Coordination with Member States
While most research activities, programmes and policies take place at regional and national levels, no single country has sufficient resources to be competitive on a world scale. Nor is it likely to have the resources or capacity to adequately address all the research necessary to support new transboundary issues. For example, obligations as a result of international agreements, such as WTO activities, the Kyoto Protocol and the Convention on Biological Diversity lead to activities and policies that should be increasingly designed and operated from a transnational perspective including, where relevant, cross-border cooperation.
In the domain of agricultural research, European Union Member States joined forces in 1974 to form the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (SCAR) . It is chaired by a Commission representative and advises the Commission and Member States on the coordination of agricultural research activities in Europe.
Recently, global challenges, in particular the global demand for food which is expected to increase by 50% by 2030, are driving research agendas in EU Member States. Food supply must increase sustainably to meet this demand, and efforts have been complicated by climate change. Due to the urgency of these problems, Member States are undertaking Joint Programming Initiatives (JPI) in a coordinated and coherent manner.
Several networks in EU Member States and Associated Countries serve the purpose of better coordinating research efforts, in particular those aimed at building the Knowledge Based Bio-Economy.
KBBE-NET is a high-level expert group which aims to support the European Commission and Member States to achieve a coordinated approach for the development and implementation of a European research policy related to the knowledge based bio-economy.
The ERANet scheme relates to the coordination and cooperation of national and regional programmes and, as such, targets national and regional programme-makers and managers.
Finally, the NCP network is the main provider of advice and individual assistance in all Member States and Associated Countries. By using this service you can easily find the contact details of the designated National Contact Points for your country.