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International Cooperation

United States of America

The EU and the USA established diplomatic relations as early as 1953, but it was only in November 1990 that the cooperation was formalised for the first time with the Transatlantic Declaration. The ambitious agenda of cooperation between the EU and the USA is being advanced through constant, intense dialogue. There is active cooperation across a host of sectors, for example in energy and energy security, environment, science & technology, education & training etc.

Research cooperation between the EU and the USA is based on the 'Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the United States of America' which was signed in 1997. This agreement explicitly covers cooperative activities in the area of non-nuclear energy. It was complemented by the 'Implementing arrangement covering scientific cooperation in the field of non-nuclear energy' signed in 2001 between the European Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy. It specifies that both parties will cooperate on fossil energies, climate change, new energy sources (e.g. hydrogen, renewables), and energy efficiency. It was amended in 2003 with provisions on cooperation in the area of fuel cells where both sides agreed to establish a framework for collaboration in the field of fuel cell technology, in transportation and stationary applications.

Bilateral cooperation

In the 'Joint declaration on Energy Security, Energy Efficiency, Renewables and Economic Development' issued at the EU-US summit in 2005, both parties committed themselves to join forces to take the lead in the promotion and implementation of RTD policies developing lower-emission technologies, improving energy efficiency and promoting renewables in globally acting organisations. In particular, the EU and the US should jointly take the lead in supporting developing countries in using clean (near zero emission) coal technologies, improving energy efficiency and the energy production from renewables.

On the occasion of the EU-US summit in Vienna in 2006 a Joint declaration was adopted to further strengthen EU-US strategic partnership. Promoting strategic cooperation on energy and energy security, climate change and sustainable development was defined as one of four priority actions. Particular attention would be given to making 'more and better use of renewable energy sources and reinforce technological cooperation and partnerships, notably on environmentally-friendly low emission power generation technologies, hydrogen energy, carbon sequestration, cutting gas flaring and biofuels'. A strategic review of EU-US energy cooperation will be conducted annually to monitor and guide this process.

At the 2007 EU-US summit a 'Joint Statement on Energy Security and Climate change' was adopted. It stresses the importance of advancing energy efficiency, near-zero emissions coal and renewables, including biofuels. The EU and the US will 'act together in true partnership to advance our shared climate, sustainable development, and energy security goals, using a mix of nationally, regionally or internationally defined policy tools to research, develop, deploy and commercialize clean energy technologies'.

The 2008 EU-US summit declaration agreed to further intensify the science and technology cooperation in energy and climate change and noted the need for all countries, including major economies to take responsibility for addressing the interconnected challenges of climate change, energy security and energy efficiency.

The Joint Consultative Group, which meets on a regular basis to monitor the implementation of the Science and Technology cooperation agreement, adopted in February 2007 a Roadmap for strengthening future cooperation which was further updated in January 2008.

Following the EU-US Joint Roadmap on S&T cooperation, extensive exchanges between the EU and the US took place in 2008, which put in motion an ambitious joint action plan for energy research, incorporating measures in the areas of Bioenergy, Carbon Capture and Storage, Solar energy and Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. Suggested measures which form part of the new joint action plan include an enhanced exchange of information, scientists, managers and reviewers as well as joint workshops on specific agreed subjects, furthermore the potential for future joint research projects is also considered.

Multilateral cooperation

The EU and the USA work together in the following multilateral initiatives:

  • International Energy Agency: The USA is a founding member of the IEA. The Agency acts as energy policy advisor to 28 Member countries in their effort to ensure reliable. affordable and clean energy for their citizens.
  • Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum: The USA is a founding member of the Forum since its creation in June 2003. The objective of the CSLF is:
    • to streamline co-operation aiming at developing improved cost-effective technologies for separating carbon dioxide from flue stream gases.
    • to store carbon dioxide safely for the long term. and
    • to make these technologies broadly applicable internationally for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.

    The CSLF is currently comprised of 22 members (21 countries plus the European Commission).

  • International Partnership in the Hydrogen Economy: The USA is an inaugural member of the Partnership since its establishment in November 2003. IPHE's objective is to reduce the global dependence on oil by supporting the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells technologies, both for transportation systems and stationary applications. Currently the IPHE consists of 17 members (16 countries plus the European Commission).

Research projects

Under the Energy Theme of the current research funding programme (FP7, 2007-2013) so far one project including one participant from the USA receives funding.

For more information please click on the project acronym

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
All-inorganic nano-rod based thin-film solarcells on glass
4.1 2.7 California Institute of Technology


Between 2002 and 2006 (FP6) 11 projects including 14 US American participants were funded under the research area 'Sustainable Energy Systems' (Topic 6.1.).

For more information please click on the project acronym

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Toward the European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy
15.0 11.9 - Missouri Botanical Garden
- Smithsonian Institution, National Museums and Art Galleries
Handbook for Approval of Hydrogen Refuelling Stations
3.9 1.9 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Hydrogen Production from Gaseous Fuels
13.4 7.5 - Conocophillips Company
- Chevron Energy Technology Company
Fuel Cell Testing, Safety, Quality Assurance
4.9 2.5 United States Department of Energy
NextGenCell - The next generation of stationary fuel cells
11.0 2.5 - Plug Power Inc.
- Pemeas U.S.A. Inc.
Benchmarking of the European Hydrogen Energy Roadmap HyWays with International Partners
0.5 0.3 Midwest Research Institute
Monitoring and verification of CO2 storage and ECBM in Poland
2.7 1.3 Advanced Resources International Inc.
Installation permitting guidance for hydrogen and fuel cells stationary applications
2.9 1.4 Sandia Corporation
Further Improvement and System Integration of High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
6.2 4.0 Case Western Reserve University
Bifacial Thin Industrial multi-Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells
4.9 2.0 University of South Florida
Novel efficient solid storage for hydrogen
11.6 7.5 Southwest Research Institute


Between 1998 and 2002 (FP5) 10 energy research projects including 13 US American participants were funded.

For more information please click on the project acronym

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
European Geothermal Project to utilise Hot Dry Rock/Hot Fractured Rock resources: First phase of the construction of the Scientific Pilot Plant
25.7 6.5 Southern International Incorporated
Catalytic Hybrid Lean-premixed Burner for Gas Turbines
6.7 2.4 - Catacel Corp
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Nanocat Technologies Inc.
- University of Maryland, College Park
Reduction of Toxic Metal Emissions from Industrial Combustion Plants-Impact of Emission Control Technologies
3.8 2.5 Reaction Engineering International
Large Bioethanol / ETBE Integrated Project in China and Italy
0.6 0.3 Delta - T - Corporation
Alternative Fuel For Heavy Duty
3.5 1.8 AVL Powertrain Technology, Inc.
Development of test procedures for benchmarking components in RES, in particular energy storage systems - 'Benchmarking'
2.9 1.8 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Demonstration of a MWe Class Power Systems Using High Temperature Fuel Cells (SOFC) combined with Micro-Turbine Generator
11.1 3.9 Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
Deepwater Umbilical-less Control System for Well Completion and Intervention
4.1 1.5 Schlumberger Reservoir Completions
Molten Salt Solar Thermal Power 15 MWe Demonstration Plant (target Action 'C')
15.4 5.0 Boeing Company
Clear Data for Clean
Clear Data For Clean Fuels
2.1 1.2 IEA Bioenergy Task 39, Liquid Biofuels