to Investing in Research – 3% objective, under Areas of Action) and the headline indicator on Innovation currently under development by the High-Level Panel on the Measurement of Innovation.
Innovation Union Scoreboard's indicators monitor the research and innovation performance of Europe for the Competitiveness Council (Ministers in charge of Research, Innovation, Industry and/or Internal Market). This scoreboard is part of the European Commission Innovation Union communication.
In addition to the headline and core indicators a more comprehensive set of indicators has been developed to enable in-depth economic analysis. In this regard the Commission Services produce Science, Technology and Competitiveness Report [STC] on R&D activities in Europe and the other main research intensive economies in the world. This report monitors in particular the progress towards the EU objective of investing 3% of GDP on research and innovation and the progress towards the achievement of an efficient ERA for a competitive European economy.
The STC key figures report 2008/2009 presents an integrated view of science and technology, analysing data on Europe's competitiveness and progress towards the ERA since 2000. The 2008/2009 report provides for the first time an overview of the evolution since 2000 of R&D investment in Europe and of progress on the six axes of the ERA Green Paper.As was the case in previous years, it also presents the latest data on scientific and technological output in Europe. The report provides answers to a number of questions, such as: Has Europe invested more in research since the Lisbon summit in 2000? Is Europe becoming a more attractive place to invest in research? Is Europe progressing towards a European Research Area and making its research system more competitive? Is Europe moving rapidly enough towards a more adaptable and knowledge-intensive economy?
Statistical data are collected and indicators developed on a continuous basis. Some of these indicators are presented in the Statistical Annex to the Report 2008/2009. Much of the statistical data used in the STC Reports is collected by Eurostat. EU Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) statistics are available free of charge from the Eurostat website under the theme "Science and Technology". Comprehensive statistical data are also available from OECD.
Some previous key figures reports
- Key Figures 2007
- Key Figures 2005
- International Science & Technology Specialisation: Where does Europe stand?
In addition, the Directorate General for Research publishes an array of analytical papers. The links to some of the latest key contributions are given below:
- The role of community research in the knowledge-based economy A knowledge-intensive future for Europe
- Europe’s regional research systems: current trends and structures
- Exploring regional structural and S&T specialization: implications for policy
- An analysis of the development of R&D expenditure at regional level in the light of the 3% target
- R&D Policy mix reports
The Directorate General for Research established an Expert Group to promote and contribute to the development of an evidence-based monitoring system at European level on progress towards the European Research Area and a knowledge-based economy. In 2009, the Expert Group delivered a final report and six thematic reports dealing with indicators and data development in relation to public R&D, corporate R&D, international scientific knowledge flows, international technology and industrial spillovers.