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Projects in area: ANIMALS

The agricultural, ecological and socio-economic importance of free-ranging livestock rearing in Europe
PASTORAL - (QLRT-2000-00559)
The majority of 'high nature value' livestock systems are now confined to mountainous areas of Europe. Extensive livestock rearing systems are a policy priority because they are fundamental for maintaining a wide range of habitats and species. However, before appropriate policies can be put in place, it is essential to understand how such systems function ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Biodiversity, impact and control of microsporidia in bumble bee (Bombus spp.) pollinators
Pollinator parasites - (QLRT-2001-00741)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
The effect of turbidity and hypoxia on the behaviour of coastal marine fish
ETHOFISH - (QLRT-2001-00799)
Current knowledge of the behavioural and physiological processes that regulate the interaction between environmental variations (both manufactured and natural) and the ecology of animals (i.e. their abundance and distribution) is limited. This knowledge is fundamental for understanding and predicting the effect of environmental disturbances on ecosystems, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Proactive biobased cheese packaging
BIOPACK - (QLRT-2000-00799)
Biopack is a new concept in food packaging. In the first instance, this new proactive packaging will be targeted at the problem of considerably improving the quality and safety of cheeses. Biopack will aim to be cost-competitive and a successful concept could help considerably to expand the market for hard and very hard cheeses, especially by providing ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
Evalution of the possible transmission of prions (scrapie and BSE) to different fish species
TSE AND FISH - (QLRT-2001-00866)
The pathogen common to all transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is the 'prion', the major or sole component of which is an abnormal glycoprotein (PrPSc). The 'benign' isomer of this protein is normally expressed as cellular prion protein (PrPC), which is converted to its pathological isoform. It is thought that, following oral ingestion, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
European network for surveillance and control of TSE in small ruminants: With emphasis on epidemiology, pathology and diagnostic tests
SRTSENETWORK - (QLRT-2001-00959)
The purposes of this project are to build a long-term sustainable network for the creation and dissemination of knowledge, which will lead to a better understanding and control of SR-TSE, and an integration of research efforts at the European level. Twenty-nine institutes from nineteen countries, including newly Associated States will participate. ... More (full abstract).
 
A multidisciplinary approach to the reduction in lameness and improvement in dairy cow welfare in the European Union
LAMECOW - (QLRT-2001-00969)
Lameness in dairy cows is a major economic and welfare problem. Interaction between husbandry systems, development of lameness and its biological causes is poorly understood. The project aims to reduce lameness by identifying and applying best practice and through an understanding of underlying biological mechanisms. The outcomes will be guidelines ... More (full abstract).
 
Characterisation of genetic variation in the pig breeds of China and Europe to facilitate the maintenance and exploitation of biodiversity
PigBioDiv2 - (QLRT-2001-01059)
The purpose of this project is to evaluate and compare the genetic diversity among the pig breeds of China and Europe. At least 50 Chinese breeds will be sampled and compared with the 59 European breeds previously sampled. This will result in the European pig biodiversity database being extended to at least 100 breeds, one third of the world's total ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
New breeding tools for improving mastitis resistance in European dairy cattle
MASTITIS RESISTANCE - (QLRT-2001-01186)
Milk production is the most important agricultural activity in the EU. In dairy cattle, mastitis is the most common and costly disease, and the cause of the highest antibiotic use in livestock. Mastitis incidence should have declined with improved methods of prevention and treatment, but it has not. The heritability for welfare traits are low and hence ... More (full abstract).
 
Hydraulic, sedimentological and ecological problems of multifunctional riparian forest management
RIPFOR - (QLRT-1999-01229)
Riparian forests are non-marketed natural resources. They offer habitats for plants and animals, flood retention and recreational areas. Sustainable, multifunctional management of riparian forests needs improved knowledge of the interaction of the hydraulic, sedimentological and ecological processes involved. These interactions were studied through ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Efficient utilisation of forage maize by dairy cattle: Key plant parameters, genetic determinism, impact on milk production, Animal Behaviour and Environment
SILEGENEQUA - (QLRT-2000-01262)
Forage maize is a pillar component of ruminant diets. It is particularly important in dairy cattle where, due to its high energetic value, maize silage has a unique ability to provide sufficient energy to sustain milk production, and it increases the efficiency of milk production by improving milk yield and quality. This project will contribute to ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, CEREALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
European livestock policy evaluation network: Development of a livestock policy decision support system
ELPEN - (QLRT-1999-01296)
There is an increasing demand from policy makers in the livestock area to be able to assess, in an integrated way, the economic, environmental and social impact of potential policy changes. The purpose of this project was to build a state-of-the-art integrative, knowledge-based, spatially explicit decision support system to appraise the likely impact ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
European project to study BSE strain in sheep
BSE IN SHEEP - (QLRT-2001-01309)
Scrapie in sheep is a group of TSE strains non-transmissable to humans, and this disease has been widespread in Europe for several centuries. It is known that sheep can be experimentally infected with BSE, and that such BSE is similar to scrapie in terms of pathogenesis and clinical signs. Can BSE be transmitted under natural conditionsto livestock ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Minimising stress-inducing factors on cattle during handling and transport to improve animal welfare and meat quality
CATRA - (QLRT-1999-01507)
Adequate scientific data are lacking on stress-inducing factors in cattle transport, such as transport times, vibration levels and air quality. In order to develop European standards, coordinated research is necessary in line with the key action 5.1.1, so that new data and methods for surveillance and reducing stress will become available. This means ... More (full abstract).
 
Coordination, harmonisation and standardisation of measurement of bovine and porcine accute phase protein in blood; Reference preparations for animal protein assays
ANIMAL APP STANDARDS - (QLRT-1999-01532)
Acute phase proteins are blood proteins whose concentration alters significantly during infectious or inflammatory disease. Measuring the concentration of these proteins in serum or plasma is now recognised as being an important laboratory test in the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of disease in cattle and pigs, and the presence of sub-clinical ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
The roles of selection and husbandry in the development of locomotory dysfunction in turkeys
TURKEY GAIT DISORDERS - (QLRT-1999-01549)
Consumers increasingly demand meat that is both affordable and obtained from welfare-friendly production systems. There is an unacceptable level of locomotory dysfunction in growing turkeys showing high levels of tibial dyschondroplasin. It has been suggested that turkey locomotory problems are a result of the selection for production traits but it ... More (full abstract).
 
Chicken IMAGE: Improvement of chicken immunity and resistance to disease based upon analysis of gene expression
Chicken Image - (QLRT-1999-01591)
The chicken is the most important source of animal proteins for humans. However, the poultry industry is facing increasing problems due to the emergence of more virulent forms of pathogens, causing considerable disease and mortality in commercial flocks. Moreover, modifications in current poultry feeding are having disastrous repercussions. Improvements ... More (full abstract).
 
Improving quality and safety of hen eggs in new production systems by reinforcing the antimicrobial natural defence and by developing tools for grading eggs
EGGDEFENCE - (QLRT-2000-01606)
An egg is a pre-packed food that is vulnerable to external microbiological loads, and is the major cause of Salmonella food poisoning in man. The mechanical protection afforded by the eggshell barrier and the antibacterial properties of membranes and egg white are influenced by several factors. These include physiology, genetics, the housing ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Spore probiotics: An alternative to antibiotics in animal husbandry
SPOREBIOTICS - (QLRT-2000-01729)
The overuse of antibiotics in the farming industry has profound public health implications. Of most concern are the proliferation of drug-resistant bacteria and the transfer of these bacteria from farm animals to humans. This year Denmark has made the landmark decision of banning antimicrobials as growth promoters in pigs. This decision reinforces ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Broiler breeder production: Solving a paradox
BBP - (QLRT-2000-01732)
The European Union's poultry industry needs to improve the production system of broiler breeder hens and the quality of the resulting products if it is to compete more effectively. Breeder hens overeat, become fat, suffer various pathologies and have poor reproductive ability. Severe rationing improves their health and reproduction, but current rationing ... More (full abstract).
 
Reproduction and stock evaluation for recovery
RASER - (QLRT-2001-01825)
The traditional stock-recruitment models assume that spawning stock biomass is proportional to reproductive potential, which implies that the survival chances of progeny does not change with age or size of the parents. However, the reproductive potential of a population is a measure of the capacity of the population to produce viable eggs and larvae ... More (full abstract).
 
Worm control in organic production systems for small ruminants in Europe: Towards the implementation of non-chemical, sustainable approaches
WORMCOPS - (QLRT-2000-01843)
Nematode parasitic infections constitute a serious health and welfare problem of sheep and goats in organic farming systems. Research will focus on non-chemical strategies for the control of these infections. Recommendations for the use of these strategies alone, or in combination with sheep and goats, will be developed and disseminated. Although primarily ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
New gene tools to improve pig welfare and the quality of pork
QUALITYPORKGENES - (QLRT-2000-01888)
The European Union's meat industry is in decline with serious socio-economic impacts. One reason for this is an inability to deliver consistently high quality meat products to the consumer. QualityPorkGENES addresses this problem by investigating pork meat quality and stress response in pigs in order to meet consumer requirements for both quality and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Novel tools for developing fusarium-resistant and toxin-free wheat for Europe
FUCOMYR - (QLRT-2000-02044)
Fusarium fungi cause a great problem in the complete cereal food and feed chain because they contaminate the grain with mycotoxins, which cause serious illness and immuno-repression in humans and animals. This mycotoxin problem is the result of events at the start of the food chain, due to fungal infestation during crop growth, while the negative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Improving sustainability of milk production systems in the European Union through increasing reliance on grazed pasture
GRAZEMORE - (QLRT-2000-02111)
Milk production systems, based on a high reliance on grazed herbage, offer a number of economic, animal welfare and environmental benefits. In order to increase uptake of such systems within the European Union, this proposal brings together expertise from five Member States within the EU to develop and validate European grass growth and herbage intake ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, GRASSLAND, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
New markers of immunological stress and welfare in animals: Porcine ccute phase proteins in the Production of Healthy Pigs
APP IN PIG PRODUCTION - (QLRT-2000-02219)
Acute phase proteins (APP) are blood proteins, which significantly alter during the active stage of infection. Initial studies have shown that, during pig production, APPs identify poor hygiene on farms and predict higher incidence of disease. The purpose of the project is to optimise pig production so that losses in growth rate associated with immunological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Studies on the alimentary pathogensis of BSE agents and natural scrapie in sheep and mice: Implications for diagnosis and control
SC-GUT - (QLRT-2000-02332)
This project will study the early pathogenesis of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in sheep and mice, with emphasis on the uptake and accumulation of the prion protein (PrP), and infectivity in the gut-associated and peripheral lymphoid tissues and its relevance to neuroinvasion. The transport of PrP across the mucosa of the gut and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING, GENOMICS
Quantitative trait loci affecting milk production: Mapping and utilisation for marker assisted selection in dairy and dual purpose cattle
BOVMAS - (QLRT-2000-02379)
The proposal involves mapping the QTL affecting milk production and associated traits by selective DNA pooling. High resolution mapping will be carried out for some of the identified QTL, using selective recombinant genotyping within, and identical-by-descent mapping across the various populations. Allele frequency of QTL alleles, and marker haplotypes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, GENOMICS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Sustainable conservation of animal genetic resources in marginal rural areas: Integrating molecular genetics, socio-economics and geostatistical approaches
ECONOGENE - (QLRT-2000-02461)
This proposal uniquely combines a molecular analysis of biodiversity, socio-economics and geostatistics to address the conservation of sheep and goat genetic resources and rural development in marginal agrosystems in Europe. To assist in situ conservation and address the relevant socio-economic factors, a coordinated approach to define the strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Integrating foraging attributes of domestic livestock breeds into sustainable systems for grassland biodiversity and wider countryside benefit
FORBIOBEN - (QLRT-1999-30130)
The purpose of this project is to identify sustainable grazing management practices for maintaining and enhancing biodiverse grasslands. The effects of the management system (targeted at production or at biodiversity) and animal breed (commercial or rustic) on the botanical, structural and invertebrate biodiversity will be quantified and the socio-economic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, PLANT EXTRACTS
Assessment of genetic variation in meat quality and the evaluation of the role of candidate genes in beef characteristics
GeMQual - (QLRT-1999-30147)
... More (full abstract).
 
Sustainability in the production of pork with improved nutritional and eating quality using strategic feeding in outdoor pig-production
SUSPORKQUAL - (QLRT-1999-30162)
... More (full abstract).
 
Feed for aquatic animals that contains cultivated marine microorganisms as alternatives for fish oil
PUFAfeed - (QLRT-1999-30271)
At present, aquaculture consumes nearly 50% of the available quantities of fish oil and the requirement is increasing. However, fish oil production is decreasing worldwide and toxins that are difficult to monitor can be present. Alternatively, marine micro-algae, high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) content, may be added to feeds, though the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Ensiling and grazing of energy-rich grasses with elevated sugar contents for the sustainable production of ruminant livestock
SWEETGRASS - (QLRT-1999-30498)
The project aims to provide a sound scientific basis for using novel grasses, bred for high sugar content using conventional breeding methods, in grassland-based agriculture. At certain times of the year, these grasses contain up to 400g sugar per kilo. It is proposed to use these grasses, both grazed and ensiled, on their own and in combination with ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, CEREALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Defining and validating gut health criteria in young pigs, based on digestive physiology, microbiology and mucosal immunology investigations for testing alternative strategies to in-feed antibiotics
HEALTHYPIGUT - (QLRT-1999-30522)
Considerable efforts have been devoted to the understanding of infectious diseases, including the biology of pathogens, host resistance and therapy in animals and humans. By contrast, very little is known about the prevention of diseases in pigs through dietary and non-dietary strategies because these problems have been overcome by adding sub-therapeutic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Using genetics to improve the quality and safety of sheep products
genesheepsafety - (QLRT-1999-30656)
The project addresses the safety and quality of food in the sheep production chain using genetics. The partners, with their expertise in milk and sheep, traits related to animal health and product quality, and genetics, will be brought together to share resources and results with the aim of creating a critical mass of researchers. The participation ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
The challenge of modernity for reindeer management: Integration and sustainable development in Europe's sub-Arctic and boreal regions (RENMAN)
RENMAN - (QLRT-1999-30745)
RENMAN will develop new tools and models of participatory research and planning in reindeer management that will facilitate integrated and sustainable use of living resources in sub-arctic/boreal Europe. RENMAN is a direct outgrowth of the participation of key partners in the project 'Human Environmental Interactions' in the European Union Concerted ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Implications of the introduction of automatic milking on dairy farms
Automatic milking - (QLRT-1999-31006)
The proposal aims to integrate knowledge on, and develop solutions for, any adverse effects brought about by the introduction of automatic milking systems, which would be a major technological innovation in dairy farms in European Union Member States. The results of the project should facilitate the smooth introduction of automatic milking without ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
Overcoming barriers to conversion to organic farming in the European Union through markets for conversion products
CONVERSION - (QLRT-1999-31112)
The European Union currently imports substantial quantities of organic produce. Converting to organic agriculture is a risky decision for farmers, despite the support payments available. This project seeks to increase the conversion rate through the identification of existing constraints. Furthermore, in keeping with EU policy to encourage market mechanisms ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
New predictors for pork quality derived from gene expression profiles of skeletal muscle during prenatal development
PorDictor - (QLRT-1999-31363)
The purpose of this project is to use genomic data and natural regulation mechanisms to offer new approaches to improve pork quality. An important proportion of the heritability of meat quality is determined during prenatal muscle development. Therefore breed-specific gene expression in embryonic muscle tissue of extreme breeds will be studied to shortlist ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GENOMICS
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