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Projects in area: CEREALS

Microbial fixation of atmospheric nitrogen for staple food crops
MICROFIX - (QLRT-2001-00791)
The heavy use of inorganic fertilisers in arable farming has led to serious environmental problems. Organic farming methods require inputs of large volumes of organic material and yields do not compete with conventional farming. This project will research and develop new nitrogen (N) -fixing bacterial inoculants for cereal crops, which can substitute ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Genetic diversity in agriculture: Temporal flux, sustainable productivity and food security
GEDIFLUX - (QLRT-2000-00934)
The purpose of this project is to develop a scientifically based framework for determining any changes in genetic diversity over time in four very widely grown agricultural crops (wheat, barley, maize and potatoes). Any enlargement of the genetic base or genetic erosion that may have occurred over the past 60 years in these crops will be determined ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Modification of starch synthesis and yield in wheat endosperm
MOSSYWE - (QLRT-1999-01085)
The project focuses on factors that determine the concentration of adpglucose (ADPG) in wheat endosperm. ADPG is the immediate soluble substrate for starch synthesis in the amyloplast and affects both the rate of synthesis and the quality of starch produced. The expression of particular enzymes and amyloplastic translocators will be modified by the ... More (full abstract).
 
Threat to European maize production by invasive quarantine pest, Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera)
DIABROTICA - (QLRT-1999-01110)
Key processes enabling the recently introduced maize pest, the western corn rootworm (WCR), to invade central parts of Europe and possibilities for controlling this species will be examined by seven partners. Each of the partners offers expertise in crop management, plant-insect interactions, natural enemy evaluation, risk management and biotechnological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, GENOMICS
Efficient utilisation of forage maize by dairy cattle: Key plant parameters, genetic determinism, impact on milk production, Animal Behaviour and Environment
SILEGENEQUA - (QLRT-2000-01262)
Forage maize is a pillar component of ruminant diets. It is particularly important in dairy cattle where, due to its high energetic value, maize silage has a unique ability to provide sufficient energy to sustain milk production, and it increases the efficiency of milk production by improving milk yield and quality. This project will contribute to ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency towards a sustainable system of production
SUSTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01461)
Wheat requires a large input of chemicals to realise maximum yield. This is now a heavy burden on the farming industry as the European Union implements its Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) reforms, which will reduce cereal prices. This project proposes to develop wheat with enhanced inherent nitrogen use that will require less fertiliser input, thus ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
European rice: Transgenes for crop protection against fungal diseases
EURICE - (QLRT-1999-01484)
The purpose of this project is to improve and evaluate the use of genes expressed and involved in the resistance to fungal attack in the control of rice blast and other fungal diseases, which are major pests for rice in Europe. Selected resistance genes, under inducible or constitutive promoters, will be engineered to create new rice genotypes enhanced ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Risks associated with Tilletia indica, the newly listed EU quarantine pathogen, the cause of Karnaval Bunt of wheat
KARNAL BUNT RISKS - (QLRT-1999-01554)
There are risks posed to European Union wheat by Tilletia indica, which is the cause of karnal bunt. T. indica does not occur in Europe but is intercepted on wheat imports and threatens wheat quality, yield and exports. Legislation to protect EU wheat was enforced in 1997, based on a theoretical pest risk analysis (PRA). International ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Growth, vigour, environment: Molecular breeding for plant growth and yield
GVE - (QLRT-2000-01871)
Plant growth and crop yield are determined by the interaction of genotype with the environment, but little is known about the genes that control and contribute to growth, vigour and yield under different environmental conditions. The completed genome sequence of the model plant Arabidopsis, combined with innovative functional genomic strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Fate and toxicity of allelochemicals (natural plant toxins) in relation to environment and consumer
FATEALLCHEM - (QLRT-2000-01967)
In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the prospects of exploiting allelopathy as an alternative strategy for controlling weeds, insects and diseases. However, the environmental and toxicological consequences of this should be investigated. Well-described allelopathic properties of wheat combined with low environmental persistence and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Novel tools for developing fusarium-resistant and toxin-free wheat for Europe
FUCOMYR - (QLRT-2000-02044)
Fusarium fungi cause a great problem in the complete cereal food and feed chain because they contaminate the grain with mycotoxins, which cause serious illness and immuno-repression in humans and animals. This mycotoxin problem is the result of events at the start of the food chain, due to fungal infestation during crop growth, while the negative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Ensiling and grazing of energy-rich grasses with elevated sugar contents for the sustainable production of ruminant livestock
SWEETGRASS - (QLRT-1999-30498)
The project aims to provide a sound scientific basis for using novel grasses, bred for high sugar content using conventional breeding methods, in grassland-based agriculture. At certain times of the year, these grasses contain up to 400g sugar per kilo. It is proposed to use these grasses, both grazed and ensiled, on their own and in combination with ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, GRASSLAND, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Strategies of weed control in organic farming
WECOF - (QLRT-1999-31418)
The purpose of the proposal is to optimise weed control in organic farming with the emphasis on how to grow winter wheat while aiding weed suppression by indirect measures of weed control, rather than relying further on the development of physical weed control techniques. A core programme will focus on morphological features, row width and sowing direction, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Integrated control of polysaccharide and ligninbiosynthesis to improve cellulose content, availability and fibre quality
CELLULOSE CONTROL - (QLRT-1999-31493)
The proposal complies with the Common Agricultural Policy in the diversification of agriculture in the area of non-food and forage crops. It will lead to wealth-creating opportunities that are environmentally desirable in a number of developing industrial fields. It is designed as a core discovery programme using proteomics and will lead to gene isolation ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Analysis and exploitation of germplasm resources using transposable element molecular markers
TEGERM - (QLRT-1999-31502)
The European Union is facing the challenge of improving the genetic diversity in European agriculture to enable it to respond to the demands of the next century. There is a wealth of genetic resources in European gene banks and the main obstacle to exploiting this biodiversity to the benefit of European agriculture is the difficulty in identifying ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, GENOMICS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Sustainability, product safety and quality in cereals:Development of novel quantitative models for risk assessment for mycotoxigenic fusarium species
RAMFIC - (QLRT-1999-31517)
Ear blight, caused by several Fusarium species, is a significant threat to wheat production in the European Union. The distribution and predominance of the species are mainly determined by climatic conditions. Fusarium species can produce a range of mycotoxins, which may pose a considerable health threat to consumers. This project aims ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
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