publication is a description of projects funded under Area 4 of
the FAIR programme covering agriculture forestry and rural development.
It gives details concerning the participants, the objectives and
the results to date of the completed and ongoing research within
is an acronym for the fourth framework specific RTD programme
"Agriculture and Fisheries (including Agro-industry,
Food technologies, Forestry, Aquaculture and Rural Development)".
It was one of the 18 specific programmes adopted by Council in
April 1994 for funding over the framework period 1994-1998. The
FAIR programme had an overall budget of 728 MECU and was implemented
through research and technological development (RTD), demonstration
(DEMO), and CRAFT, shared cost projects, concerted action and
thematic networks (CA), and research training grants.
programme aimed to promote pre-competitive research in the European
primary production food and non-food sectors of agriculture, horticulture,
fisheries and aquaculture, and to consolidate links with the input
and processing industries, the end user and the consumer. It covers
all aspects of production and utilisation of biological raw materials
with a view to develop new markets, products and processes for
the raw materials originating from agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
Pre-normative research was initiated and supported in order to
provide a sound scientific base for the setting of standards and
regulations relating to production, transformation and use of
biological resources. The programme was organised into the following
activities with indicative budgets indicated.
Integrated production and processing chains (64
Scaling-up and processing methodologies (30
Generic science and advanced technologies for nutritious foods
Agriculture, forestry and rural development (157M)
Fisheries and aquaculture (72M)
Objectives addressed by concertation (34
Legal and Social Aspects
Measures In Support of SMEs
Area 4 had the goal of funding research to support the Common
Agricultural Policy and evaluating its effects, along with identifying
solutions for the changing rural and coastal world. The aim was
to develop new and improved production systems, which were both
competitive and sustainable. In the forestry sector, research
contributing to the overall global objectives concerning the protection
and long term development of forests, multiple functions of forests
and better utilisation of forest production was funded. Finally,
research was funded to improve the development of rural areas,
in particular, areas lagging behind in development.
4 was divided into the following sub-areas.
Sub-area 4.1 Reformed
Sub-area 4.2 Quality
Sub-area 4.3 Diversification,
new land uses
Sub-area 4.4 Animal
and plant health, animal welfare
Sub-area 4.5 Multifunctional
management of forests
Sub-area 4.6 Rural
Shared cost DEMO
Total EU contribution
Average Total cost
Average EU contribution
Percentage EU contribution