Professor Maria Anvret, FRC Path is the Senior Executive Scientific Expert and Advisor at the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise. She obtained her PhD at the Karolinska Institute (KI) in 1978, did a postdoc at Yale University, held a research position at the University of Gothenburg (1980-1985) and holds a professorship in neurogenetics from the KI. During her time at AstraZeneca (1997-2005) she was heavily involved in topics of strategic importance to management and implementing genomics and genetics into the drug discovery and development process. During 2005-2007 Dr Anvret was amember of the Karolinska Institute management group and headed the Strategy Office at the Karolinska Institute where she implemented outward and inward analyses into the decision making process. She is at present the spokesman for science- and innovation politics within the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise and serves at a number of boards. During her time within the Confederation she has increased the awareness of science and innovation as an investment in order to generate growth and added value within companies and society. Anvret is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, IVA.