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European Flag    Europa The European Commission Research Fifth Framework Programme
Energy, environment and sustainable development

Global change, climate and biodiversity

Forewarned is forearmed - a better understanding of global change problems such as climate, ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity and the disruption of ocean circulation is essential.

Global change influences policies ranging from renewable energies to transport management, industrial emissions to forestry. This key action will provide a scientific, technological and socio-economic basis for strategies to address issues such as the effects of climate change, desertification and biodiversity loss. It will also form the foundation for European Union policies, and fulfil the EU's obligations stemming from international commitments to sustainable development. Research will be wide-ranging in scope, from ecosystem interactions between land, water, atmosphere and oceans to assessing the impact of human activities on the environment - and the changing environment's future impact on humanity - as well as improving observation and monitoring techniques.

Detecting and predicting global change
  • Natural and man-made changes to the atmosphere, ozone depletion and climatic change

atmospheric composition change, depletion of stratospheric ozone, prediction of climatic change, abrupt climate change

Strategies for responding to global change
  • Global and regional scenarios and strategies to prevent, mitigate and adapt to global change

mitigation and adaptation to global change, biodiversity and economic development, combating land degradation and desertification, EU and international environmental policies

Understanding ecosystems
  • Ecosystems on land, in rivers and lakes and in the sea

ecosystem vulnerability, ecosystems, carbon and nitrogen cycles, biodiversity and conservation of biodiversity

European support for global observation
  • observing systems for climate, land and oceans

better use of existing data and observing systems, new long-term observation capacity

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