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| EU’s new approach to the International Scientific and Technological CooperationIncreasing global challenges call for concerted international collaboration. A new publication link 1 outlines the EC’s new approach to international cooperation under FP7, marking a significant departure from FP6. Whilst research in science and technology has often had an international character, actions under FP7 seek to further reinforce this aspect and reap the benefits of increased collaboration and exchange.
The EU is fostering international collaboration under FP7 by creating strategic partnerships with third countries in selected fields and encouraging top individuals from these countries to work with or in Europe. It will also seek to facilitate contacts with those outside Europe to enable improved access to research carried out elsewhere. The choice of research areas also promotes international collaboration; research under the FP7 will focus on addressing problems which are relevant to third countries in particular, or have a global character.
Four programmes have been created to aid implementation: the Cooperation Programme, the Capacities Programme, the People Programme and the Ideas Programme. The Cooperation Programme encourages research cooperation and collaboration on 10 themes, all of which have an international dimension. The Capacities Programme aims to strengthen research capacity both within and outside the EU and of its seven defined activities one is fully dedicated to international cooperation. The People Programme increases the mobility of researchers by supporting EU researchers to work abroad and by attracting talent into the EU from outside. Frontier research is supported by the Ideas Programme in which top scientists are recruited from outside the EU to participate in EU-led teams. These will be carefully coordinated to compliment each other and run simultaneously with other Community policies.