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| FP6-FP7 GEO related projectsEC framework Programmes of the European Commission The Research activities developed at the European Community level through tare focussed on the development and integration of the GEOSS, (including support to the GEO Secretariat).. In relation to the nine societal benefit areas of GEO strong emphasis is put on the need to integrate the European Earth Observation related research activities into the global picture. The development of GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) is also supported through FP7. When implemented, the various GMES services will represent a significant contribution from the EU to the GEOSS.
The first call of proposals intended to fund GEO related activity was issued at the end of 2006. Among all the submitted proposals the following projects have been selected, and are currently finalizing the negotiation phase or they just started.
A second FP7 call for proposal recently closed. Research activities of the new selected projects will be focussed on the development and integration of GEOSS. In relation to the nine societal benefit areas of GEO (natural and human-induced hazards, environment and health, environmental related energy issues, climate change, water management, weather, ecosystem management, sustainable agriculture and desertification and biodiversity), strong emphasis is put on the need to integrate the European Earth Observation related research activities into the global picture. The sub-activity on "assessment tools for sustainable development" will focus on the further development and improvement of indicators, and on exploring new and innovative approaches to support policymaking for sustainable development. Civil society organisations will be invited to make a contribution to the enhancement of indicators by providing new insights and perspectives. Finally, the sub-activity will explore innovative ways to conceive of the linkages between economic, environmental and social systems in the context of the global dimension of sustainable development.
As for the 2007 Work Programme, the Earth Observation sub-activity for 2008 is split into four main sections which are strategic for this activity and comply with GEO requirements, whilst focussing on European fields of interest:
1) Integration of European activities within GEO
European Environment Earth Observation system supporting INSPIRE and compatible with the GEOSS. Validated European system for geo-spatial information in Europe contributing to the implementation of the INSPIRE directive and fully compatible with GEOSS.
2) Cross-cutting research activities relevant to GEO
Monitoring and observing oxygen depletion throughout the different Earth system components. Improved capacity for monitoring and predicting oxygen depletion throughout the Earth system and evaluation of existing and future impacts on ecosytems. Contribution to understanding through the different Earth system components (terrestrial, marine, atmospheric) the fate of O2 as an essential element until now neglected in the observing and monitoring programmes.
3) Earth Observation activities in emerging areas
Developing Earth Observation for the monitoring and prediction of environmental impacts from energy resource extraction, transportation and/or exploitation. Contribution to strategy for future exploitation of energy resources taking into consideration their relative abundance, likely shifts in energy use and the impact of their utilisation on the environment and the ecosystems.
4) Developing capacity building activities in the domain of Earth observation in the new EU countries and in the developing countries
Developing necessary research activities for capacity building relevant to Earth Observation and GEO in the Black Sea basin. Comprehensive review and gap analysis built on existing local, national and regional initiatives to achieve the goals of the GEOSS, using all the available data concerning the shared observation and products in an accessible, comparable and understandable manner. Effective collaboration among different stakeholders to successfully initiate activities to optimise the system. Improved education, training, research and communication.
One project for each of the areas described above has been selected, and the negotiation phase is about to start.
A third call of proposal is intended to be issued by the end of 2008 for projects to be approved in 2009.