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International Cooperation

China

EU relations with China were established in 1975 and are governed by the 1985 EU-China Trade and Cooperation Agreement. In 2007, to reflect the depth and breadth of today’s strategic partnership, negotiations began to upgrade this to a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Today, the EU is China’s second largest trade partner, with China being the EU’s largest partner.

Cooperation in research between the EU and China is based on the 'Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the People's Republic of China' (pdf) signed in 1998 and renewed in 2004. Under this agreement cooperation may cover all the activities of research, technological development and demonstration included in the "Cooperation" Specific Programme of FP7.

Learn more about how the EU and China have been working together in energy research.

Bilateral cooperation

The Joint Declaration on Climate Change between China and the EU was issued at the 8th EU-China Summit in September 2005 in Beijing. It lays the ground for the China-EU partnership on climate change. This partnership will strengthen cooperation and dialogue on climate change including clean energy, and will promote sustainable development. It will include cooperation on the development, deployment and transfer of low carbon technology, including advanced near-zero-emissions coal technology through carbon capture and storage.

Based on the 'Joint declaration on Climate Change' both parties signed at the 6th EU-China Energy Conference in February 2006 in Shanghai a Memorandum of Understanding on the 'Cooperation on Near-zero Emissions Power Generation Technology through Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage' (Press Release). It covers a first phase of co-operation for exploring the feasibility of, and options for, near-zero emissions coal technology in China through carbon dioxide capture and storage. On 1 April 2009 the 3rd NZEC Steering Committee Meeting met in Brussels to discuss progress to date and next steps to be taken. Phase I is due for completion at the end of 2009, with DG Environment taking over lead responsibility for subsequent phases. The launch of the next phases is currently under discussion.

In March 2008 both sides held a joint workshop in non-nuclear energy research and climate change research. The intention was to further explore and develop new cooperation on research topics of common interest. The workshop covered a range of areas in Energy including a number of renewables (solar, wind), CCS and Energy Efficiency, and was attended by Chinese and European officials and experts.

On 30 January 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao met with Commission President Barosso in Brussels, where both sides expressed a commitment to work together to meet global challenges such as climate change.

Multilateral cooperation

The EU and China work together through the following multilateral initiatives:

  • Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum: China is a founding member of the Forum since its inception in June 2003. The objective of the CSLF is:
    • to streamline cooperation aiming at developing improved cost-effective technologies for separating carbon dioxide from flue stream gases,
    • to store carbon dioxide safely for the long term, and
    • to make these technologies broadly applicable internationally to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions.

    The CSLF is currently comprised of 22 members (21 countries plus the European Commission).

  • International Partnership in the Hydrogen Economy: China is a founding member of the Partnership since its establishment in November 2003. IPHE's objective is to reduce the global dependence on oil by supporting the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells technologies, both for transportation systems and stationary applications. Currently the IPHE consists of 17 members (16 countries plus the European Commission).

Research projects

For more information please click on the project acronym

Under the Energy Theme of the current research funding programme (FP7, 2007-2013) so far one project including three Chinese participants receives funding.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
STRACO2
Support to Regulatory Activities for Carbon Capture and Storage
1.0 0.9 - Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21

 

Between 1998 and 2002 (FP5) 9 energy research projects including 17 Chinese participants were funded.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
CH-EU-BIO
Development of co-firing power generation market opportunities to enhance the EU biomass sector through international cooperation with China
0.6 0.6 - Technology Consulting Centre of China Electricity Council
- Tsinghua University
- Energy Research Institute of Henan Academy of Sciences
HYAPPROVAL
Handbook for Approval of Hydrogen Refuelling Stations
3.9 1.9 Technical Institute of Physics And Chemistry - Chinese Academy of Sciences
NEMESIS
New Methods for Superior Integrated Hydrogen Generation System
3.9 2.2 Nanjing University of Technology
BEST
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport
17.7 8.0 - Nanyang City
- Tsinghua University
ASTECH
Advanced sustainable energy technologies for cooling and heating applications
1.3 0.9 Zhejiang Energy Research Institute
UPWIND
Integrated Wind Turbine Design
22.6 14.6 China University of Mining and Technology
CACHET
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Hydrogen Production from Gaseous Fuels
13.4 7.5 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
HYFLEET:CUTE
Hydrogen for Clean Urban Transport in Europe
43.0 19.0 China FCB Demonstration Project Management Office
REHES
Renewable Energy for Heat Supply in Dwellings with Individual and Local Heating Systems
0.4 0.3 Solar Energy Laboratory, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences
T@W
Sustainable Energy Technology at Work on the market generated by the EU Emission Trade Scheme and the linked CDM and JI markets
1.2 1.0 - Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Zhejiang Energy Research Institute
SOFC600
Demonstration of SOFC stack technology for operation at 600C
11.9 6.8 - Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University
FCTESQA
Fuel Cell Testing. Safety. Quality Assurance
4.9 2.5 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
HYSIC
Enhancing International Cooperation in running FP6 Hydrogen Solid Storage Activities
0.3 0.3 - General Research Institute for Non-Ferrous Metals
- Nankai University
COACH
Cooperation Action within CCS China-EU
2.6 1.5 - The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21
- Tsinghua University
- Zhejiang University
- Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Thermal Power Research Institute
- Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Research Institute of Petroleum Exp. & Dev. – Petrochina
- Greengen Company Ltd
MOVECBM
Monitoring and verification of CO2 storage and ECBM in Poland
2.7 1.3 - Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Research Institute of Petroleum Exp. & Dev. – Petrochina
- China United Coalbed Methane Corporation Ltd.
CAPRICE
CO2 capture using amine processes: International cooperation and exchange
1.1 0.4 Tsinghua University
FCTEDI
Fuel Cell Testing and Dissemination
0.8 0.6 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
IPHE-GENIE
International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy for GENeration of New Ionomer membranEs
1.2 0.7 - Shangdong Dongyue Shenzhou New Material Co. Ltd.
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University
CA-OE
Co-ordinated Action on Ocean Energy
1.7 1.6 Harbin Engineering University
CASES
Cost Assessment for Sustainable Energy Systems
1.6 1.4 National Development and Reform Commission Energy Research Institute
EU GEOCAPACITY
Assessing European Capacity for Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide
3.6 1.9 Tsinghua University

 

Between 1998 and 2002 (FP5) 9 energy research projects including 17 Chinese participants were funded.

Project Acronym / Title Project total cost (Million EUR) Project EC contribution (Million EUR) Organisation name
Large Bioethanol / ETBE Integrated Project in China and Italy 0.6 0.3 - Beijing E&E Biomass Development Co. Ltd
- China Association of Rural Energy Industry
OPET RES-e
Boosting Local Technology Uptake - An Opet Action to Support the Objectives of the RES-E Directive
1.6 0.9 Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
BIO-SME-TC
Promotion of eu biomass technology in agro-industry of high-potential Third Countries
0.6 0.5 China Association of Rural Energy Industry
CO-OPET
Support initiative for the organisations for promotion of energy and transport technologies
2.6 2.2 Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
OPET CHP / DHC
Opet CHP/DH Cluster
2.4 1.4 Zhejiang Energy Research Institute
EUCHINAPOWER
International cooperation to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impact for fossil fuel fired power plants within China
0.6 0.6 - Thermal Power Research Institute
- Tsinghua University
SEEN
Sino-European Energy Network
0.1 0.1 - China Rural Energy Industrial Association
- China Solar Energy Association
- Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- China Rural Energy Industrial Association
- China Solar Energy Association
- Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
POPETAC
Participating the OPET as an associate in China
0.1 0.0 Zhejiang Provincial Energy Research Institute
CFF OPET
Cleaner Fossil Fuel Opet
1.7 0.9 - Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Zhejiang Energy Research Institute