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Non-nuclear energy

FP6 Projects Status

Fission and radiation protection

February 2005
Issue 3

FP6 Projects Status

This section gives basic information on the recently signed contracts under FP6 in the field of renewable energy.

Clean hydrogen rich synthesis gas – CHRISGAS

CHRISGAS is an integrated project that aims to demonstrate, within a five-year period, the production of a clean hydrogen rich synthesis gas from biomass. This will be based on steam/oxygen blown gasification of biomass, followed by hot gas cleaning to remove particulates, and steam reforming of tar and light hydrocarbons to further enhance the hydrogen yield. To achieve this objective, the existing biomass gasification plant at Värnamo, Sweden, will be partly rebuilt. It is expected that the plant will become a European research centre for training and technical know-how in the area of gasification. The plant will be a research platform for customer RTD work on technical issues, including gas cleaning, liquid fuels, hydrogen and fuel cells. The quantitative targets for the project are to achieve a synthesis gas generation capacity of 3 500 Nm3/h of wet gas, and a total accumulated operating time of 2 000 hours.

European collaboration for identification of photovoltaic research and market opportunities, socio-economic studies, performance assessment and dissemination of PV-thermal technology – PV CATAPULT

PV-CATAPULT is a Coordinated Action consisting of ten diverse work packages, centred on a common goal of accelerating the development of photovoltaic technology (including hybrid solar) towards market deployment. The work in PV-CATAPULT includes studying the potential of PV in the emerging electricity markets of developing countries, engaging the construction industry on applications of PV in buildings (BIPV), producing a roadmap for the penetration of hybrid solar (PV and thermal), and comparing the measurement performance of different solar testing laboratories. Round-robin testing will lead to the publication of best-practice guidelines on measurement procedures and a better understanding of solar simulator performance. The project will organise meetings to discuss market development and will produce status reports on socio-economic issues.

  • More information
    Coordinator: H. de Moor, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), The Netherlands

New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability – NEEDS

The objective of the NEEDS Integrated Project is to evaluate the full costs and benefits of energy policies and of future energy systems. The project will evaluate the internal and external energy costs at both national level and for the enlarged EU as a whole. The work will focus on three areas:

  • life-cycle assessment (LCA) of energy technologies – identifying the cost of each energy technology during the entire lifetime, i.e. from coal extraction to burning, from photovoltaic cell fabrication to 20-year plant operation. Costs include societal and environmental damage (accidental deaths in a coal mine, emissions of pollutants, impacts on health, etc.)
  • determination of damage costs of energy production, transport and conversion – external costs will be quantified, typically in €/kWh of electricity or €/tonne of pollutants.
  • integration of LCAs and financial costs into policy formation and scenario building – results will be used to study, for example, possible energy taxes or subsidies, with a view to policy development.

  • More information
    Coordinator: A. Ricci, ISIS, Italy

Molecular Orientation, low bandgap and New Hybrid Device Concepts for the Improvement of Flexible Organic Solar Cells – MOLYCELL

The goal of the MOLYCELL is to improve the lifetime and efficiency of organic solar cells. The MOLYCELL project will focus on the development of two types of photovoltaic devices: all-organic solar cells and nanocrystal/organic hybrid solar cells. The consortium will bring together experts from the polymer, and dye-sensitised solar cell communities, with expertise in the design and synthesis of organic polymers, low temperature fabrication, and roll-to-roll manufacturing of materials. The cost-target is to reduce future production costs to below 1€/Wp.

  • More information
    Coordinator: C. Sentein, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique, France

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