IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer and a copyright notice.
European Flag    Europa The European Commission Research Agriculture FAIR
index by sub-area Rural development
index by country United Kingdom

Environmental transport policies and rural development

Contract nr: FAIR-CT98-4080
Project nr: 4080
Project type: CA
Starting date: 01/01/1999
Duration: 19 months
Total cost: 113,080 EUR
EC Contribution: 113,080 EUR
Scientific Officer: Armin MÜNZINGER
Research topic: Rural development policy
Acronym: ETPRD

This proposal is focusing on the analysis of the impact of different Community policies on the situation and development of rural areas. Furthermore it deals with the constraints on the development of new economic activities in vulnerable rural areas. It involves the development of methodologies concerning the identification and assessment of conflicts and tensions which exist between Community environmental policies affecting transport activities, and the policies for rural development. It uses study areas from five participating countries - Germany, Sweden, Ireland, Greece, and the UK.

The objectives of the proposed Concerted Action are to develop research methodologies which will allow the following to be carried out:
(a) Identification of polices at Community and Member State levels, present and planned, and particularly new environmental polices, which affect the economic cost of transport activities, vulnerable rural areas of selected Member States, and thus the mobility of people and goods both internally and externally, with respect to rural areas.
(b) Identification of policies at Community and Member State levels, present and planned, for rural development in which the mobility and access of people and goods, both internally and externally, is a significant factor.
(c) Assessment of the implications for rural development policy of conflicts between these policy areas.
(d) Reflections on the directions in which environmental policy might be modified to allow rural development policies to have maximum effect.

The proposed Concerted Action is important for the development of policy in the environmental and rural fields. Methodologies which allow the recognition of tensions between policies in these fields will facilitate the more effective evolution of policies designed to achieve rural development, as well as policies designed to meet the Community's environmental commitments.

Current situation/results
Participants have completed the application of stages one and two of the Cardiff Methodology and are in the process of applying stages three and four.
Each partner has produced an individual progress report detailing environmental transport studies in their respective states and their study areas as well as their application of stages one and two of the methodology. They are in the process of writing a second individual progress report on their application of stages three and four. This report will also detail their initial thoughts on the utility of the Cardiff Methodology in the assessment of conflicts between environmental transport policies and rural development policies as well as policy modification which might be considered as a consequence of their findings.
All participants have met twice, once in Aberdeen in January 1999 and again in London in September 1999. In May 2000 we shall be having our third meeting in one of the German case-study areas - Landkreis Guestrow, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Northern Germany. The meeting will pull together the experiences of the participants and provide a basis for the findings and recommendations to be made in the final report.
A seminar to disseminate the findings of the project will be held in Brussels in September 2000 to which key policy-makers will be invited. The project will also provide the basis for further research applications. These are still being discussed.

Description of the methodology:
The Cardiff Methodology is a policy analysis framework for assessing progress towards the goals of rural development across different policies and sectors. The framework compares policy performances in relation to the three facets of sustainable development, as well as characteristic structures of governance and policy processes. In short, the methodology aims to provide a framework for assessing and questioning how policies can work both separately and together to progress rural development more effectively. It is not a primary research methodology. Rather, it is a framework for evaluation and policy analysis. This means that it provides a framework for the collection, collation and analysis of both primary and secondary data, as well as both quantitative and qualitative data on policy impacts and processes.

In general terms, the methodology undertakes four broad and related tasks. These tasks are as follows:

  • Policy Description and Mapping: The first task is the identification of the principal policy instruments to be studied, and a description of key features of their design and delivery. This includes the political scale at which they are designed and implemented, the institutions or agencies involved in this process, and the degree to which they provide blanket coverage of rural areas and people.
  • Policy Impacts (1): Sustainable Development: The second task is to identify the negative and positive sustainability impacts of policy instruments, and their ability to deliver all three sustainability objectives simultaneously.
  • Policy Impacts (2): Integrated Rural Development: The third task is to compare policy performances according to the principles and processes considered to be important in achieving integrated and sustainable rural development (as upheld by the Cork Declaration).
  • Policy Limits and Potentials: The fourth task is to assess policies against a series of integrated and sustainable development `tests', in order to highlight the key potentials and limitations of different policies for the progression of rural development objectives.


Department of Geography
Arkleton Centre
University of Aberdeen
UK-Old Aberdeen
Tel.: +44 1224 27 23 50
Fax: +44 1224 27 23 31


    Dalarnas Forskningsrad
    PO Box 743
    S- Falun
    Tel.: +46 2 33 94 79
    Fax: +46 2 33 94 89

  • Karlheinz KNICKEL
    Institntfuer Laendliche Strukturforschung Ander Johann Wolfgang Goethe
    University of Frankfurt
    Zeppelinallee 31
    Tel: +49 69 77 50 01
    Fax: +49 69 77 77 84

  • John McDONAGH
    Department of Geography
    National University of Ireland
    Tel.: +353 91 524 411 x2569
    Fax: +353 91 525 700

  • Stavros GOUTSOS
    Department of Mechanical and Aeronautics Engineering
    University of Patras
    Tel.: +30 61 99 72 54
    Fax: +30 61 99 72 60

    Department of Economics
    University of Helsinki
    PO BOX 27
    Tel.: +358 97 08 50 77
    Fax: +358 97 08 50 96
  Search Top