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SCAR - National Research Systems - Belgium
Introduction
Agricultural research in Belgium should be considered in its broadest sense: sustainable production, diet and nutrition, food safety, ecology, regional development and landscape management.
Since 2001, the Regions (Walloon, Flemish and Brussels) have been responsible for agricultural policy, which was formerly under Federal authority. The responsibilities include not only agriculture in itself, but also agro-industry as well as natural resources and environment. A few domains remain the responsibility of the Federal State, for instance food chain safety and animal health, including animal welfare.
Research policy is managed both by the federal level and at the communities
Federal authority

Federal Administrations in charge of agricultural research
Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment
Federal Science Policy
• Sustainable Development Department (French / Dutch)

Funding
Federal Science Policy
Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (contractual research)

Scientific institutions, research centres and policy
Food Agency – AFSCA-FAVV
Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical Models
National Botanic Garden of Belgium
• Scientific Institute of Public Health www.wiv-isp.be
• Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre http://www.coda-cerva.be/

Flanders
Flanders’ agricultural research - in its broadest sense - is under the authority of four policy fields of the Ministry of Flanders. Together they host a wide range of scientific institutions, research institutions and policy research centres, and take care of research funding in many forms. Structural funding is given to universities, schools of higher education, agricultural & horticultural high schools, agricultural centres of excellence and centres of demonstration. Besides, project based funding is being organised, as well as the funding of individual researchers.

Administrations
Agriculture and Fisheries (Landbouw en Visserij)
Environment, Natureand Energy (Leefmilieu en Natuur)
Economy, Sciences and Technological Innovation (Wetenschap en Innovatie)
Educationand Training (Onderwijs)
FlemishCouncil forScienceandInnovation (VRWI - Vlaamse Raad voor Wetenschap en Innovatie)
Funding
• Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT)
Research Foundation Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen)
Flemish Interuniversity Council – University Development Cooperation
• Ministry of Flanders – Higher Education and Scientific Research Administration

Research Centres dealing with Agronomy and Environment
Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO)
Plant sciences unit
Animal sciences unit
Technology and food science unit
Social sciences unit
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Flemish Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB – Vlaams instituut voor Biotechnologie)
Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO - Vlaams Instituut voor Technologisch Onderzoek)
Institute for Plant Biotechnology for Developing Countries
National Botanic Garden of Belgium (NPB – Nationale Plantentuin van België)
Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ – Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee)
Centre for Research and Conservation (CRC) of the Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp (RZSA)

Universities and university colleges
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven – Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
° Centre for Fruit Breeding (Fruitteeltcentrum)
° Centre forAnimalHusbandry (Zoötechnisch Centrum)
• Ghent University
° Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
° Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
° Faculty of Science
Information Centre forApiculture
• Vrije Universiteit Brussel
° Faculty of Science – Viral Genetics
° Faculty of Science – Plant Genetics
• Universiteit Hasselt
° Department of Chemistry-Biology-Geography
° Centre for Environmental Sciences
Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine
Hogeschool Gent
Hogeschool West-Vlaanderen
Katholieke Hogeschool Kempen (KH Kempen)
Katholieke Hogeschool Leuven
Experimental stations
Inagro
° Proefcentrum Hoogstraten
° Proefstation voor de Groenteteelt
° Provinciaal Proefcentrum voor de Groenteteelt Oost-Vlaanderen
° Nationale Proeftuin voor Witloof
° Proefcentrum voor Fruitteelt
Proefcentrum voor Sierteelt
Landbouwcentrum voor Granen, Eiwitrijke Gewassen, Oliehoudende Zaden en Kleine Industriegewassen
Interprovinciaal Proefcentrum voor de Aardappelteelt
Flanders Centre of Postharvest Technology (VCBT - Vlaams Centrum voor Bewaring van Tuinbouwproducten)
Coordinationcentres in animalproduction

Wallonia and Belgian French Community

In Wallonia, agricultural research – in its broadest sense – is under the authority of the Ministry of the Walloon Region (www.wallonie.be) which is involved in defining needs and priorities, in evaluating and following up projects and in financing research. With regard to agricultural higher education, it is under the responsibility of the Belgian French Community (http://www.federation-wallonie-bruxelles.be )

Administration and Funding
Competencies in the agricultural sector rely on different Ministries and General Directorates of the Walloon Region:

Walloon Ministry of Public Works, Agriculture, Rural Affairs, Nature, Forestand Heritage.
Walloon Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning, Mobility, Transport andderelictsites.
Directorate General for Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment (DGO3)
Directorate General for Economy, Employment and Research (DG06)
Gateway to Research and Technologies in Wallonia
Gateway to Environment in Wallonia
WAGRALIM, Agro-industry cluster: destined for industrial and scientific actors in the agro-food sector. It centralizes information on about 80 research groups
The Fonds National de la RechercheScientifique finances fundamental research in Research Centres and French speaking Belgian Universities From Wallonia and Brussels (see below)

Research Centres dealing with Agronomy and Environment
Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W)
° Life Sciences Department
° Production and Sectors Department
° Agriculture and Natural Environment Department
° Valorisation of Agricultural Products Department
Research Centre for Nature, Forests and Wood. (CRNFB)
Scientific Institute of Public Service (ISSEP)
Rural Economics Centre (CER)
Centre for Agricultural and agro-industry in the province of Hainaut (CARAH)

Universities
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL)
° Biological, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering Faculty
° Science Faculty
University of Liège (ULg)
° Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech
° Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
° Faculty of Science
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
° Faculty of Sciences
° Bioingeneers School
University of Namur (FUNDP-Namur)
° Faculty of Sciences
University of Mons-Hainaut (UMH)
° Faculty of Science An exhaustive list of all universities and schools of higher education can be found on the website of the Belgian French Community.

Brussels

Administrations and Institutes
• Economics and Employment Administration – General Directorate– Agriculture Unit.
Brussels Institute for Environmental Management
The Brussels Institute for the Research and Innovation (IRSIB-IWOIB)
The Fonds National de la RechercheScientifique finances fundamental research in Research Centres and French speaking Belgian Universities From Wallonia and Brussels (see below)

Other useful links
Belgium: Belgian portal for research and innovation
Flanders: overview of research projects

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Switzerland
  SCAR meetings.

The SCAR plenary meetings are normally organised twice a year. Thirteen meetings have been held so far since February 2005.

The next meeting is scheduled on: [read more]
  Contact info.

The SCAR committee is supported by a Secretariat with staff from the Commission's Directorate-General for Research and staff made available to SCAR from Member States (‘virtual secretariat’). The Secretariat is in charge of the preparation and follow-up of forum meetings (e.g. coordination of the agenda, invitation, documents for the meeting, minutes) and provides assistance to the working groups.
Contact person: François Constantin.