links relevant to the Endocrine Disrupter Research
• European Union bodies
• International bodies and programmes
• National governmental bodies
• Other sources of information
- General information on the European Union. General
information on DG Research’s environment-related
activities can be found on this
- The European
Environment Agency aims to support sustainable
development and to help achieve significant and
measurable improvement in Europe's environment through
the provision of timely, targeted, relevant and
reliable information to policy making agents and
Chemicals Bureau (ECB) is a unit within the
Institute for Health and Consumer Protection at
the Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy. ECB’s
tasks cover the whole range of EU directives and
regulations on the monitoring, control and management
of chemical products. This is achieved through the
implementation and improvement of regulations for:
• Classification and labelling of dangerous
• The notification of and risk assessment
for new substances
• Development and harmonisation of testing
• Data collection and risk assessment for
• Export/import control of restricted chemicals
• Authorisation and evaluation of biocides
• Review programme of plant protection products
- The Institute
for Environment and Sustainability is one of
the institutes that constitute the Joint Research
Centre of the European Commission. In line with
the JRC mission, the aim of IES is to provide scientific
and technical support to European Union strategies
for the protection of the environment contributing
to a sustainable development. Endocrine disrupters
are mentioned in the work
programme of the Joint Research Centre.
bodies and programmes
- International Programme on Chemical Safety
(IPCS) is a collaborative programme including
the executive heads of the United
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International
Labour Organisation (ILO), and the World
Health Organisation (WHO). The two main roles
of the IPCS are to establish the scientific health
and environmental risk assessment basis for safe
use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities
for chemical safety. Endocrine disrupters have been
identified as an emerging issue . In 2002, IPCS
published a global
assessment of the state of the science of endocrine
disrupters. It has also maintained a global
endocrine-disrupter research inventory. IPCS
INCHEM offers quick and easy electronic access
to thousands of searchable full-text documents on
chemical risks and the sound management of chemicals.
- The European Commission participates in the endocrine
disrupters testing and assessment task force (EDTA)
managed by the Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development, which
was set up to collaborate with other national and
international bodies to achieve co-operation in
developing and validating new complementary tests
and test strategies that are recognised and accepted
by different international and national organisations.
OECD maintains a
webpage describing their activities in the ED
- The United
Nations Environment Programme has as its goal
to “provide leadership and encourage partnership
in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing,
and enabling nations and peoples to improve their
quality of life without compromising that of future
generations”. One activity is focused on chemicals,
including persistent organic pollutants.
- The Stockholm
Convention is a global treaty to protect human
health and the environment from persistent organic
pollutants (POPs). See also the website
of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
- World Wildlife Foundation has provided
inputs and opinions, and information, concerning
properties and use as well as relevance to various
EU policies, for example, on chemicals.
- The European
Public Health Alliance is a non-governmental
organisation, whose objective is to promote and
protect the health interests of all people living
in Europe. This is achieved by strengthening dialogues
between the EU institutions, citizens and NGOs in
support of public health policies.
- The Society
of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)
is an independent, not-for-profit professional society
that provides a forum for individuals and institutions
engaged in the study of environmental issues, management
and conservation of natural resources, environmental
education, and environmental research and development.
- Long Range Initiative (LRI) is
part of CEFIC’s
(European Chemical Industry Council) Research
& Science programme. Through LRI, the chemical
industry sponsors independent, publicly available
research undertaken in partnership with government
agencies, universities and scientific institutes.
More information can be found at http://www.cefic.org/lri/Templates/shwStory.asp?NID=34&HID=408,
governmental bodies and programmes
government information on endocrine modulators
Department of the Environment in Belgium gives out environmental information.
The webpage of
the Czech Ministry of Environment.
Environmental Protection Agency spheres of activity are concentrated
on preventing and combating water, soil and air pollution. It provides
information and guidance about the rules for using chemicals, ensuring
that the rules are followed appropriately by companies, manufacturers,
citizens and so on. See also the webpage of the National
Environmental research Institute.
The webpage of
Ministry of Environment.
The German Umweltsbundesamt
provides information on issues related to environmental
protection and policies. See also the website
of the German
Council of Environmental Advisors.
Ministry of the Environment gives out environmental information, focused
research programme on environmental health (SYTTY) has sponsored research
projects on chemicals including those with endocrine disrupting properties.
Ministry of the Environment supports certain
environmental research projects. The Finnish
Environment Institute has a research programme
on environmental contaminants. See also the
The French Ministry
of Ecology and Sustainable Development provides information on issues
related to environmental protection and policies. See also the website
of the French
French national research and safety institute
for the prevention of occupational accidents
and diseases maintains a website giving
information on endocrine disrupters in French.
French environment ministry published an expert
report on endocrine disrupters in 2003 calling
for more research in this area.
Environmental Protection Agency
National Health Institute maintains a website
on endocrine disrupters and related activities.
of the Latvian
Ministry of Environment and the
Latvian Environment Agency.
Polish Ministry of the Environment has a webpage giving information
on various environment-related issues in Poland.
Ministry of the Environment provides information on environmental
Environmental Protection Agency is a central environmental authority
under the Swedish Government, with a mandate to co-ordinate and drive
forward environmental work nationally and internationally.
Ministry for Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment is a source
of information on environmental issues.
The website of the Dutch
National Institute for Public Heath and the Environment provides information
on environmental issues.
||The aim of the Department
for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of the UK (DEFRA) is sustainable
development, which means a better quality of life for everyone, now and
for generations to come, including:
- a better environment at home and internationally,
and sustainable use of natural resources;
- economic prosperity through sustainable farming,
fishing, food, water and other industries that meet consumers' requirements;
- thriving economies and communities in rural areas
and a countryside for all to enjoy
DEFRA has sponsored research
projects on endocrine disruption.
for Environment and Health (UK) aims to promote a healthier environment
- Facilitating information exchange
- Identifying and evaluating environment and health
- Managing research programmes on the adverse
effects of chemicals
In this way they aim to deliver a better understanding of the risk
to human health and the environment from exposure to hazardous substances
in air, water and soil. Principal current research topics include
air pollution, endocrine disrupters, epidemiology, food and diet,
and human exposure and risk assessment. IEH has a database
available on EDC.
Environment Agency is a regulatory body
looking after, e.g. air and water quality.
IEH published in 2005 a
report called “Chemicals
purported to be endocrine disrupters”
- 350 Kb]. Note from IEH: inclusion of a substance
in the list does not constitute an endorsement
of its status as an EDC.
Institute for Environmental Studies of Japan, part of the Ministry
of the Environment, has an endocrine disruptors and dioxins research project.
See also the Ministry
of Environment’s webpage.
Institute of Public Health has developed methods to detect certain
1996, the US Environmental
Protection Agency ’s (EPA) Office of Research and Development (ORD)
identified endocrine disruption as one of its top-six research priorities
and developed a risk-based research approach to address some of these
research programme is based on a peer-reviewed research plan published
in 1998 and has three long-term goals. EPA has published a special
report on environmental endocrine disruption: an effects assessment and
analysis. The ECOTOXicology
database (ECOTOX) is a source for locating single chemical toxicity
data for aquatic life, terrestrial plants and wildlife. An inventory of
federal research projects can be found at http://www.epa.gov/endocrine/Project.html.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is one
of 27 institutes and centres of the National
Institutes of Health (NIH), which is a component of the Department
of Health and Human Services (DHHS). DHHS published a
report in 2001 on potential carcinogens including substances with
ED potential. The mission of NIEHS is to reduce the burden of human illness
and dysfunction from environmental causes by understanding each of these
elements and how they interrelate. The NIEHS achieves its mission through
multidisciplinary biomedical research programmes, prevention and intervention
efforts, and communication strategies that encompass training, education,
transfer , and community
outreach. One research activity is birth
and developmental defects, sterility, breast and testicular cancers.
Centre for the Evaluation of Risks to Human
Reproduction (CERHR) website gives the latest
information about potentially hazardous effects
of chemicals on human reproduction and development.
This Centre is managed by the National
Toxicology Program (NTP) which coordinates
toxicological testing programmes, strengthens
the science base in toxicology; develops and
validates improved testing methods; and provides
information about potentially toxic chemicals
to health regulatory and research agencies,
the scientific and medical communities, and
NICEATM (the NTP Interagency
Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological
Methods) is a part of the National
Toxicology Program. It administers the Interagency
Coordinating Committee on the Validation of
Alternative Methods (ICCVAM), providing scientific
and operational support. ICCVAM and NICEATM
work together to evaluate the usefulness and
limitations of new, revised, and alternative
toxicological test methods. The ICCVAM home
page is located at http://iccvam.niehs.nih.gov.
develops in vitro test methods for detecting
potential endocrine disruptors.
Resources Division (BRD) of the US Geological Survey (part of the
US Department of the Interior) has sponsored a number of research projects
dealing with endocrine-disrupting chemicals.
(the US Department of Agriculture's documentation and reporting system)
sponsors research projects in agriculture, food and nutrition, and forestry.
Several projects are related to endocrine disruption.
sources of information
provides information on endocrine modulation and
endocrine disruptors and offers scientifically based
opinion on reproductive and developmental health
outcomes in humans including breast
and fertility, spontaneous
reproductive tract abnormalities, precocious
hormones and immune
Letter is a source of information about the
scientific, regulatory and political issues associated
with suspected endocrine disrupters.
- American Council on Science and Health book review
Disrupters: A Scientific Perspective
on the Working Group on Endocrine Disrupters of
the Scientific Committee on Toxicity, Ecotoxicity
and the Environment (CSTEE), Consumer Policy
and Consumer Health Protection - 1999
- IUPAC project on Environmental implications of
endocrine active substances: Present
state-of-the-art and future research needs
- The US
Pesticide Action Network gives information on
- The Children's
Environmental Health Network in the US has as
a mission “to protect the foetus and child from
environmental health hazards and promote a healthy
environment”. It has a webpage on endocrine
is a cluster of databases on toxicology, hazardous
chemicals, and related areas.
- The Natural
Resources Defence Council in the US gives information
on endocrine disrupters.
- Our Stolen
Future webpage follows new developments in the
scientific exploration begun with the publication
of Our Stolen Future on endocrine disruption.
- The Children’s
Environmental Health Project was designed by
the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment
(CAPE). It is intended to introduce clinicians (and
their patients) to the fundamentals and broad context
of children’s environmental health issues, including
for Bioenvironmental Research at Tulane and Xavier
Universities maintains a webpage on environmental
estrogens and other hormones.
Health Perspectives online journal.
- The Centres
for Health Research is an independent, not-for-profit
research organisation established to conduct independent
research on the effects of chemicals.
- The Toxicology
(Japan Chemical Industry Ecology-Toxicology & Information
Centre) provides information on studies dealing
with endocrine disrupters.
- The American
Plastics Council gives out information about
safety issues related to plastics use. It co-sponsors
a website on Bisphenol
Endocrine Society homepage
Academy of Andrology homepage
provides information on environment and health-related