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Projects in area: HORTICULTURE

Copolymers of tannins and waste lignocellulosic materials with synthetic materials for non-toxic, environment-friendly chromesbstitutes in leather tanning
TANNINS - (QLRT-1999-00913)
Toxic chrome salts are used for the production of 70% of today's soft leather. The project proposes synthesising copolymers of non-toxic vegetable tannins and waste lignocellulosic materials (both derived from the forestry industry) with (i) acrylic acid, (ii) aminoplastic resins, and (iii) by reacting natural vegetable tannins with small amounts of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, SOIL
Development of a model-based decision support system to optimise nitrogen use in horticultural crop rotations across Europe
EUROTATE_N - (QLRT-2001-01100)
Most fresh vegetables within Europe are produced in intensive rotations, which rely heavily on large inputs of nitrogen from fertiliser or organic sources to maintain the yield and quality of produce demanded by its customers. Most field vegetable crops use nitrogen inefficiently and often leave large residues of nitrogen (either as unused fertiliser ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Engineering durable pathogen resistance in grapevine: A novel strategy for integrated disease management to overcome environmental impacts of pesticides
RESISTANCE IN GRAPEVINE - (QLRT-2000-01183)
Grapevine is one of the major horticulture crops grown in temperate climates that is exposed to attacks from a variety of pathogens, including viruses. Viruses cause heavy crop losses, costing several million euros each year, so there is a necessity for developing a novel approach for disease control. This project will generate biologically safe, virus-resistant ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FRUIT
Genetic evaluation of European rose resources for conservation and horticultural use
GENEROSE - (QLRT-2001-01278)
This project focuses on the conservation and use of natural resources in the genus Rosa. Attempts to preserve rose gene pools without sufficient knowledge about the genetic background may counteract efforts to increase biodiversity, compromise the maintenance of (rare) indigenous species in landscaping and make it difficult to (re)introduce ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, GENOMICS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, COEXISTENCE
Management of soil health in horticulture using compost
COMPOST MANAGEMENT - (QLRT-2000-01442)
The use of compost in horticulture, as a soil amendment and nutrient source for plants and the soil microbial community, will contribute to the recycling of waste, and reduce the use of non-renewable artificial fertilisers. For many pot cultures, it will reduce the use of non-renewable peat, compared to other systems. Batches of compost will be tested ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL
Recycling horticultural wastes to produce pathogen suppressant composts for sustainable vegetable crop production
RECOVEG - (QLRT-2000-01458)
The purpose of this project is to investigate methods of recycling problem plant-based wastes. The work aims to determine the mechanism of disease suppression and to enhance the efficacy of composts. It will examine the plant growth and nutrition effects of using composted plant-based wastes in sustainable vegetable production and propagation. Controlled ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL
Development of diagnostic tools and host plant resistance to control the rapid spread of lettuce big-vein and ring necrosis disease in leafy vegetables
DISCOVAR - (QLRT-1999-01471)
Lettuce big-vein and leaf necrosis disease are the most serious of soil-born, fungus-transmitted, viral diseases in leafy vegetables in Europe. They are extremely difficult to control because of the lack of major resistance genes in the current varieties and the persistence of resting spores of the fungal vectors, Olpidium brassicae. Direct ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, SOIL
Making plants resistant to plant parasitic nematodes: no access - no feeding
NONEMA - (QLRT-1999-01501)
This project will build on preceding EU projects (BI04-CT96-0318, FAIRl-CT95-0905), by generating potato and tomato plants with robust and durable resistance to root knot and cyst nematodes. The resistance will be based on the creation of multiple barriers. As the basic mechanisms of plant-nematode interactions will be studied and disrupted, the outcome ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS
Seed treatments for organic vegetable production
STOVE - (QLRT-2001-02239)
With organic farming, it is difficult to produce pathogen-free seeds, and there is a lack of simple, effective, non-chemical methods for seed sanitation. This results in a substantial proportion of the seeds used by Europe's organic vegetable growers still being derived from conventional production, which since 2003 has been against regulations (EU ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Researching alternatives to fish oil for aquaculture
RAFOA - (QLRT-1999-30058)
Salmon, trout, sea bream and sea bass will be fed diets containing various blends of vegetable oils and fish oils with different levels of (n-3) and (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). 'Best practices' can then be recommended to the aquaculture industry for substituting fish oils with vegetable oils in fish feeds, thus facilitating continuing ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Architectural engineering in the tomato
OPTOMIZE - (QLRT-1999-30357)
The greenhouse production of tomatoes is a key agricultural activity in several European countries. Although traditional breeding has produced high-yielding tomato varieties, several unresolved problems reduce efficiency. For example, side shoots have to be removed manually because they reduce yield from the main stem, and the non-uniformity of flowering ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT
Asparagus: integrating research on decline in Europe
ASPIRE - (QLRT-1999-30861)
This project will form a network of European Union researchers, consultants and growers that specialises in asparagus, an EU crop valued at 950 million euros per annum. Decline is the most important pan-EU problem for asparagus growers and makes the crop unprofitable to grow. The factors that cause decline are both biotic and abiotic. Expertise from ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Overcoming barriers to conversion to organic farming in the European Union through markets for conversion products
CONVERSION - (QLRT-1999-31112)
The European Union currently imports substantial quantities of organic produce. Converting to organic agriculture is a risky decision for farmers, despite the support payments available. This project seeks to increase the conversion rate through the identification of existing constraints. Furthermore, in keeping with EU policy to encourage market mechanisms ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, ARABLE CROPS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Closed system for water and nutrient management in horticulture
CLOSYS - (QLRT-1999-31301)
Throughout Europe, current horticultural practices cause very large amounts of water and nutrients to be wasted in the environment. To avoid this, and to increase possibilities of controlling crop growth and quality, water and individual nutrients should be supplied independently and in proportion to the plant's needs, rather than supplying excessive ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Analysis and exploitation of germplasm resources using transposable element molecular markers
TEGERM - (QLRT-1999-31502)
The European Union is facing the challenge of improving the genetic diversity in European agriculture to enable it to respond to the demands of the next century. There is a wealth of genetic resources in European gene banks and the main obstacle to exploiting this biodiversity to the benefit of European agriculture is the difficulty in identifying ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, GENOMICS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Gastrointestinal functions and food intake regulation in salmonids: Impact of dietary vegetable lipids
GUTINTEGRITY - (QLRT-1999-31656)
Sustainable and ethical aquaculture is of future economic importance for the many rural areas of the European Union. To achieve this, the industry needs to lessen its dependence on fish meal and oil as a basis for fish feed. Vegetable lipids may be a major source of alternative energy for cultured fish, but current knowledge of their effects on the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Genetic diversity of wild crop relatives: Exploitation and efficiency of ex situ conservation of natural resources of wild lactuca species
LacNatRes - (QLRT-1999-31680)
Genetic resources of wild relatives are becoming increasingly important for crop improvement. Currently, there is an urgent need to optimise the access of the natural occurring genetic diversity to end-users for exploitation, and to improve the efficiency of managing wild crop relatives in ex situ collections. This project will focus on lettuce and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
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