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Ergoefficient mechanised logging operations

The objective of Ergowood is to give the European logging industry a better
competitiveness through development of the organisation of logging operations and
its machinery. Mechanisation is one way to reduce costs in logging. The project is to develop guidelines on ergonomic matters for users, buyers and manufacturers of forest machinery. The work promotes the development of safe and efficient forest machinery, to be easy to use and maintain, as well as the improvement of the sustainability of human resources.

The objective of ErgoWood is to give the European logging industry a better
competitiveness through development of the organisation of logging operations and
its machinery. The project intends to find and share good examples of work.

Results show the importance of the regional context, which may affect very much the path found at the national level. As an example, employment in the logging sector is decreasing in France but the trend can be locally different. Another main result is the great influence of the behaviour of the stakeholders of the forestwood sector. Pulp mills had and still have a major role, while the one of forest cooperatives is becoming more important. Training seems rather a follower in the process of mechanisation rather than a proactive actor.
In Poland, the most important factors hampering or making impossible the success of forest firms were:
lack of managerial abilities in directing staff
lack of knowledge of forests
lack of education (especially economic and managerial)
lack of capital
difficult capital and economic market in Poland
lack of regulations for insurance of workplaces.
Three established procedures for assessing the ergonomics of forest machines were evaluated by engineers experienced mostly in the German procedure. The largest dissimilarities exist in the rating schemes. The German procedure assesses most of the different aspects on a pass or fail basis while the other two result in ergonomic profiles considering severity and exposition. A working measurement method was developed
based mainly on the Nordic procedure and complemented with items and sub-elements from the other two. The working method was used for measurements on five forest machines and the ergonomics of the machines were assessed according to the three procedures thus enhancing the test engineers' knowledge of the different assessment procedures. Their experiences were documented. Problems calling for improvements as well as advantages of the different assessment procedures are discussed. Recommendations for the development of European ergonomic guidelines for forest machines are given. A combination of the three procedures together with some methods improvements is expected to support the European ergonomic guidelines for forest machines to be developed.

Classified in FORESTRY

Scientist responsible for the project

Vallvaegen 10 Box 7060
750 07 UPPSALA
Sweden - SE

Phone: +46 18 673818
Fax: +46 18 673800


Project ID QLRT-2001-01190
Organisation Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Area 5.3.2
Start date
Duration (months) 36
Total cost 3 100 005 €
Total EC contribution   1 735 760 €
Status Ongoing
Web address of the project

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