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International Cooperation

Mediterranean Partner Countries

Involved countries (non-EU)

Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey

Bi-regional cooperation

The state of the art and possible development perspectives for the Energy Theme in FP7 have been discussed in a workshop on "Renewable Energy Sources" in Athens on 15-17 May 2005. The topic of renewable energy constitutes one of the most important issues for the research agenda of Mediterranean countries. It was stressed that renewable energy should be addressed through different actions: improving research system, increasing mobility on the relevant topic and sub-topics, increasing research activities and improving quality of research, adequate transfer of technology, developing innovation, national and regional dialogue and networking.

The following 6 fields have been identified as priority for future activities:

  • Sustainability in building design for Mediterranean Areas
    • Domestic solar cooling
    • Passive techniques/ bioclimatic architecture
    • Integration of solar energy in design of buildings
  • Hydrogen from renewable energy sources (mainly solar)
  • Energy from organic waste and crops
  • Technology adaptation to Mediterranean conditions
    • Improving PV systems performance under severe external conditions (cooling, coatings, cleaning)
    • Improving solar thermal systems performance under severe external conditions (coatings, cleaning, stagnation)
    • Improving solar collectors and systems efficiency
    • Big solar power plants (stability, control, simulation of operation)
    • Integration of solar energy in industrial applications
    • Distributed electricity generation including storage and microgrids in remote areas (control, connection to the grid, small communities, islands)
  • Renewable energy and water
    • Use of renewable energy sources for desalination and water supply
    • Use of renewable energy sources for waste water treatment
  • Socio-economics issues
    • In order to obtain large public acceptance for the dissemination of RES technologies, develop approaches that take account of the local population and stakeholders.
    • Education and training in maintenance activities, both for end users and professionals.
    • Networking schemes at local, regional and national level, including demonstration and deployment activities.
    • Identification and improvement of the legislation and policy framework in order to support the technological development and implementation of RES.

Beyond the topic of renewable energy, other topics of interest for the MCPs are electricity and related regional networks and grids as well as use and distribution of natural resources (gas).

As a result of the above mentioned workshop a Special International Cooperation Activity (SICA) has been included in the 2007 Energy call of FP7. The SICA focuses on 'Solar irradiation resource assessment and forecasting'. The results should facilitate the matching of different concepts to various solar environments, reduce the cost of integration through improved predictability, and accelerate the rate of solar energy deployment in the EU and neighbouring countries.