Important legal notice
Contact   |   Search on Europa   
 
EU-AgriNet
SEARCH ON EU‑AGRINET  Links | Contacts | Disclaimer Printer Friendly
graphic element

Projects in area: CROP PESTS AND DISEASES

Resistance of spruce to root and Butt Rot disease
RESROBS - (QLRT-2000-00241)
This research explores resistance to infection by Heterobasidion spp. in clones of Norway and Sitka spruce. Clones will be inoculated with H. annosum, H. parviporum or H. abietinum and the extent of pathogen growth and lesion development measured. Resistance of clones will be related to qualitative analysis of terpenes. Quantitative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, GENOMICS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Modelling of heterobasidion infection in European forests: A decision-support tool for the forest manager
MOHIEF - (QLRT-2000-00244)
This project will bring together a range of experts to prepare a prototype decision-support tool for determining losses to Heterobasidion infection and decay in the range of forest types found in Europe. The project will establish the output requirements of the end users, collate the biological and management inputs required and construct a ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Development of improved pest risk analysis techniques for quarantine organisms using pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, in Portugal as a model
PHRAME - (QLRT-2001-00672)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Development of environmental modules for evaluation of toxicity of pesticide residues in agriculture
DEMETRA - (QLRT-2001-00691)
The major objective of the Demetra project is to produce an information technology (IT) -based system for toxicity prediction in pesticides and related compounds, which will be used for pesticide evaluation within the dossier preparation for pesticide registration. All pesticides require experimental data for their evaluation, and the software cannot ... More (full abstract).
 
Chitosan activates resistance against pathogens after exposure: Production of chitosans from shrimp shells for applications in plant disease protection
CHITOSAN - (QLRT-2000-00777)
The purpose of this project is to develop and exploit the economic and ecological potential of the abundant biological raw material, chitin, isolated from waste shrimp shells, which will be up-graded into chemically and biologically well-defined chitosans. These biocompatible, biodegradable, non-allergenic, non-toxic chitosans will be tested for their ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING, GENOMICS
Introduction of broadleaf species for sustainable forest management
SUSTMAN - (QLRT-2001-00851)
Norway spruce has been widely planted in Europe since the second half of the 19th century. Extensive monotonous spruce plantations dominate large parts of the forested landscape in Western and Central Europe with a management system based on clear-cutting. The Norway spruce is sensitive to pests, wind throw, pollution and drought which results in irregular ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Global change and pine processionary moth: A new challenge for integrated pest management
PROMOT - (QLRT-2001-00852)
The pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) is considered among the most important limiting factors for both growth and survival of pine forests in southern Europe and Mediterranean countries. In recent years, the species has shown a tendency to expand its range to upper latitude and elevation, probably because of the global warming ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Exploiting the genomes of diverse pseudomonas biocontrol strains for sustainable agriculture, to protect the environment and to Improve Human Health by Production of Healthy Food
PSEUDOMICS - (QLRT-2001-00914)
The success of agriculture in the European Union in producing healthy food is highly dependent on the suppression of phytopathogens, which cause major crop losses and decrease the quality of food. Biocontrol forms an environment-friendly alternative for chemical pesticides, the use of which is being strongly restricted in the EU since they are often ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Potato late blight network for Europe
EUCABLIGHT - (QLRT-2001-00971)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Development of biocontrol agents for commercial application against post-harvest diseases of Perishable Foods
BIOPOSTHARVEST - (QLRT-1999-01065)
Post-harvest diseases of perishable commodities represent one of the most severe causes of loss and quality reduction in the EU. The development of environment-friendly methods of disease control as substitutes for chemicals is an important modern aim. Biological control using microbial antagonists is the most promising alternative. The main aim of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT
Threat to European maize production by invasive quarantine pest, Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera)
DIABROTICA - (QLRT-1999-01110)
Key processes enabling the recently introduced maize pest, the western corn rootworm (WCR), to invade central parts of Europe and possibilities for controlling this species will be examined by seven partners. Each of the partners offers expertise in crop management, plant-insect interactions, natural enemy evaluation, risk management and biotechnological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS
Standard test kits incorporating novel antibody fusion proteins to detect harmful viruses
AFPTEST - (QLRT-1999-01116)
Test kits based on novel antibody fusion proteins (AFP) will be produced for the rapid, reliable and harmonised detection of three plant viruses of statutory or quarantine importance within the European Union. The AFP were obtained by recombinant DNA methods, and large quantities will be produced in vitro using heterologous expression systems. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GENOMICS
Protecting biodiversity through the development of environmentally sustainable locust and grasshopper control
ESLOCO - (QLRT-1999-01118)
Locusts and grasshoppers are significant pests in several parts of Europe and neighbouring regions. Current control methods rely on broad-spectrum chemical pesticides and many thousands of hectares are sprayed each year, often in areas of high conservation value. The aim of this proposal is to reduce the environmental impact of these control operations ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Development of an optical detection system for diseases in field crops with a view to reducing pesticides by targeted application
OPTIDIS - (QLRT-1999-01280)
Crop protection represents one of the highest costs for farm budgets. Farmers are under increasing social and economic pressure to dramatically reduce pesticide use. Although most weed and disease infestations occur in patches, the most widely used practice is to spray pesticides uniformly. In this project, a ground-based real-time remote sensing system ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Integrated pest management strategies incorporating biocontrol for European oilseed rape pests
MASTER - (QLRT-2000-01447)
Crop protection in oilseed rape, a major European crop, currently relies on pesticides and lags behind recent scientific advances. MASTER will construct and evaluate, through a trans-European collaborative experiment, economically viable and environmentally less harmful Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Strategies for the crop that maximise biological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Development of diagnostic tools and host plant resistance to control the rapid spread of lettuce big-vein and ring necrosis disease in leafy vegetables
DISCOVAR - (QLRT-1999-01471)
Lettuce big-vein and leaf necrosis disease are the most serious of soil-born, fungus-transmitted, viral diseases in leafy vegetables in Europe. They are extremely difficult to control because of the lack of major resistance genes in the current varieties and the persistence of resting spores of the fungal vectors, Olpidium brassicae. Direct ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, SOIL
High-quality disease-resistant apples for a sustainable agriculture
HiDRAS - (QLRT-2001-01492)
European apple production needs up to 20 fungicide sprays per year to cope with pathogens. All resistant varieties have poor fruit quality so they are not well accepted by growers and consumers. HiDRAS aims at providing tools to combine resistance with fruit quality, leading to the diffusion of new resistant cultivars and to a substantial reduction ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Verticillium wilt in tree species - Developing essential elements for integrated and innovative management strategies
VERTICILLIUM WILT IN TREES - (QLRT-1999-01523)
Verticillium wilt is of increasing significance in European agriculture, especially in tree hosts such as olive and stone fruits, and in shade tree nurseries. More efficient and environmentally sound strategies are needed to manage this disease. The research will concentrate on pathogen variability, host resistance, and detection and risk assessment. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, FORESTRY, SOIL, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Improved diagnostic tools for the certification of strawberry propagation material
VIRUS DETECTOR - (QLRT-1999-01553)
Viruses constitute a significant threat to the strawberry industry, causing severe economic losses. These viruses include the causal agents of quarantine diseases of major economic importance, such as crinkle, mottle, vein banding, and mild yellow edge disease. Rapid and simple methods for the detection of the major aphid-borne strawberry viruses are ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, GENOMICS
Risks associated with Tilletia indica, the newly listed EU quarantine pathogen, the cause of Karnaval Bunt of wheat
KARNAL BUNT RISKS - (QLRT-1999-01554)
There are risks posed to European Union wheat by Tilletia indica, which is the cause of karnal bunt. T. indica does not occur in Europe but is intercepted on wheat imports and threatens wheat quality, yield and exports. Legislation to protect EU wheat was enforced in 1997, based on a theoretical pest risk analysis (PRA). International ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Induction of pathogen resistance in fruit trees by transiently altering the flavonoid metabolism with specific enzyme inhibitors
ERWINIA - (QLRT-1999-01583)
Apple and pear trees, treated with the plant growth regulator prohexadione-Ca, are significantly less affected by fire blight (a bacterial disease), and by scab (caused by a fungus). Initial results indicate that prohexadione-Ca, which is inactive as a bactericide or fungicide, transiently alters the spectrum of endogenous flavonoids and related substances, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FRUIT
Integrated, non-fungicidal control of Melampsora rusts in renewable energy willow plantations
BIOMASS WILLOW RUST - (QLRT-1999-01585)
Rust, caused by Melampsora, is the most serious problem for the willow (Salix), a main renewable energy crop and important vegetation for conservation in Europe. The European Union is committed to a 15% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2010 and a large increase of energy production from renewable sources is expected. Economic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Tree shape and foliage volume map-guided precision orchard sprayer
PRECI SPRAY - (QLRT-1999-01630)
Matching spray volume and direction to tree sizes and shapes can reduce chemical application, thus reducing operational costs and environmental pollution by 30% or more. A tree-specific, variable-volume, precision orchard sprayer guided by foliage shape and volume map is proposed. Tree maps will be obtained by a novel 3-D aerial survey method, converted ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Novel tools for developing fusarium-resistant and toxin-free wheat for Europe
FUCOMYR - (QLRT-2000-02044)
Fusarium fungi cause a great problem in the complete cereal food and feed chain because they contaminate the grain with mycotoxins, which cause serious illness and immuno-repression in humans and animals. This mycotoxin problem is the result of events at the start of the food chain, due to fungal infestation during crop growth, while the negative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Feasibility of a European Union plant health directive (77/93/EEC): Diagnostic chip
DIAG CHIP - (QLRT-2000-02270)
This project will investigate the feasibility of producing a diagnostic chip for the simultaneous detection of all the plant pests/pathogens present in the European Union Plant Health Directive, using quarantine potato pests as a model system. The project will establish methods for detection of quarantine pathogens in plant tissue using gene chip technology. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
European extension network for the development of grain legume production in the European Union
GL-PRO - (QLRT-2001-02418)
The aim of this project is to contribute to the development of European grain legume production, as a major source of protein-rich material for animal feed. The general approach is to support the coordination of extension networks already financed at a national or regional level, to enable the pooling of data to facilitate common harmonised standards, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Natural oxylipins and defence in ornamentals
NODO - (QLRT-2000-02445)
The purpose of this project is to engineer plant oxylipin synthesis in vitro to assess their usefulness as 'green' antimicrobial and pesticidal chemoprotectants. Plant oxylipin biosynthesis will be manipulated in vivo to modify defence reactions for improved resistance to pests and pathogens. As a result of this work, an 'oxylipin tool ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GENOMICS
Harmonised and standardised procedures for evaluation of plant protection products, fertilisers and soil conditioners for use in organic agriculture
ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION - (QLRT-2001-02565)
The use of Plant Protection Products (PPP) and Fertilisers and Soil Conditioners (F&SC) in organic agriculture is regulated by the Council Regulation EEC 2092/91, Annex II. This regulation is of crucial importance to consumer perception of organic products and for the farmers' yield, income and competitiveness. However, the implementation of Annex ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL
Development of a systems approach for the management of late blight in EU organic potato production
Blight - MOP - (QLRT-1999-31065)
Potato late blight causes substantial economic losses in organic production systems throughout the European Union. This means that the ban on copper fungicides will substantially increase farmers' losses, unless suitable alternative blight management strategies are developed. Potato is a major cash crop for many European organic farming businesses. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Sustainability, product safety and quality in cereals:Development of novel quantitative models for risk assessment for mycotoxigenic fusarium species
RAMFIC - (QLRT-1999-31517)
Ear blight, caused by several Fusarium species, is a significant threat to wheat production in the European Union. The distribution and predominance of the species are mainly determined by climatic conditions. Fusarium species can produce a range of mycotoxins, which may pose a considerable health threat to consumers. This project aims ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Sustainable control of the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), a new invasive pest of Aesculus hippocastanum in Europe
CONTROCAM - (QLRT-1999-31684)
The horse chestnut leaf-miner (Cameraria ohridella) is a member of the lepidopteran family Gracillariidae and was recorded for the first time in Macedonia in 1985 attacking horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) near Lake Ohrid. This moth was described as a new species of the genus Cameraria by Deschka and Dimic (1986). Totally ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Illustration
MORE


List by