The Broader Approach
The Broader Approach is an agreement between Euratom and Japan covering research and technology activities supporting the ITER project and an early realisation of fusion energy for peaceful purposes. The agreement was signed in Tokyo on 5 February 2007 and entered into force on 1 June 2007.
The Broader Approach covers three large research projects that are to be jointly implemented by Euratom and Japan. Other members of the ITER consortium may, following the agreement of Euratom and Japan, participate in the projects.
The three projects support the operation of ITER and the preparation for a future demonstration of a fusion power plant. They are aimed at securing an early realisation of fusion energy as a clean and sustainable energy source.
The three projects are:
- IFMIF/EVEDA the engineering validation and engineering design of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF). IFMIF will use a particle accelerator to produce a large neutron flux which will subject candidate materials to similar conditions expected to be experienced by the inner wall of a full-scale fusion reactor.
- The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) which will house a DEMO Design and R&D Coordination Centre, a major computational Simulation Centre, and a remote experimentation Centre for use with ITER.
- The Satellite Tokamak Programme, which involves the upgrade of the Japanese JT-60 tokamak with advanced superconducting magnets.
All three projects are based in Japan. The main Euratom contributions to the projects will be in-kind resources provided by Member States of Euratom or Associated States. The resources might include equipment or staff seconded to the project teams. At the present time the Voluntary Contributors are - Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Switzerland.
The Broader Approach Steering Committee with representatives from Euratom and Japan is responsible for the overall direction and supervision of the implementation of the BA activities. The Steering Committee is assisted by a joint EU-JA secretariat (contact for EU is e-mail: email@example.com)
The European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy (Fusion for Energy or F4E) is responsible for implementing the Broader Approach activities.
More information can be obtained on the web-site http://www.ba-sc.org/ (under construction).