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Energy, environment and sustainable development

Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion

Europe is a world leader in progress towards harnessing fusion, the power source which drives the sun. Continued efforts are required to make the dream a reality.

Efforts towards obtaining useful power from the nuclear fusion reaction began at the end of the 1950s. This key action represents another four years of Europe's continuing effort to fulfil the promise - a virtually inexhaustible energy supply with significant environmental and safety advantages. Research at Europe's cutting-edge JET facilities will continue, as will Europe's contribution to engineering design activities within the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project. The wider socio-economic context of fusion will also be addressed.

Concept improvements
  • building, operating and upgrading magnetic fusion devices
  • co-ordinating national civil research activities on inertial confinement

basic fusion device concepts, plasma diagnostics, remotely-located experiments, theoretical studies

Next step activities
  • finalising ITER design in view to its possible construction
  • operation and extended use of JET facilities

fusion physics, prototype testing, procurement specifications

Long-term technology
  • tritium-breeding blankets and reference structural materials
  • advanced low-activation and radiation-resistant material
  • safety and environmental impact assessment
  • DEMO reference design

blanket technologies, mock-up testing, advanced materials, reference materials, material testing, prospective and conceptual studies, safety and environment criteria, socio-economic evaluation

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