| Title: Sprawling cities and transport: from evaluation to recommendations
Contract Type: CSC Contract Number: EVK4-CT-2001-00063 Start Date: 01-01-2002 Duration: 30 months
Problems to be solved
Urban sprawl is a common problem encountered in Europe. It induces high level of car use, increased trip lengths and, usually, congestion on roads giving access to city centres. To limit the damages caused by urban sprawl in terms of congestion, air pollution and energy consumption, numerous European cities are implementing suburban public transport services, such as heavy or light rail. But by improving the accessibility, they create an incentive for a new wave of urban sprawl.
Therefore, in parallel with these new public transport services, accompanying measures have to be elaborated and implemented, in order to prevent, mitigate or control urban sprawl. The proposed project tackles this issue in which land use and transport are closely mixed up. The key aim of the project is to promote sustainable development. In addressing transport, land-use and environment in urban context, SCATTER covers the most important threats to the well being of the majority of European citizens.
Scientific objectives and approach
The first stage of the work is to improve the understanding of the mechanisms of urban sprawl and its effects. WP1has carried out a state-of the-art review of urban sprawl impacts and urban sprawl measurement techniques. WP2 has carried out a systemic analysis of urban sprawl on the basis of interviews of experts and local/regional authorities, in 6 case cities: Brussels, Stuttgart, Bristol, Helsinki, Rennes and Milan. WP3 has carried out a statistical analysis of urban sprawl effects (population and job location, trip demand pattern) in the 6 case cities, using time series data.
The second stage of the project is to carry out a review of measures aiming to wrestle with urban sprawl (WP4). The review will include a bibliographical review and travels to the USA. American cities have been subject to urban sprawl for a longer time that those in Europe and an extensive work already exists there. WP4 will also include a review of the institutional barriers and a critical analysis of innovative ways of cooperation between different institutional players. WP4 will end with selecting the measures to be evaluated in the next stage of the project.
The third stage of the project is the quantitative evaluation of measures aiming to prevent, mitigate or control urban sprawl, as accompanying measures for cities implementing suburban public transport. To do that, simulations will be carried out using integrated land-use/transport models, in a sub-set of 3 case cities (Brussels, Stuttgart, and Helsinki). (WP5). WP6 will carry out the quantitative assessment of measures, using a common evaluation framework specifically designed.
Then, WP7 will provide concrete recommendations to local/regional authorities, on how to design accompanying measures and policies. WP7 will also design an urban sprawl monitoring tool, addressed to concerned European cities. WP7 will also provide each of the 6 case cities with a practical programme of measures. In parallel with the technical workpackages, WP8 will step up a group of end users (cities) and organise 2 workshops to involve them in the research.
The key output will be a document setting up recommendations to European cities facing urban sprawl, about accompanying measures and policies aiming to prevent, mitigate or control urban sprawl, in order to meet the needs of a sustainable urban development. The recommendations will consist of best practices as regards policies, together with an evaluation of their impacts and overall efficiency, possible barriers to implementation (in particular institutional barriers), and possible negative side effects. SCATTER will also design an urban sprawl monitoring tool addressed to local/regional authorities. Finally, SCATTER will apply the research outcomes to elaborate practical programmes of measures for the 6 case cities.
Web site : http://www.casa.ucl.ac.uk/scatter/
Contact email: email@example.com
project details in the CORDIS database
Additional project information:
|1||Guideline/Handbook/Code of Practice
||Recommendations to European cities implementing suburban public transport, about
accompanying measures aimed to prevent, mitigate and control urban sprawl, including
best practices to design accompanying measures, evaluation of their impacts and overall
efficiency, possible barriers to implementation, and possible negative side effects
||Urban Sprawl monitoring tool