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Projects in area: FRUIT

Development of industrial solutions for the recycling and valorization of the olive oil fabrication residues for biopolymers and fine chemicals
BIOOLIVE - (QLRT-2000-00766)
The olive oil industry is a major activity in Southern Europe and the Mediterraneen bassin, which produces 95% of the world olive oil, 2.4 Mt, and 30 Mt of solid/liquid residues, "alpeorujo".The project will develop new processes to valorize the alpeorujo in the biopolymer and fine chemical industries. The lignine and cellulose contained in the solid ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Development of biocontrol agents for commercial application against post-harvest diseases of Perishable Foods
BIOPOSTHARVEST - (QLRT-1999-01065)
Post-harvest diseases of perishable commodities represent one of the most severe causes of loss and quality reduction in the EU. The development of environment-friendly methods of disease control as substitutes for chemicals is an important modern aim. Biological control using microbial antagonists is the most promising alternative. The main aim of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Engineering durable pathogen resistance in grapevine: A novel strategy for integrated disease management to overcome environmental impacts of pesticides
RESISTANCE IN GRAPEVINE - (QLRT-2000-01183)
Grapevine is one of the major horticulture crops grown in temperate climates that is exposed to attacks from a variety of pathogens, including viruses. Viruses cause heavy crop losses, costing several million euros each year, so there is a necessity for developing a novel approach for disease control. This project will generate biologically safe, virus-resistant ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE
Control of flowering time for sustainable and competitive agriculture, and forestry
CONFLOW - (QLRT-2000-01412)
This project will bring together European academia and the biotech-industry to address several related agricultural and forestry problems. Widely applicable genetic tools that will allow the control of flowering time in a wide variety of plant species will be developed. Novel breeding tools for woody species will make traditional plant breeding programmes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, GENOMICS
Sustainable production of transgenic strawberry plants, ethical consequences and potential effects on producers, environment and consumers
TSP-EEES - (QLRT-1999-01479)
The main purpose of this project is to develop a genetically modified strawberry (GMFRS) cultivar that is more resistant to Botrytis cinerea (grey mould) for commercial production in organic agriculture. The GMFRS cultivar is expected to increase yield, reduce the use of toxic fungicides and increase strawberry quality leading to economic competitiveness. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS
High-quality disease-resistant apples for a sustainable agriculture
HiDRAS - (QLRT-2001-01492)
European apple production needs up to 20 fungicide sprays per year to cope with pathogens. All resistant varieties have poor fruit quality so they are not well accepted by growers and consumers. HiDRAS aims at providing tools to combine resistance with fruit quality, leading to the diffusion of new resistant cultivars and to a substantial reduction ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Verticillium wilt in tree species - Developing essential elements for integrated and innovative management strategies
VERTICILLIUM WILT IN TREES - (QLRT-1999-01523)
Verticillium wilt is of increasing significance in European agriculture, especially in tree hosts such as olive and stone fruits, and in shade tree nurseries. More efficient and environmentally sound strategies are needed to manage this disease. The research will concentrate on pathogen variability, host resistance, and detection and risk assessment. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY, SOIL, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Improved diagnostic tools for the certification of strawberry propagation material
VIRUS DETECTOR - (QLRT-1999-01553)
Viruses constitute a significant threat to the strawberry industry, causing severe economic losses. These viruses include the causal agents of quarantine diseases of major economic importance, such as crinkle, mottle, vein banding, and mild yellow edge disease. Rapid and simple methods for the detection of the major aphid-borne strawberry viruses are ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, GENOMICS
Induction of pathogen resistance in fruit trees by transiently altering the flavonoid metabolism with specific enzyme inhibitors
ERWINIA - (QLRT-1999-01583)
Apple and pear trees, treated with the plant growth regulator prohexadione-Ca, are significantly less affected by fire blight (a bacterial disease), and by scab (caused by a fungus). Initial results indicate that prohexadione-Ca, which is inactive as a bactericide or fungicide, transiently alters the spectrum of endogenous flavonoids and related substances, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
The future of olive plantation systems on sloping and mountainous land: Scenarios for production and natural resource conservation
OLIVERO - (QLRT-2001-01841)
Since Roman times, the olive orchards on sloping and mountainous land in Southern Europe have formed a major source of income and employment, with the production systems being economically and environmentally sustainable. This situation has now been disturbed by factors such as migration, competition from intensive lowland production and from non-European ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Integrated biological treatment and agricultural re-use of olive mill effluents with the concurrent recovery of energy sources
BIOTROLL - (QLRT-2001-02344)
The olive pulp generated during the two-phase processing of olive oil contains almost 80% (per dry weight) carbohydrates and, thus, could be an ideal substrate for the production of energy in the form of ethanol, hydrogen and biogas (methane). Very limited research has so far been conducted into making value out of this waste. This project will analyse ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Architectural engineering in the tomato
OPTOMIZE - (QLRT-1999-30357)
The greenhouse production of tomatoes is a key agricultural activity in several European countries. Although traditional breeding has produced high-yielding tomato varieties, several unresolved problems reduce efficiency. For example, side shoots have to be removed manually because they reduce yield from the main stem, and the non-uniformity of flowering ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE
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