Legal pillars and Agreements
The international cooperation of Euratom, whose main goal is to proactively approach strategic partners on the basis of excellence and reciprocity, is based on the following legal pillars:
- The Euratom Treaty encourages international cooperation, (Chapter 10 "External relations", art. 101-106).
- The International cooperation is an inherent part of the Euratom FP for nuclear research and training activities is adopted by several Council decisions (the last one the Seventh Euratom Framework Programme (2007-2011)).
- The Specific programme to be carried by indirect actions of Euratom research with its two thematic areas "Fusion energy research" and "Nuclear fission and radiation protection" is further up-dated each year by means of Euratom Work Programmes. International co-operation is one of the directions of the WP.
- The wide network of bilateral cooperation agreements between Euratom and several Third States (see table below).
|Third States||FUSION agreements on fusion energy research||FISSION agreements on fusion energy research|
|In force||In force||Remarks|
|Brazil||Signed in November 2009|
|Canada||1995 - expired in 2005||1959
|China||under negotiation||2008||R&D in peaceful uses|
|India||Signed in November 2009|
|Switzerland||1979 + amended in 1982|
|U.S. / DoE||2001||1996
|U.S. / NRC||1999||Nuclear safety