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index by Area Diversification, new land uses
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Socio-economic multiplier model for rural diversification through biomass energy deployment - biosem model

Contract nr: FAIR-CT96-1389
Project nr: 1389
Project type: CA
Starting date: 01/01/1997
Duration: 26 months
Total cost: 297,000 EUR
EC Contribution: 297,000 EUR
Scientific Officer: Michel VAN DEN BOSSCHE
Research topic: Biomass prodution (food, feed, non-food and energy uses)
Acronym: BIOSEM

There is a clear need to quantify the knock-on effects of bioenergy schemes in rural depressed areas. Bioenergy schemes represent opportunities for European agriculture to diversify into new markets that will create new and additional employment in rural communities. This will also aid in increasing farming incomes and will act as a lever for other investment and contribute to the development of associated commercial and industrial activities. For instance, transport infrastructure and specialist machinery manufacturers will benefit from increased business. This will in turn create additional spending in the community and further add to the knock-on effects.

The objective of this proposal is to develop a quantitative model to analyse the socioeconomic impacts of bioenergy deployment through rural diversification and to measure the distribution of benefits and costs of policy packages, particularly the CAP.

The BIOSEM model - Biomass Socio-Economic Multiplier Model, will be a facilitator for the organisation and analysis of already existing data so that the employment and income benefits from bioenergy development and deployment in rural areas can be measured. The model will simulate the interaction between agricultural crops, biomass production, energy production and other sectors of the economy.The main aim of this proposal is the development of the BIOSEM model. This will allow:

  • the estimation of the direct and indirect knock-on effects on employment, income, local services and government revenue created by various phases of the deployment of bioenergy schemes in the participating European countries;
  • the identification of depressed rural areas that would benefit from bioenergy deployment;
  • recommendations for CAP policy reform to assist and promote rural diversification through bioenergy schemes.

BIOSEM will assist policy makers to site energy crop production and Processing plants and to identify where to target investment so as to get the highest production response or optimal income distribution effects in all the participating European countries.
BIOSEM will help policy makers identify recommendations for rural policy and CAP reform and assist rural diversification through bioenergy deployment based on the results of BIOSEM model simulations.

Current situation/results:
The project is now completed. The BIOSEM technique, a user manual and a number of country reports are available on the website.


United Kingdom Atomic Energy
Harwell, 156 B
UK-OX11 0RA Oxfordshire
Tel.: +44 1235 43 39 85
Fax: +44 1235 43 65 85


  • Piet RIJK
    LEI-DLO - Agricultural Economics Research Institute
    Burgemeester Patijnlaan 19
    P.O. Box 29703
    NL-2502 LS Den haag
    Tel.: +31 70 330 83 36
    Fax: +31 70 361 56 24

  • Jean-Charles JACQUEMIN
    Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix
    Rempart de la Vierge 8
    B-5000 Namur
    Tel.: +32 81 72 48 34
    Fax: +32 81 72 48 40

  • Werner GROSSKOPF
    Universität Hohenheim
    D-70593 Stuttgart
    Tel.: +49 711 459 26 31
    Fax: +49 711 459 37 52

  • Calliope PANOUTSOU
    CRES - Centre for Renewable Energy Sources
    Av. KM Marathonos 19TH
    G-190 09 Pikermi - Attiki
    Tel.: +30 1 603 99 00
    Fax: +30 1 603 99 04

  • Josephine BAHR
    Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technological Development
    Liljeholmsvägen 32
    S-117 86 Stockholm
    Tel.: +46 18 67 17 63
    Fax: +46 18 67 35 22

  • Guiseppe CASERTA
    Italian Biomass Association (ITABIA)
    Via Colombo 185
    I -00147 Roma
    Tel.: +39 06 51 22 792
    Fax: +39 06 51 60 1202

  • William DICK
    Duquesne ltd
    IRL-Co Wicklow
    Tel.: +353 45 865 233
    Fax: +353 45 89 1271

  • Jean Paul GAOUYER
    Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maitrise de l'Energie
    Rue Louis Vicat 27
    F-75737 Paris
    Tel.: +33 1 47 65 20 00
    Fax: +33 1 47 36 48 83

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