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Non-nuclear energy

FP6 Project Status

Fission and radiation protection
Fusion
   

 
May 2006
Issue 5

FP6 Project Status

This section gives basic information on the recently signed contracts under FP6 in the field of renewable energy.

PHOTOVOLTAICS

PERFORMANCE – A Science Base on Photovoltaics Performance for Increased Market Transparency and Customer Confidence

The rapid development of the PV market requires harmonised, high-quality testing and labelling of products, supported by a sound scientific base. This project covers pre-normative aspects of PV technology, from cell to system level. The limitations of current indoor and outdoor calibration and measurement practices will be investigated, and measurement precision will be improved for traditional technologies and for new and emerging PV concepts. The results of the project will be fed directly into standardisation processes at CENELEC and IEC level.

Coordinator: V. Wittwer
Fraunhofer Institut für Solare Energiesysteme, Freiburg, Germany
More info

FLEXCELLENCE – Roll-to-roll Technology for the Production of High-efficiency, Low-cost, Thin-film Silicon PV Modules

The goal of the project is to develop the equipment and processes for cost-effective roll-to-roll production of thin-film modules based on microcrystalline and amorphous silicon. A crucial issue for such a production system is the deposition rate of the microcrystalline layer, and this will be tackled using three approaches: VHF-PECVD, MW-PECVD and hot-wire CVD*. The equipment and processes developed in the project will be tested or transferred in the different pilot production lines of the partners, and a blueprint will be designed for a complete roll-to-roll production line for modules costing less than 0.5 €/Wp.

* VHF = very high frequency, MW = microwave, (PE) CVD = (plasma-enhanced) chemical vapour deposition

Coordinator: C. Ballif
Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
More info

LARCIS – Large-area CIS-based Solar Modules for Highly Productive Manufacturing

The aim of the project is to improve the manufacturing potential of thin-film solar modules based on CIS (copper indium diselenide) technology. The project addresses several aspects of CIS solar cell fabrication, including the molybdenum back contact, the buffer layer, the absorber and the process control. Special emphasis is placed on the development of cadmium-free large-area modules and electro-deposition methods for CIS absorbers. The results of the work will be transferred from the laboratory to the pilot production facilities of the project partners.

Coordinator: M. Powalla
Zentrum für Sonnenenergie und Wasserstoff-Forschung (ZSW), Stuttgart, Germany
More info

FOXY – Development of Solar-grade Silicon Feedstock for Crystalline Wafers and Cells by Purification and Crystallisation

The growth of the PV industry has resulted in an increased demand for silicon feedstock, the price of which has risen significantly. The project will contribute to solving this problem by developing processes of refining, purification and crystallisation for metallurgical solar-grade silicon feedstock and recycled electronic-grade silicon. The refined solar-grade silicon cost target is 15 €/kg, and the electronic quality of the feedstock material will be assessed by fabricating and analysing large-area solar cells.

Coordinator: A. Wærnes
SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway
More info

PV-SEC – The Secretariat of the European Photovoltaic Technology Platform

The PV-SEC action provides secretarial support to the European Photovoltaic Technology Platform. Coordinator: European Photovoltaic Industry Association, Brussels, Belgium
More info

BIOMASS

NETBIOCOF – Integrated European Network for Biomass Co-firing

Co-firing of biomass with coal offers a practical solution for increasing the share of renewables in the energy mix. It is particularly suitable in the New Member States of the EU, where a significant coal combustion infrastructure is already installed and land is available for the growth of energy crops. The aims of the NETBIOCOF Coordination Action are to promote European co-operation on biomass co-firing research, and to encourage the uptake of innovative co-firing technologies in new and existing power plants (with emphasis on the New Member States).

Coordinator: G. Schories
Technologie-Transfer-Zentrum (TTZ), Bremerhaven, Germany

NILE – New Improvements for Lignocellulosic Ethanol

The objective of the NILE integrated project is to develop cost-effective production of clean bioethanol fuel from lignocellulosic biomass, such as agricultural and forestry residues. The project will focus on three priorities:

  • to develop new enzymes to degrade cellulose in plant material to sugar
  • to develop several new strains of yeast to convert all types of sugar in biomass material to ethanol
  • improve process integration in order to reduce energy consumption during processing.

The cost and environmental impact of the technologies developed in the project will be evaluated at the pilot plant of one of the project partners.

Coordinator: F. Monot
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil-Malmaison, France
More info

AERGAS II – Biomass Fluidised Bed Gasification with In-situ Hot Gas Cleaning

The objective of the AERGAS II project is to develop a low-cost gasification process with integrated gas cleaning for subsequent power production. The proposed process uses in situ CO2 capture (AER – absorption enhanced reforming), and results in a product gas with low amounts of tar, alkali and sulphur, a high concentration of hydrogen and a high calorific value. The process should allow the use of problematic feedstock thus leading to an increased market potential for biomass gasification. The process will be investigated using a circulating fluidised bed reactor, and gasification tests with different bed materials and feeds will be carried out in a continuously operated 100 kW pilot plant. The project aims to prove the feasibility of scaling-up the concept at an 8 MWth plant in Guessing, Austria.

Coordinator: M. Specht
Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung, Stuttgart, Germany
More info

BIGPOWER – Advanced Biomass Gasification for High Efficiency Power

The objective of the project is to develop fuel-flexible gasification technologies for second-generation processes, which have the potential for cost-effective electricity production (<0.05 €/kWh by 2015) from a wide range of biomass resources. This project focuses on three promising European gasification technologies: <ul />
  • air-blow fixed-bed gasifier for 0.5-5 MWe
  • steam gasification in a dual fluidised bed gasifier for 5-50 MWe
  • air-blown pressurised fluidised-bed gasification technology for 5-100MWe.

The performance and the technical and economic feasibility of the advanced gasification-to-power concepts will be assessed for different European regions.

Coordinator: E. Kurkela
VTT, Espoo, Finland
More info

HYVOLUTION – Non-thermal Production of Pure Hydrogen from Biomass

The HYVOLUTION Integrated Project is centred on the exploitation of bacteria that freely and efficiently produce pure hydrogen as a byproduct during growth on biomass. The main scientific objective is the development of a two-stage bioprocess involving the thermophilic fermentation of feedstock followed by photo-heterotrophic fermentation. On the technical side, the objective is to construct prototype equipment for each stage of the process. The results of the project will be used to design a blueprint for the industrial bioprocessing of biomass for decentralised hydrogen production.

Coordinator: P. Claassen
University of Wageningen, The Netherlands
More info

BIOCARD – Global Process to Improve Cynara Cardunculus Exploitation for Energy Applications

This project will investigate the potential of the Cynara Cardunculus crop for solid and liquid biofuel production. Compared with other biomass crops, Cynara Cardunculus produces high-value by-products, and is particularly suited for growing in Mediterranean regions. The innovative aspects of the project include investigating the relationship between crop nutrition and biofuel impurity levels, developing new machinery for seed separation, and investigating biofuel production via traditional catalytic and new heterogeneous catalytic processes.

Coordinator: A. Sanchez Biesma
Tecnatom, San Sebastian de los Reyes, Spain

GEOTHERMAL

I-GET – Integrated Geophysical Exploration Technologies for deep fractured geothermal systems

The project aims to improve the detection of geothermal reservoirs, in particular, the detection of fractures and high-permeability zones. An innovative strategy will be developed that integrates currently available knowledge – from rock physics to magnetotelluric data analysis – and makes full use of seismic and electromagnetic exploration methods. The approaches developed in the project will be employed and evaluated in four European sites with different geological and thermodynamic characteristics (Travale, Hengill, Groß Schönebeck and Skierniewice). The work will be supported by the development of models to interpret data at both local (individual wells) and regional (whole geothermal systems) scales.

Coordinator: E. Huenges
Geo Forschungs Zentrum, Potsdam, Germany

ENGINE – Enhanced Geothermal Innovative Network for Europe

The main objective of this project is to coordinate the present research and development work for unconventional geothermal resources and enhanced geothermal systems, from resource investigation and assessment stage through to exploitation monitoring. At the end of the project, a European reference manual for the development of unconventional geothermal resources will be produced, including the publications, information, database and models compiled during the project lifetime.

Coordinator: P. Ledru
Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, Orléans, France
More info 
Technology Focus

CONCENTRATED SOLAR THERMAL

SOLHYCO – Solar-Hybrid Power and Cogeneration Plants

The objective of this project is to develop a solar-hybrid micro-turbine system for power and heat generation. A commercial 100kWe micro-turbine will be modified for operation with varying contributions of solar power and combustion fuel, incorporating an innovative tube receiver. The combustion system will be designed for multi-fuel operation, including biofuels. The micro-turbine will be installed at the solar tower test site at Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Spain, and its operation in fuel and solar-hybrid mode will be evaluated.

Coordinator: P. Heller
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Köln, Germany

SOLHYCARB – Hydrogen from Solar Thermal Energy: High-temperature Solar Chemical Reactor for Co-production of Hydrogen and Carbon Black from Natural Gas Cracking

The project will explore an unconventional route for hydrogen production based on the thermal decomposition of natural gas in a high-temperature solar chemical reactor. This process results in two products, a hydrogen-rich gas and a fine powder known as carbon black. The advantage of the process is that carbon can be sequestered prior to fuel usage. In the project, novel solar reactor prototypes will be designed, constructed and tested on a small-scale (1 to 10 kW), and both direct and indirect heating designs will be evaluated. Based on this work, a pilot-scale reactor (50 kW) will be developed, leading to a conceptual design for a full-scale reactor.

Coordinator: G. Flamant
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France

HYDROSOL II – Solar Hydrogen via Water Splitting in Advanced Monolithic Reactors for Future Solar Power Plants

The aim of this project is to develop a solar chemical reactor for producing hydrogen via the dissociation of water (water splitting). The reactor is based on innovative ceramic honeycombs incorporating active metal oxide redox pair systems. The honeycomb structures are capable of supporting high temperatures. In the project, a complete pilot unit (100 kWth) will be built, and then coupled to a solar heliostat field and a solar tower for continuous hydrogen production. A detailed technical and economic evaluation of the entire process and its integration in future solar power plants will be carried out.

Coordinator: A. Konstandopoulos
Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece

WIND

UPWIND – Integrated Wind Turbine Design

The UPWIND Integrated Project aims to develop the technology for very large wind turbines (8 to 10 MW) for future wind farms of several hundred megawatts. The project will address a broad range of technological challenges, including the aerodynamics, aeroelasticity, structural and material aspects of rotor design; a critical analysis of the drive-train components; support structures for offshore applications, and pre-normative research.

Coordinator: P. Jensen
RISØ National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark
More info

POW'WOW – Prediction of Waves, Wakes and Offshore Wind

In the POW'WOW Coordination Action, a virtual laboratory consisting of data sets from offshore wind farms will be set-up for the evaluation of state-of-the-art wake models. The project will also coordinate the ongoing modelling work in the wind and wave energy communities. The project aims at improving the assessment and prediction of offshore wind power resources, wake effects in wind farms, and short-term wind and wave power output.

Coordinator: G. Giebel
RISØ National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark
More info

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