| Title: Innovative modelling of museum pollution and conservation thresholds
Contract Type: CSC Contract Number: EVK4-CT-2000-00031 Start Date: 01-12-2000 Duration: 36 months
Problems to be solved
The problem of pollution damage to cultural heritage in museums, galleries and archives is one faced by cultural heritage institutions throughout Europe. Yet, although most institutions are aware of the pollution problem, and are keen to deal with it, they frequently lack the expert knowledge to make informed decisions about what might be the best approach to pollution control for them. Only the largest and most prestigious institutions can be expected to employ conservators or scientists with any knowledge in this area. Many smaller institutions may employ no conservation staff at all. In addition, many architects and designers who work on cultural heritage buildings also lack knowledge of the types of pollution damage that can occur in museums.
This project aims to develop a software tool to assist museums in dealing with the problem of pollutant damage to indoors cultural heritage. The tool will enable museum staff, architects and engineers to make sensible decisions about pollution control for their organisations.
Scientific objectives and approach
The main objectives of this project are:
* to assist museums in the control of damaging gaseous pollutants by the production of a public domain (web-based) software tool that can
* predict indoor pollutant concentrations from outdoor concentrations and building parameters;
* give information on the damage this pollution is likely to cause, and suggest suitable deposition-based control thresholds;
* assess the impact of different pollution control strategies and encourage museums to adopt best practice in preventive conservation; and
* develop materials suitable for use as passive pollution absorbers in museums
The software tool will include a model of pollutant behaviour in museum buildings that will predict indoor concentrations from outdoor concentrations and building parameters. An expert systems-type component will give information on object damage likely to be caused by the predicted pollutant concentration, suggest possible remedial strategies and compare outcomes of different strategies.
Underpinning the software tool is a deposition-based steady state model of pollutant behaviour indoors. This will use deposition velocity data measured in the project for gases such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, formaldehyde and hydrogen sulphide on building fabric and finishes and object materials.
The successful outcome of the project will be improved, more energy-efficient pollution control in museums and galleries throughout Europe, particularly in smaller institutions, which do not possess specialist staff who have detailed knowledge of these issues.
Contact email: Nigel.Blades@ucl.ac.uk
project details in the CORDIS database
Additional project information:
||"Web-based software tool to assist museums on the control of damaging gaseous pollutants,
including information on the types of damage that particular pollutants cause to specific materials"