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Non-nuclear energy

Radiation protection

Fission and radiation protection
Fusion
   

Here is a list of ongoing research projects in this activity area.

Projects are grouped according to whether they started in the Seventh (2007–11) or the Sixth (2002–06) Euratom Framework Programme (Euratom FP7 or FP6). Expected completion dates are shown in parentheses.

Euratom FP7

Quantification of risks for low and protracted exposures

Epidemiology

  • CHILD-MED-RAD: Prospective cohort studies of children with substantial medical diagnostic exposure. The aim of this support action is to assess the feasibility of establishing and following up, for the purposes of epidemiological studies, a transnational cohort of children exposed to significant levels of radiation during medical diagnosis. The cohort would be prospective (i.e. comprising children to be exposed in the future), thereby allowing more accurate estimates of dose to be made.

Radiobiology

  • CARDIORISK: The mechanisms of cardiovascular risks after low radiation doses (31 January 2011). The aim of this collaborative research project is to better understand the mechanisms that lead to circulatory disease (i.e. heart disease and strokes) following exposure to low and/or protracted doses of radiation.
    Project factsheet

Medical uses of radiation

  • Breast CT: Dedicated CT of the female breast: feasibility, optimisation and comparison to competing imaging modalities (30 June 2010)

    Early and accurate diagnosis of breast cancer in women is a pending challenge. Dedicated X-ray computed tomography (CT) of the female breast without exposing the body trunk appears to be a further candidate with improved diagnostic capabilities, but radiation protection issues remain to be solved. As such, this project focuses on developing a dedicated scanner using novel technology and optimisation strategies.
    Project fact sheet
  • MADEIRA: Minimising activity and dose with enhanced image quality by radiopharmaceutical administrations (31 December 2010). MADEIRA aims to significantly improve 3D nuclear medical imaging technologies. Achievements will be made in terms of the reduction of radiation exposure and an increase of spatial and temporal resolution. Consequently, the applied techniques will offer better and more detailed images for diagnosis obtained with less exposure to radioactive material and thus reduce the applied radiation dose to the healthy tissue.
    Project factsheet
  • ORAMED: Optimisation of radiation protection of medical staff (31 January 2011). The ORAMED project focuses on improving standards of protection for medical staff from procedures resulting in potentially high exposures and developing methodologies for better assessing and reducing extremity and eye lens doses to medical staff in interventional radiology. Similar improvements are foreseen for application in nuclear medicine therapy.
    Project factsheet
  • SEDENTEXCT: Safety and efficacy of a new and emerging dental X-ray modality (30 June 2011). The aim of this project is to acquire the key information necessary for sound and scientifically based clinical use of dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT); to use such information to develop guidelines on justification, optimisation, and referral criteria; and to conduct dissemination and training for users of CBCT.
    Project factsheet

Euratom FP6

Quantification of risks associated with low and protracted exposures

Epidemiology

  • ALPHA-RISK: Quantification of cancer and non-cancer risks associated with multiple chronic radiation exposures: epidemiological studies, organ dose calculation and risk assessment (30 June 2009). The goal of ALHPA-RISK is to estimate the risk of internal exposure to alpha radiation, in particular looking at cohorts exposed to indoor radon, uranium miners and workers in the nuclear industry exposed to uranium and plutonium.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • GENE-RAD-RISK: Radiation exposures at an early age: impact of genotype on breast cancer risk (30 October 2009). GENE-RAD-RISK aims to examine the joint roles of low-dose radiation exposure and genetic susceptibility in the aetiology of breast cancer in young women.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • RACE: Radiotherapy for breast cancer and subsequent risk of cardiovascular events (31 October 2009). The RACE project is studying the risk of circulatory disease (i.e. heart disease and strokes) developing in women with breast cancer who were treated with radiotherapy.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • SOUL: Southern Urals radiation risk research (31 July 2009). The aim of the SOUL project is to better quantify the risks of late health effects resulting from exposure of the workforce and surrounding population as a result of operations at, and discharges from, nuclear installations at the Mayak Production Association in the Southern Urals.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet

Radiobiology

  • ERA-PRO: Promotion of the European Radiobiological Archives, ERA (31 March 2009). ERA-PRO is working to establish a comprehensive and sustainable database of the outcomes of past (radiobiological) animal experiments in Europe, to link this with comparable databases in the USA and Japan, and to make the database accessible to the research community as a tool for future research.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • GENEPI-ENTB 2: Genetic pathways for the prediction of the effects of ionising radiation – the European Normal and Tumour Tissue Bank II (31 August 2009). GENEPI-ENTB 2 will further improve and increase the number of tissue samples in the GENEPI tissue bank/database. This tissue bank will be an invaluable resource for investigating how genetic make-up affects sensitivity to exposure to both low and high doses (i.e. exposures typically encountered in the workplace and the environment and in radiotherapy, respectively).
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • GENEPI-lowRT: Genetic Pathways for the prediction of the effects of ionising radiation: low dose radio-sensitivity and risk to normal tissue after radiotherapy (28 February 2010). The aim of the GENEPI-lowRT project is to better understand how genetic make-up influences individual sensitivity to radiation exposure at low doses.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • GENRISK-T: Defining the genetic component of thyroid cancer risk at low doses (28 February 2010). The aim of GENRISK-T is to better understand how genetic make-up influences the risk of developing thyroid cancer following radiation exposure.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • NOTE: Non-targeted effects of ionising radiation (31 August 2010). The NOTE project is working to better understand the ‘non-targeted effects’ of radiation (i.e. effects which arise even though the DNA has not been traversed or damaged by the radiation). Better understanding these effects may enable the development of a new paradigm in radiation biology.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • RISC-RAD: DNA damage responses, genomic instability and radiation-induced cancer: the problem of risk at low and protracted doses (31 October 2008). RISC-RAD is aiming at better understanding and quantification of the risks from exposure to low and/or protracted doses of radiation. It is seeking to integrate research on more fundamental biological mechanisms with modelling studies in order to better quantify risk, including how this varies between individuals depending on their genetic make-up.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet

Protection of the environment and radioecology

  • FUTURAE: A future for radioecology in Europe (30 September 2008). The FUTURAE project, a coordination action, aims to evaluate the state of the art of research in radioecology in Europe and conduct a study on the feasibility of the potential for establishing sustainable collaboration in radioecology, possibly in the form of a European network of excellence.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • PROTECT: Protection of the environment from ionising radiation in a regulatory context (30 September 2008). This coordination action will evaluate the different approaches to the protection of the environment from ionising radiation and compare them with the approaches adopted for non-radioactive contaminants.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet

Risk and emergency management

  • EURANOS: European approach to nuclear and radiological emergency management and rehabilitation strategies (31 March 2009). The integrated project EURANOS, through the commitment of 50 partners (operational emergency management organisations, stakeholder groups and competent research institutes) of many European countries, is building a fully interactive framework for initiating and promoting practical improvements of emergency management and rehabilitation strategies in Europe.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet
  • TMT Handbook: Triage, monitoring, and treatment of the public after a malevolent use of radiation – handbook (31 August 2009). The main objective of this project is to produce a practical handbook for effective and timely triage, monitoring and treatment of people exposed to radiation following a terrorist act.
    Project presentation
    Project factsheet

This is the image of a CT probably taken from one of the medical projects!

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