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SCAR - National Research Systems - Switzerland
Switzerland is characterized by decentralized political and administrative structures. Subsidiarity in Switzerland is applied by placing responsibilities at the lowest possible level. Switzerland has high qualities and skills in education, science and technology which are recognised internationally. Moreover, the competitiveness of Switzerland is due to the considerable investments into research. On a percentage basis, the amount Switzerland spends on research and development in relation to the gross domestic product (GDP) puts this country near the top of the list. More than two-thirds of these resources come from the private sector.


Research Institutes


Agroscope
Agroscope is attached to the Federal Office for Agriculture. Agroscope takes account of the particular agricultural needs of Switzerland. It concentrates on both applied research and legal tasks. This linking ensures that an optimum use is made of the most up-to-date know-how and a high-quality infrastructure. The research of Agroscope is aimed at providing safe and flavoursome food, a healthy environment and an innovative and competitive agriculture.

Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
The Swiss Foundation for the Promotion of Organic Agriculture was founded in 1973 and the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, set up by the Foundation, began its research work one year later. The research institute’s main task is to promote organic farming by scientific research and advice. In order to further promote the development of organic farming in Switzerland, the government funds the research institute. This financial assistance by the Federal Office for Agriculture allows the research institute to plan its research over a longer period in the sense of a medium-term research strategy.

Universities

The term universities encompasses all ten cantonal universities and both federal institutes of technology (FITs), i.e. the ETH in Zurich and the EPF in Lausanne. The Swiss Confederation has jurisdiction over the two FITs and each Swiss canton has jurisdiction over the university located within its boundaries.

Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich
ETH Zurich engages in basic research and in problem-solving research of lasting value. The Department of Environmental Systems Science (D-USYS) studies the processes and interactions of different environmental systems on various scales, from the molecular scale to global environmental, production and supply systems. The Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAS) elucidates plant and animal systems as well as plant-insect-interactions with a view to sustainable production. The Department of Health Sciences and Technology (D-HEST) includes natural scientists and engineers working in four specialized areas: Movement Sciences and Sport, Food and Nutrition, Medical Engineering, and Neurosciences. The Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health focuses on secure access to safe, tasty food and a balanced diet for maintaining health and improving quality of life.

Faculties of veterinary medicine Vetsuisse
Basic research, from which agricultural research can benefit, is also being carried out in the faculties of veterinary medicine at the universities of Bern and Zürich. They are researching into questions concerning animal diseases, animal husbandry, animal nutrition, nutritional pathology and reproduction.

Departments and institutes of Swiss universities which conduct research in the fields of agriculture, food, nutrition and related environmental issues:
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Universität Abteilung URL
University of Bern Institute of Plant Sciences – Plant Ecology http://www.botany.unibe.ch/planteco
Institute of Plant Sciences – Nutrition http://www.botany.unibe.ch/nutr
Institute of Plant Sciences – Development http://www.botany.unibe.ch/deve
Institute of Plant Sciences – Molecular Physiology
http://www.botany.unibe.ch/plantphys
Institute of Ecology and Evolution – Community Ecology http://ecol.iee.unibe.ch
Institute of Ecology and Evolution – Conservation Biology http://cb.iee.unibe.ch
Interfakultäre Koordinationsstelle für Allgemeine Ökologie http://www.ikaoe.unibe.ch/forschung
University of Freiburg Department of Biology – Ecology and Evolution
http://www.unifr.ch/biol/ecology/
Department of Biology – Plant Biology http://www.unifr.ch/plantbiology/
Université de Genève Department of Botany and Plant Biology – Plant Biochemistry and Physiology http://www.unige.ch/sciences/biologie/biveg/accueil_en.html
Department of Botany and Plant Biology – Luis Lopez-Molina http://www.unige.ch/sciences/biologie/bioveg/lopezmolina/Site/Welcome.html
Department of Molecular Biology – Chloroplast biogenesis and photosynthesis http://www.molbio.unige.ch/eng/research_groups/rochaix/lab
Université de Lausanne Department of Ecology and Evolution – Ecology and evolution of plant-insect interactions
http://www.unil.ch/dee/page84179_en.html
Department of Ecology and Evolution – Ecology and Evolution of Symbiotic Organisms http://www.unil.ch/dee/page7238_fr.html
Department of Fundamental Microbiology – Research Unit Keel http://www.unil.ch/dmf/page76186_en.html
Department of Plant Molecular Biology – The Paszkowski Lab http://www.unil.ch/dbmv/page42808_en.html
Department of Plant Molecular Biology – Dr. Philippe Reymond, MER http://www.unil.ch/dbmv/page13790_en.html
Université de Neuchâtel Laboratory of cell and molecular biology – Systemic resistance in maize
http://www2.unine.ch/lbmc/lang/en/systemic_resistance_in_maize
Laboratory of evolutionary botany (EVO-BOT) – Invasion biology http://www2.unine.ch/evobot/invasion_biology
Laboratory of evolutionary botany (EVO-BOT) – Gene flow between cultivated plants and wild relatives http://www2.unine.ch/evobot/gene_flow_between_cultivated_plants_and_wild_relatives
University of Zürich Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies – Plant Community Ecology
http://www.ieu.uzh.ch/research/ecology/community.html
Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies – Soil Ecology & Global Change http://www.ieu.uzh.ch/research/ecology/soil.html
Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies – Environmental Education & Perception http://www.ieu.uzh.ch/research/ecology/education.html
Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies – Biology of Species Interactions http://www.ieu.uzh.ch/research/ecology/species.html
Institute of Plant Biology – Molecular Plant Biology / Phytopathology http://www.botinst.uzh.ch/research/genetics.html
University of Basel Botanical Institute – Section Plant Physiology
http://plantbiology.unibas.ch/
http://www.biogeography.unibas.ch/
Institut für Natur-, Landschafts- und Umweltschutz (NLU) – Biogeographie http://www.conservation.unibas.ch/
Section of Conservation Biology
Programm Mensch, Gesellschaft, Umwelt (MGU)
http://www.programm-mgu.ch/de/home.html
University of St. Gallen Institute for Economy and the Environment
http://www.iwoe.unisg.ch/
Center for Customer Insight (CCI-HSG) http://www.fci.unisg.ch/
Institute for Systemic Management and Public Governance http://www.imp.unisg.ch/

Universities of Applied Sciences
The Universities of Applied Sciences concentrate on applied research and development and pursue the establishment of close contacts between their laboratories and those in the private sector.
The cooperation between the Universities of Applied Sciences and the private sector has developed rapidly over the past 10 years.

• Bern University of Applied Sciences – School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Science
University of Applied Sciences Changins – Education and training in viticulture, oenology and arboriculture
• Haute Ecole Spécialisée de Suisse occidentale (HES-SO) – Haute école du paysage, d’ingénierie et d’architecture de Genève (hepia) – Institut Terre-Nature-Environnement
Zurich University of Applied SciencesSchool of Life Sciences and Facility Management
• Haute Ecole Spécialisée de Suisse occidentale (HES-SO) – HES-SO Valais – Institute of Life Technologies

Private Agricultural Research
Switzerland is noted for its important worldwide chemical and life-sciences industry which, among other things, is involved in the agricultural business throughout the world, whether in the area of genetics, plant protection, animal health or fertilizers. In relation to the globalization of trade, industry is undergoing notable reorganization and reorientation with a world-wide reallocation of production and research activities. This industry invests considerable funds in basic and applied research and development both at home and abroad.

Additional links to other Swiss organizations involved in Agricultural Research can be found by SFIAR Swiss Node.

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  SCAR meetings.

The SCAR plenary meetings are normally organised twice a year. Thirteen meetings have been held so far since February 2005.

The next meeting is scheduled on: [read more]
  Contact info.

The SCAR committee is supported by a Secretariat with staff from the Commission's Directorate-General for Research and staff made available to SCAR from Member States (‘virtual secretariat’). The Secretariat is in charge of the preparation and follow-up of forum meetings (e.g. coordination of the agenda, invitation, documents for the meeting, minutes) and provides assistance to the working groups.
Contact person: François Constantin.