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Non-nuclear energy

FP6 Projects Status

Fission and radiation protection

July 2004 - Issue 2

FP6 Projects Status

This section gives basic information on the recently signed contracts under FP6 in the field of renewable energy.

Overcoming barries to bioenergy – NOE-BIOENERGY
The Bioenergy Network of Excellence (NoE) will support, through technology development and implementation, policy actions and market strategies. It covers all processes, components and methods necessary for establishing successful "bioenergy chains" to produce heat, electricity and biofuels for the end-use energy market: plantation and harvesting of biomass; solid fuels from agricultural and forestry residues and organic waste components; combustion, gasification and synthesis, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation of biomass feed stock; production of liquid biofuels and hydrogen; heat and power production plants; analyses of socio-economic, policy, market and environmental issues, including greenhouse gas balances.
Coordinator: K. Sippila, VTT, Finland

Renewable fuels for advanced powertrains – RENEW
The RENEW integrated project aims to develop, compare and (partially) demonstrate a range of fuel production chains for motor vehicles. Ligno-cellulosic biomass sources will be used as feedstock to produce synthesis gas from which various vehicle fuels can be derived: CH4, H2, methanol/DME, ethanol (thermo-chemical and enzymatic pathway), and a novel biomass-to-liquid (BTL) fuel. The project will develop and evaluate the respective processing technologies with a view to producing cost effective premium fuels for current and future combustion engines.

Coordinator: F. Seyfried, Volkswagen AG, Germany

Ash and aerosol related problems in biomass combustion and co-firing – BIOASH
BIOASH focuses on RTD concerning ash-related problems in biomass combustion and co-firing of biomass in coal fired plants. The main objectives are to investigate the release of ash forming compounds from biomass fuels in fixed-bed and pulverised fuel combustion systems, to investigate the influence of particulate emissions from biomass combustion and co-firing plants on the regional air quality. Coordinator: I. Obernberger, TU Graz, Austria New burner technologies for low grade biofuels to supply clean energy for processes in biorefineries – BIO-PRO BIO-PRO will take advantage of new clean combustion techniques, such as flameless oxidation (FLOX®) and continuous air staging (COSTAIR), to reduce NOx-emissions by 50% and reduce CO emissions to < 30 mg/m3. Two basic types of BIO-PRO burners will be developed to meet the project's goals: a) to burn gases as well as liquids; b) to burn gaseous/liquid fuels in combination with solid fuels applying a pre-gasification step for the solids without cooling.
Coordinator: R. Berger, University of Stuttgart, Germany

Renewable energy from crops and agrowastes – CROPGEN
CROPGEN aims to produce from biomass a sustainable fuel source that can be integrated into the existing energy infrastructure in the medium-term and, in the longer-term, will also provide a safe and economical means of supplying the needs of a developing hydrogen fuel economy. The research will identify energy crops and agro-wastes best fitted to this purpose, consider energy losses in production and processing, and use these to set net energy production targets as a technological goal. Coordinator: CJ. Banks, University of Southampton, UK

Synergy effects of co-processing of biomass with coal and non-toxic wastes for heat and power generation – COPOWER
COPOWER aims at determining the limits of the optimized operation that could be beneficial in getting rid of waste, promoting biomass for energy, and is environmentally acceptable. The expected output of the proposed work could be that biomass and wastes are to be used in co-firing applications, thus enhancing the prospect for a wide range of availability of the co-fuel.
Coordinator: I. Gulyürtlu, INETI, Portugal

European geothermal project for the construction of a scientific pilot plant based on an Enhanced Geothermal System – EGS PILOT PLANT EGS
Pilot Plant aims to install and operate a 1.5 MWe geothermal power plant, enabling the deep reservoir/heat exchanger created during the period 2001-2003 to be operated, evaluated and improved (if required) under realistic conditions. Both its thermal and hydraulic behaviour will be characterised over the short-, medium- and long-term in conjunction with teams from other EGS sites. A general methodology of evaluating and developing EGS systems will be elaborated.
Coordinator: A. Gerard, EMC EEIG, France

Crystalline silicon PV: Low-cost, highly efficient and reliable modules – CRYSTAL CLEAR
The main objective of the CRYSTAL CLEAR Integrated Project is to research, develop and integrate crystalline silicon (cSi) technologies that allow PV modules to be produced at a module costs of €1/Wp in the ‘next generation’ plants while improving their environmental profile by 20%.
Coordinator: W. Sinke, ECN, The Netherlands

A new PV wave making more efficient use of the solar spectrum – FULLSPECTRUM
The FULLSPECTRUM Integrated Project aims at further developing concepts that are already scientifically proven but not yet developed, and by trying to prove new ones in search of a breakthrough for PV technology, notably the development of: a) III-V multijunction cells towards 40% efficiency, b) solar thermo-photovoltaic converters, c) intermediate band materials and cells, d) molecular-based concepts for full PV utilisation of the solar spectrum, and e) manufacturing technologies for novel concepts.
Coordinator: A. Luque,Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

High concentration PV power system – HICON-PV
HICON-PV aims to develop, set up and test a new cost-effective high concentration PV system with a concentration of 1 000. The cost goal for the proposed type of system is €1/Wp until 2015. The most challenging task will be the development of a high-efficiency 2 kWp Ill-V-receiver with a module area of about 100 cm2.
Coordinator: P. Valera, Solucar, Spain

Energy storage for direct steam solar power plants – DISTOR
DISTOR aims to develop a new cost-effective storage component to be integrated in direct steam generation (DSG) solar power plants, effecting further solar electricity cost reduction. Direct steam generation in the absorber pipes of parabolic trough solar collectors seems to be the most promising option to reduce the cost of parabolic trough solar power plants. Coordinator: R. Tamme, DLR, Germany

European concentrated solar thermal road-mapping – ECOSTAR
ECOSTAR aims to identify the innovation potential with the highest impact on cost reduction for concentrating solar power so as to focus European research activities and the institutional research programmes of the partners involved on common goals and priorities, and to broaden the basis of industrial and research excellence.
Coordinator: R. Pitz-Paals, DLR, Germany

Solar steam reforming of methane-rich gas for synthesis gas production – SOLREF
SOLREF aims to push solar gas reforming forward to the verge of industrialisation. Three main subjects that are crucial to the success of this technology will be studied: a durable and stable catalytic system complying with the specific conditions imposed by the solar application, bringing the solar reformer design to industrial compatibility, and establishing safe operation procedures.
Coordinator: S. Möller, DLR, Germany

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