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International Cooperation


The EU and the Republic of India benefit from a longstanding relationship going back to the early 1960s. In 2004 India became one of the EU’s "Strategic Partners". Current efforts are centred on a joint work programme on climate change adopted at the last Summit in 2008.

Cooperation in research between the EU and India is based on the Science and Technological Cooperation Agreement signed in 2001. Under this agreement cooperation may cover all the activities of research, technological development and demonstration included in the part of the framework programme dealing with cooperative research.

Read more about how the EU and India have been cooperating in energy research.

Bilateral cooperation

At the 5th EU-India Summit of 8 November 2004 the decision was taken to initiate an Energy Dialogue. Key priorities for cooperation are the development of clean coal technologies, increasing energy efficiency and savings, promoting environment friendly energies as well as assisting India with energy market reforms. In the framework of this dialogue the India-EU Energy Panel held its constitutive meeting in June 2005. It is the formal instrument of EU-India cooperation in the energy sector. Under its umbrella, four working groups were created in 2006, dealing with 'Renewable energy/energy efficiency' and 'Coal/clean coal technology', Fusion/India's participation in the ITER project, and Petroleum/natural gas

At the Steering Committee meeting of the EU-India Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement in November 2006, the Indian delegation tabled India's interest for RTD cooperation on:

  • Solar thermal heliostat with central receiver for generating continuous electricity,
  • Oxyfuel combustion boilers for efficient power generation through fossil fuel,
  • Gallium Nitride based while Light Emitting Diode for providing 40-60 Watt/bulb),
  • Solar silicon materials for solar photovoltaic cell with thrust on refining and crystallization,
  • Hydrogen & fuel cell technologies,
  • Bio fuels.

In February 2007 EU Member States, Commission and India met for the first time on ministerial level at the India-EU Ministerial Science Conference in Delhi. During this meeting – 'The New Delhi Communiqué' – it was recognised that enhancing sustainable socioeconomic development and tackling global issues like energy can only be done through international S&T collaboration. Cooperation should be reinforced by facilitating the joint participation in each Research Programme and by organising strategic workshops on key areas like clean energy.

An EU-India workshop on renewable energy research and technology development was held from 10-11 March 2008 and focused on four topics: 'Solar energy (including PV and concentrated solar power)', 'Wind energy', 'Biomass gasification for electricity production' and 'Waste to energy'. These were identified as areas for potential cooperation following successful discussions.

The 2008 EU-India Summit held in Marseille on 29 September 2008 adopted a Work programme on energy, clean development and climate change, which included the following actions for energy:

  • Work together to advance co-operation on achieving safe, secure, affordable and sustainable energy supplies under the auspices of the India-EU Energy Panel and its Working Groups.
  • Intensify discussions, information sharing and cooperation on coal and the full range of clean coal technologies in the EU-India Coal and Clean Coal Technologies Working Groups.
  • Promote energy efficiency and energy conservation through the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation, complemented by bilateral activities as appropriate
  • Conclude negotiations on an agreement for cooperation in the field of Fusion Energy Research. Facilitate networking of institutions for research and development in the field of renewable energy
  • Identify joint priorities for future research cooperation under the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme and seek to launch specific cooperation activities in selected fields of research related to energy, environment and climate change including renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, biomass, waste-to-energy and research in Clean Coal Technologies (CCT).

At the Steering Committee meeting of the EU-India Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement in October 2008, the Indian Delegation expressed strong interest in the possibility of a coordinated call in Solar Technologies. Discussions are ongoing.

An EU-India Workshop on Clean Coal Technologies was held in New Delhi, in November 2008, with participation from European and Indian experts and officials.

Multilateral cooperation

The EU and India work together on the following multilateral initiatives:

  • International Energy Agency: India and the IAE signed a "Declaration of Co-operation between India and the IEA" on 30 April 1998. The key objectives of IEA-India cooperation are:
    • to assist India in its transition to a market-based economy,
    • to integrate India into the IEA’s energy policy framework,
    • to obtain in-depth knowledge of India’s energy and environmental system.

    The IEA acts as energy policy advisor to 28 Member countries in their effort to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for their citizens.

  • Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum: India is a founding member of the Forum which was created in June 2003. The objective of the CSLF is:
    • to streamline co-operation aiming at developing improved cost-effective technologies for separating carbon dioxide from flue stream gases.
    • to store carbon dioxide safely for the long term.
    • to make these technologies broadly applicable internationally for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.

    The CSLF is currently comprised of 22 members (21 countries plus the European Commission).

  • International Partnership in the Hydrogen Economy: India is a founding member of the Partnership since its establishment in November 2003. IPHE's objective is to reduce the global dependence on oil by supporting the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells technologies, both for transportation systems and stationary applications. Currently the IPHE consists of 17 members (16 countries plus the European Commission).

Research projects

For more information please click on the project acronym

Under the Energy Theme of the current research funding programme (FP7, 2007-2013) so far one project including one participant from India receives funding.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Multi-scale data assimilation, advanced wind modeling and forecasting with emphasis to extreme weather situations for a secure large-scale wind power integration
5.6 4.0 The Energy and Resources Institute


Between 2002 and 2006 (FP6) six projects including seven Indian participants were funded under the research area 'Sustainable Energy Systems' (Topic 6.1.).

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Integrated Wind Turbine Design
22.6 14.6 Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology
Sustainable Energy Technology at Work on the market generated by the EU Emission Trade Scheme and the linked CDM and JI markets
1.2 1.0 The Energy and Resources Institute
Fuel Cell Testing and Dissemination
0.8 0.6 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Co-ordinated Action on Ocean Energy
1.7 1.6 - Icici Lombard General Insurance Co.Ltd
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Cost Assessment for Sustainable Energy Systems
1.6 1.4 Indian Institute of Management
CO2 Geological Storage: Research into Monitoring and Verification Technology
15.5 8.3 Indian School of Mines


Between 1998 and 2002 (FP5) three energy research projects including four Indian participants were funded.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Boosting Local Technology Uptake - An Opet Action to Support the Objectives of The RES-E Directive
1.6 0.9 The Energy and Resources Institute
Promotion of Clean Energy Technology Initiatives in India Sub-Continent and Asean Region
0.3 0.1 The Energy and Resources Institute
Cleaner Fossil Fuel Opet
1.7 0.9 Tata Energy Research Institute