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International Cooperation


Russia is the EU’s third biggest trade partner, with Russian supplies of oil and gas making up a large percentage of Russia’s exports to Europe. The EU and Russia cooperate on a number of challenges, such as climate change. The EU and Russia concluded a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement in 1994. The June 2008 Summit between the EU and the Russian Federation saw the launch of negotiations on a new EU-Russia agreement.

Cooperation in research between the EU and Russia is based on the 'Agreement on cooperation in science and technology between the European Community and the Government of the Russian Federation' signed in 2000. It explicitly covers cooperative activities in the area of non-nuclear energy.

Read more about how the EU and Russia have been cooperating in energy research.

Bilateral cooperation

At the St. Petersburg Summit in May 2003, the EU and Russia agreed to reinforce their cooperation by creating, in the long term, four "common spaces". One of these 'common spaces' is dedicated to 'research and education, including cultural aspects'. The aim is to capitalise on the strength of the EU and Russian research communities and promote joint research activities in areas of common interest. 'Clean and renewable energy' is one of the priority research domains for which, in the framework of this initiative, specific fields of cooperation should be identified.

In order to reinforce the 'Common space of research' the creation of a working group on the EC’s non-nuclear energy research areas was agreed at the Joint Committee meeting of the EC-Russia S&T Cooperation Agreement on 23 May 2006. The tasks of this working group include:

  • determining priority areas for scientific cooperation based on mutual interest.
  • considering possibilities for implementation mechanisms to enhance cooperation such as joint workshops, coordinated calls, etc.
  • developing a pragmatic approach to translate political will into concrete results through the definition of actions to be implemented at operational level.

The European Commission on one hand, and the Ministry of Education and Science – Federal Agency on Science and Innovations on the other hand, are the members of this working group.

At the (informal) Working Group meeting in April 2007, the following areas of common interest were jointly identified:

  • materials (all fields)
  • H2 storage and/or low temperature FC materials
  • energy efficiency/savings
  • Simulation/control of high voltage networks
  • Clean coal and CO2 storage
  • Biomass

In the future, other areas/topics may be considered for coordinated initiatives by Europe and Russia.

In addition the following activities were proposed:

  • Cooperation under the "People" Programme
  • Info day on the Energy EU-Russia Call (December 2007)
  • International conference "Hydrogen technologies for the Developing World" (April 2008)
  • SCOPE-EAST Workshop (December 2007)

In addition, both sides agreed on the first forms of cooperation and the implementing instruments to be launched in 2007-2008:

An FP7 EU-Russia coordinated call on 'electricity networks management' and 'power generation from biomass', has been published on 30 November 2007, with a financial contribution of EUR 4 million from each side. The projects selected are now under way.

Currently, the EC-Russia Working Group on Energy Research continues to discuss new means of cooperating and both sides are currently examining internally new areas where there could be scope for common actions.

Russia is also a member of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BCSEC).

Multilateral cooperation

The EU and Russia work together in the following multilateral initiatives:

  • Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum: Russia is a founding member of the Forum since its creation in June 2003. The objective of the CSLF is:
    • to streamline co-operation aiming at developing improved cost-effective technologies for separating carbon dioxide from flue stream gases.
    • to store carbon dioxide safely for the long term. and
    • to make these technologies broadly applicable internationally for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.

    The CSLF is currently comprised of 22 members (21 countries plus the European Commission).

  • International Partnership in the Hydrogen Economy: Russia is a founding member of the Partnership since its establishment in November 2003. IPHE's objective is to reduce the global dependence on oil by supporting the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells technologies, both for transportation systems and stationary applications. Currently the IPHE consists of 17 members (16 countries plus the European Commission).

Research projects

For more information please click on the project acronym

Under the Energy Theme of the current research funding programme (FP7, 2007-2013) so far 7 projects including 16 participants from Russia receive funding.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Engine and turbine combustion of bioliquids for combined heat and power production.
4.3 1.6 - Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
- Federal State Unitary Enterprise Central, Order of the Red Banner, Scientific Research Automobile and Engine Institute
- The Likhachev Plant
Enabling advanced pre-combustion capture techniques and plants
15.5 10.2 A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis - Russian Academy of Sciences
Intelligent Coordination of Operation and Emergency Control of EU and Russian Power Grids
4.8 2.0 - All-Russian Electrotechnical Instittue named after V.I. Lenin
- High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission Research Institute
- Institute of Control Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Institute of Power Systems
- Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Oao Nauchno-Technicheskiy Centr Electro
- Power System Emergency Control Laboratory
Pan European Grid Advanced Simulation and state Estimation
13.6 8.6 The Design & Research Institute Of Power Systems And Networks Energoset
REACCESS 4.1 3.0 Institute for the Economy in Transition
SECURE 3.8 2.8 Energy Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
SUPER-METHANOL 3.0 2.1 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences


Between 2002 and 2006 (FP6) 17 projects including 26 Russian participants were funded under the research area 'Sustainable Energy Systems' (Topic 6.1.).

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Toward the European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy
15.0 11.9 - Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences
ENhanced Geothermal Innovative Network for Europe
2.3 2.3 - The Institute for Geothermal Research of the Daghestan Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences
- O. Yu. Schmidt Institute of Earth Physics - Russian Academy of Sciences
- Institute for High Temperatures - Russian Academy of Sciences
- Joint Stock Company 'Intergeotherm'
Proton Exchange Membrane- based Electrochemical Hygrogen Generator
2.5 1.3 - Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute'
- Moscow Power Engineering Institute (Technical University)
- Kabardino-Bakarian State University
Non-thermal production of pure hydrogen from biomass
14.2 9.9 - Biotest, Cooperative Enterprise for Research & Production
- A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis - Russian Academy of Sciences
- Moscow Lomonosov State University, Biological Faculty
Calcium cycle for efficient and low cost CO2 capture in fluidized bed systems
2.7 1.8 All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute
Demonstration of SOFC stack technology for operation at 600C
11.9 6.8 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
Fuel Cell Testing, Safety, Quality Assurance
4.9 2.5 - Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute'
- Institute for Physics and Power Engineering
Management and Exploitation of Solar Resource Knowledge
1.0 0.9 Voyekov Main Geophysical Observatory
Enhancing International Cooperation in running FP6 Hydrogen Solid Storage Activities
0.3 0.3 Institute of Solid State Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences
CO2 capture using amine processes: International cooperation and exchange
1.1 0.4 A.V. Topchiev Institute of etrochemical Synthesis - Russian Academy of Sciences
International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy for GENeration of New Ionomer membranEs
1.2 0.7 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
Installation permitting guidance for hydrogen and fuel cells stationary applications
2.9 1.4 Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute'
European Concentrated Solar Thermal Road-Mapping
0.3 0.2 Institute for High Temperatures - Russian Academy of Sciences
A new PV wave making more efficient use of the solar spectrum
14.6 8.3 Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute
Safety of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier
13.2 7.2 Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute'
Co-ordinated Action on Ocean Energy
1.7 1.6 Applied Technologies Compagny, Ldt
Co-processing of upgraded bio-liquids in standard refinery units
13.3 7.6 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis - Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences


Between 1998 and 2002 (FP5) five energy research projects including nine Russian participants were funded.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Hydrogen Fed Miniature Fuel Cell For Next Generation Portable Equipment
2.8 1.4 Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute '
European Development Of A Fuel-Cell, Reduced-Emission Scooter
3.6 1.8 - Electrochemical Power Sources Stock Company
- Esma Joint Stock Company
Smart Reservoir Net
Innovative and sustainable sub-surface exploitation of natural resources
1.9 1.5 - European-Russian Council for the Co-operation in the Industry of Petroleum
- Kinetic Technologies Ltd
- Tomsk Polytechnic University
Supporting of RE development in Russia and CIS countries based on opportunities in technologies transfer
0.1 0.1 - Solar Energy Center 'Intersolarcenter'
- St. Petersburg Energy Centre
EU-Russia Energy Technology Centre -OPET Russia
4.4 3.4 Russian authorities