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Non-nuclear energy

Biomass Projects in FP6

Fission and radiation protection
Fusion
   

Overview

R&D activities receiving support from the European Commission can be divided into short to medium term and medium to long term, and are managed by DG TREN and DG RTD respectively. The following biomass projects are currently ongoing in the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6):

ScopeAcronymInstrument
Medium to long term RENEWIP
 CHRISGASIP
HYVOLUTIONIP
NILEIP
 NOE-BIOENERGYNoE
 BIOASHSTREP
 COPOWERSTREP
 BIOCELLUSSTREP
GREENFUELCELLSSTREP
BIO-PROSTREP
CROPGENSTREP
AERGAS II STREP
BIGPOWERSTREP
BIOCARDSTREP
NETBIOCOFCA
   

Ongoing biomass Projects in FP6


RENEW

Full Title:Renewable Biofuels for Advanced Powertrains
Website:www.renew-fuel.com
Coordinator:F. Seyfried
Volkswagen AG
Germany
Instrument:Integrated Project
EC contribution:10 M€
Starting date:01/01/2004
Duration :48 months

The main objective of the RENEW project is to research and develop second-generation biofuels for use in modern combustion engines. A wide range of pathways will be studied for the production of road fuels from a broad range of biomass, notably lignocellulosic. A further objective is the assessment of the energy chain, the costs and CO2 emissions, by well-to-tank and LCA analysis. The most promising biofuels will be produced on a pilot scale.


CHRISGAS

Full Title:Clean Hydrogen-rich Synthesis Gas
Website:http://www.chrisgas.com/
Coordinator:S. Bengtsson
Vaxjö University
Sweden
Instrument:Integrated Project
EC contribution:9.5 M€
Starting date:01/09/2004
Duration :60 months

The project will develop a process to produce clean hydrogen-rich synthesis gas at a scale of 18 MWth 7000 Nm³/hr of wet gas based on the gasification biomass, followed by upgrading, hot gas cleaning and steam reforming. Conversion of solid biofuel, high-temperature purification and operation with various feedstock will all be demonstrated.


HYVOLUTION

Full Title:Non-thermal production of Pure Hydrogen from Biomass
Website:http://www.biohydrogen.nl/everyone
Coordinator:P. Claassen
University Wageningen
The Netherlands
Instrument:Integrated Project
EC contribution:9.5 M€
Starting date:01/01/2006
Duration :60 months

The novel approach in the project is based on a combined bioprocess employing thermophilic and phototrophic bacteria, to provide the highest hydrogen production efficiency in small-scale, cost effective industries. The process starts with the conversion of biomass to make a suitable feedstock for the bioprocess. The subsequent bioprocess is optimised in terms of yield and rate of hydrogen production through integrating fundamental and technological approaches. Dedicated gas upgrading is developed for efficiency at small-scale production units. Production costs will be reduced by system integration combining mass and energy balances.


NILE

Full Title:New Improvements for Lignocellulosic Ethanol
Website:http://www.nile-bioethanol.org/
Coordinator:F. Monot
IFP
France
Instrument:Integrated Project
EC contribution:7.7 M€
Starting date:01/10/2005
Duration :48 months

The objective is to develop cost effective production of clean bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass via non-thermal pathways. Key issues are decreasing costs of enzymatic hydrolysis, removing limitations in the conversion of fermentable sugars and validating engineered enzyme systems. These technologies will be verified using a unique and fully integrated pilot plant.


NOE-BIOENERGY

Full Title:Overcoming Barriers to Bioenergy
Website:http://www.bioenergynoe.org/
Coordinator:K. Sipilä
VTT
Finland
Instrument:Network of Excellence
EC contribution:8 M€
Starting date:01/01/2004
Duration :60 months

The Network covers the entire field of bio-energy. In close co-operation with industry, it will analyse the barriers in the bio-energy sector, taking into account the whole biomass utilisation chain. Partner activities will be integrated to achieve durable integration beyond the period of Community financial support. Points studied will be the heterogeneous feedstock base, competing uses of biomass, the complex properties of bio-materials, socio-economic factors related to crop production, technical challenges and economic boundary conditions.


BIOASH

Full Title:Ash and Aerosol Related Problems in Biomass Combustion and Cofiring
Website:None
Coordinator:I. Obernberger
Technische Universität Graz
Austria
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2.34 M€
Starting date:01/03/2004
Duration :36 months

The project is investigating the release of ash-forming components from biomass fuels in fixed-bed and pulverised-fuel combustion systems. Thermodynamic data, not currently available, concerning the melting behaviour of Na-, Zn- and Pb-rich ashes will be collected and a new technology will be developed for efficient aerosol precipitation in small-scale biomass combustion units.


COPOWER

Full Title:Synergy Effects of Co-Processing of Biomass with Coal and Non-Toxic Waste for Heat and Power Generation
Website:www.copowerproject.com
Coordinator:I. Gulyurtlu
INETI
Portugal
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2.06 M€
Starting date:01/05/2004
Duration :36 months

The project will identify technical and economic barriers for the utilisation of biomass in Portugal, Italy and Turkey. Fuel-preparation systems, available waste, used fuel blends, and ash behaviour will be evaluated. Levels of pollutants and ashes formed during cofiring will be analysed. The project is addressing the whole chain of fuel supply for cofiring, optimising multi-fuel combustion processes, and environmental behaviour.


BIOCELLUS

Full Title:Biomass Fuel Cell Utility System
Website:http://www.mce-ag.com/biocellus/index.html
Coordinator:J. Karl
Technische Universität München
Germany
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2.5 M€
Starting date:01/07/2004
Duration :36 months

The project will study the performance characteristics of SOFC membranes for different gas compositions and operating conditions. An appropriate gas-cleaning concept will be developed and an innovative stack concept using heat pipes will be demonstrated.


GREENFUELCELLS

Full Title:SOFC Fuel Cell Fuelled by Biomass Gasification Gas
Website:http://www.dk-teknik.dk/cms/site.asp?p=2408
Coordinator:P. Girard
CIRAD
France
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:3 M€
Starting date:01/09/2004
Duration :36 months

The project aims to develop a tar-decomposition and gas-cleaning system for integration into biomass gasifiers enabling them to produce a gas suitable for use in SOFC fuel cells. A basic design for a 1-50 MWth innovative gasifier and gas treatment will be developed, resulting in a gas tar content of below 10 mg tar/Nm³ gas. It is aiming for carbon conversion rates of 99% and higher and a cold gas efficiency of greater than 85%.


BIO-PRO

Full Title:New Burner Technologies for Low Grade Biofuels to Supply Green Energy for Processes in Biorefineries
Website:www.eu-projects.de
Coordinator:R. Berger
Universität Stuttgart
Germany
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2.2 M€
Starting date:1/12/2003
Duration :36 months

The project aims to develop new combustion technologies for bio-residues such as flameless oxidation and continuous air staging. A pilot burner for gaseous and liquid fuels and one for solid fuels will be developed. The burners will be self-adjusting to different fuel qualities.


CROPGEN

Full Title:Renewable Energy from Cops and Agrowastes
Website:www.cropgen.soton.ac.uk/
Coordinator:C. Bank
University of Southampton
UK
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2.1 M€
Starting date:

01/03/2004

Duration :36 months

This project will identify energy crops and agro-wastes best suited to energy production in an integrated farming environment. Storage and pretreatment will be considered. The results will be a European database on bioenergy crops which gives engineers the necessary tools to develop the technology and provide the farming community with evidence of profitable energy production.


AERGAS II

Full Title:Biomass Fluidised Bed Gasification with In-situ Hot Gas Cleaning
Website:None
Coordinator:M. Specht
ZSW
Germany
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:1.8 M€
Starting date:

01/01/2006

Duration :36 months

The project aims to develop a low-cost gasification process with integrated in-situ gas cleaning for the conversion of biomass into a product gas with high hydrogen concentration, high heating value, low CO2-content, no nitrogen and low tar/alkali/sulphur concentration in one process step for subsequent power production.


BIGPOWER

Full Title:Advanced Biomass Gasification for High Efficiency Power
Website:None
Coordinator:E. Kurkela
VTT
Finland
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:1.7 M€
Starting date:

01/10/2005

Duration :36 months

The project aims at developing reliable, cost effective and fuel flexible gasification technologies for high-efficiency small-to-medium scale power production from biomass. Three promising European gasification technologies have been selected to form the basis for the development of the second generation processes: air-blow fixed-bed gasifier for size range 0.5-5 MWe, steam gasification in a dual-fluidised-bed gasifier for 5-50 MWe and air-blown pressurised fluidised-bed gasification technology for 5-100MWe.


BIOCARD

Full Title:Global Process to Improve Cynara Cardunculus Exploitation for Energy Applications
Website:None
Coordinator:A. SANCHEZ BIESMA
Technatom
Spain
Instrument:STREP
EC contribution:2,5 M€
Starting date:

01/09/2005

Duration :39 months

The project aims at demonstrating technical and economical feasibility of a global process for Cynara Cardunculus exploitation for energy applications. This energy crop is suited for the Mediterranean area where problems of water insufficiency exist. A combined process to produce liquid biofuel from seeds and energy from the lignocellulosic part will be studied. Different technologies for biomass energy conversion will be compared.


NETBIOCOF

Full Title:Integrated European Network for Biomass Cofiring
Website:None
Coordinator:G. Schories
TTZ Bremerhaven
Germany
Instrument:Co-ordination Action
EC contribution:1.15 M€
Starting date:

01/08/2005

Duration :24 months

The co-ordination action promotes European co-operation in the area of biomass cofiring in existing and new power plants. It aims at integration and exchange of knowledge in order to promote the uptake of innovative methods and technologies to expand the use of biomass cofiring. Gaps in knowledge, best practices and barriers hampering biomass cofiring will be assessed.

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