The aim of the idara project was to identify key problems and discuss strategies for an integrated development of agriculture and rural areas in three Central European countries acceding to the EU (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland). The research called for cross-national and interdisciplinary work with a need to integrate a number of methodological tools.The research had to investigate the general functioning of the rural economies, where agriculture plays an important role but is not a synonym for 'rural'.
The project set out to imporve understanding of interdependent areas that have not been adequately addressed so far by research. These were:
the identification of adequate policy measures and institutional structures for the introduction of an integrated rural development policy
a thorough analysis of non-agricultural farm diversification and its potential role in rural development
an analysis of variations in farm performance
the development of a simulation model to estimate the impact of different policy measures on agricultural production, budgets and income, and its consequences for rural development strategies.
This project will assist the integration of the first 'wave' of the CEEC's rural areas into the European Union. This will be achieved by:
1) identifying optimum rural development measures, supporting institutional structures and drawing policy recommendations for the CEEC that reflect their specific conditions
2) identifying the key factors that shape farm diversification for CEEC rural areas' development purposes
3) developing a simulation model for the CEEC that allows estimation of the impact of alternative policy scenarios on production, consumption, net trade, income and budget costs
4) enhancing co-operation between the EU and CEEC researchers and the transfer of knowledge.
During the first two years, research will be conducted in some areas. The final year will be used to integrate results by country and to draw conclusions for the CAP and the EU rural development policy.
Over the last decade the focus of rural development has shifted from a sectoral to a territorial focus. The different policies relevant in rural areas have impacts not only on the initial policy objective but also on the policy objectives of other rural policy areas. These effects can be both enhancing and inhibiting. idara research has provided crucial evidence for these effects in its sectoral analysis and competitiveness research as well as in the work on rural development measures and farm diversification. The necessity for a truly integrated rural development policy is therefore evident. Integration is key to achieve the maximum positive impact of the package of rural development policies. Only an integrated policy strategy can lead to integrated development of agriculture and rural areas. The idara research findings can now be incorporated into recommendations for the integrated development of agriculture and rural areas.
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Scientist responsible for the project
||Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitaet Bonn
||01 February 2000
||1 980 000 €
|Total EC contribution
||990 000 €