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BIOREFINERY 2
Green chemicals and biopolymers from rapeseed meal with enhanced end-performances

Expansion of the production and use of European oilseeds as biological raw materials in green chemicals and polymers will enhance end-use performances of meals and proteins in versatile markets. Evaluating the uses of oilseed protein products in innovative markets (floor coverings, insulation, cosmetics, paper coating), the multidisciplinary approach of the project shows clear market-led and industrial guidance. Consideration of the whole processing chain (protein processing, innovative protein modifications, end-use performances and market) will ensure that economic, social and environmental benefits (naturally based materials, modified proteins for paper industry and cosmetics, improved processing) will meet social and consumer demands for more competitive agriculture, sound environmental products and processes. The project team includes 15 partners, seven from industry (SME) and eight RTD from six European Union members.

Objectives
The main objectives of the project are:
1) to evaluate the market and the competitive position of EU oilseed proteins in non-food markets
2) to improve the quality of industrial rapeseed meal by developing a new oil extraction process
3) to improve knowledge of the structure/function relationship of the various protein types in rapeseed, as native or modified protein
4) to develop a protein extraction process adapted to rapeseed meal and the provision of high quality proteins
5) to develop modification processes to enhance and diversify protein functionality
6) to evaluate the potential of protein-enriched fractions for glues, adhesives, coatings and films
7) to evaluate the potential of protein enriched fractions as surfactants for cosmetics, detergents and wetting agents.

Progress to Date
Efforts were pursued on economic aspects of Work Package 1 to evaluate some market niches for rapeseed proteins, and to develop some costing models relative to the processes developed by the research partners. Deoiling processes were performed and new potentials for experimental and industrial meals were examined (Work Package 2). Pilot extraction processing for oil and proteins was developed through innovative procedures (Work Package 5). Concerning more basic research, besides the purification of some new proteins, the DNA fingerprinting of varieties based on microsatellite analysis was performed to produce useful and complementary information regarding the allelic sizes in different rapeseed varieties tested (Work Package 3). The chemical and enzymatic modifications of the proteins, at laboratory and pilot scales, were assayed in Work Package 4. Protein materials were tested in end-uses assays in Work Packages 6 and 7).

Results
Costing models on oil and protein extraction processes have been developed. The requirements for market opportunities were identified in adhesive, wood products and surfactants industries, and for biocides uses. Some industrial interest for rapeseed proteins could be clearly identified for adhesive and glues in the manufacture of particle board.
The production of 3-D objects, using rapeseed meal with a combination of extrusion cooking and moulding, appeared to be feasible at pilot scale (20 kg). Investigations on biocidal effects suggested that non-blanched rapeseed meal has potential as a biocide against some fungal pathogens.

Classified in ARABLE CROPS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS

Scientist responsible for the project

Dr JACQUES GUEGUEN
Rue de la Géraudière Box 71627
44316 Nantes CEDEX 03
France - FR

Phone: +33 2 40 67 50 32
Fax: +33 2 40 67 50 25
E-mail: gueguen@nantes.inra.fr

References

Project ID QLRT-1999-01442
Organisation INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE
Area 5.2
Start date 01 February 2000
Duration (months) 36
Total cost 2 371 296 €
Total EC contribution   1 229 997 €
Status Completed

The partners

  • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V., Germany - DE
    bor@ivv.fhg.de
  • Schmidt & Sohn GmbH, Germany - DE
  • Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Oléagineux, France - FR
    evrard@cetiom.fr
  • THE ROYAL VETERINARY AND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, Denmark - DK
    hils@kvl.dk
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