Ways to foster international cooperation
In the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and specifically in the area of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (FAFB), international cooperation between EU Member States and third countries (non EU Member States) is encouraged in different ways:
- Opening participation in all FP7 research activities to third countries: this means that third countries (industrialised, emerging and developing economies) can participate in all topics of FAFB.
- Specific International Cooperation Actions are research projects specifically designed to support partnerships with International Cooperation Partner Countries (defined as low-income to upper-middle income countries) in selected areas of mutual interest.
- Targeted opening, via some research topics that particularly encourage international cooperation.
In addition to these opportunities within FP7 projects, international cooperation between the EU and third countries is also promoted at the level of R&D programmes this includes twinning projects, partnering and Global Initiatives to promote systematic links between given FP7 themes and similar R&D programmes in third countries.
Within the overall context of FP7, support for transnational cooperation is implemented through Collaborative Research and also within the Coordination of National Research Programmes - Joint Programming Initiatives), the European Technology Platforms and also through ERA-NETS that support the Cooperation and Coordination of Research Activities carried out at national or regional level.