Climate change over the next 100 years will exhibit a range of direct and indirect effects on the natural and material environment, including historic buildings. Linking global changes to the response of material surfaces of archaeological and historic structures remains a challenge. NOAH'S ARK FP6 project determined the meteorological parameters and changes most critical to our built heritage. It predicted and described the effects of climate change on Europe's material heritage over the next 100 years, with the aim to develop mitigation and adaptation strategies for the historic buildings, monuments, materials and sites, likely to be most affected by climate change effects and associated impacts.
The results of the project allow the prediction of the effect of climate and pollution on cultural heritage and investigation of future climate scenarios on a European scale. The study offers also guidelines to help limit the effect of climate change on monuments, suggesting methodologies such as the increased frequency of repairs or installation of barriers on buildings to reduce salt deposits.
All the results of this project will also be very useful in the context of future FP7 projects focusing on climate change impacts and risk mitigation.