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Projects in area: QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING

Resistance of spruce to root and Butt Rot disease
RESROBS - (QLRT-2000-00241)
This research explores resistance to infection by Heterobasidion spp. in clones of Norway and Sitka spruce. Clones will be inoculated with H. annosum, H. parviporum or H. abietinum and the extent of pathogen growth and lesion development measured. Resistance of clones will be related to qualitative analysis of terpenes. Quantitative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY, GENOMICS
Modelling of heterobasidion infection in European forests: A decision-support tool for the forest manager
MOHIEF - (QLRT-2000-00244)
This project will bring together a range of experts to prepare a prototype decision-support tool for determining losses to Heterobasidion infection and decay in the range of forest types found in Europe. The project will establish the output requirements of the end users, collate the biological and management inputs required and construct a ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY
Forecasting the dynamic response of timber quality to management and environmental change: An integrated approach
MEFYQUE - (QLRT-2000-00345)
There is a recognised need within the European forest industry for models forecasting the quality of timber, given that the wood product industries are reliant on a regular supply of wood of uniform properties. This proposal aims to improve understanding by developing an integrated modelling framework. The framework will enable forest managers, the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Common Agricultural Policy strategy for regions, agriculture and trade
CAP-STRAT - (QLRT-2000-00394)
The purpose of the project, CAP-STRAT, is to support the Agriculture DG by projecting the development of the agricultural sector and analysing the impact of current and alternative policy programmes through the application of the regionalised modelling system CAPRI. A reference run will be prepared representing the most probable development of the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agricultural sector in the Member States and European Union: Econometric modelling for projections and analysis of EU policies on agriculture, forestry and the environment
AG-MEMOD - (QLRT-2000-00473)
The purpose of this project is to integrate agri-food sector analysis to provide results for the European Union. Econometric models will be constructed in each Member State and these models will link together and produce results for the EU. This EU composite model will show the impacts of policy, and other changes, up to a ten-year horizon. Projections ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Silvoarable agroforestry for Europe
SAFE - (QLRT-2000-00560)
The purpose of the SAFE project is to encourage Europe to take advantage of silvoarable agroforestry systems - wide-spaced trees and crops mixed in the same agricultural parcels. However, such systems are currently not attractive to farmers due to policy adjustment. The introduction of wide-spaced, high-quality trees on European farmland will be modelled ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FORESTRY, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Development of improved pest risk analysis techniques for quarantine organisms using pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, in Portugal as a model
PHRAME - (QLRT-2001-00672)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
The effect of turbidity and hypoxia on the behaviour of coastal marine fish
ETHOFISH - (QLRT-2001-00799)
Current knowledge of the behavioural and physiological processes that regulate the interaction between environmental variations (both manufactured and natural) and the ecology of animals (i.e. their abundance and distribution) is limited. This knowledge is fundamental for understanding and predicting the effect of environmental disturbances on ecosystems, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Sardine dynamics and stock structure in the north-east Atlantic
SARDYN - (QLRT-2001-00818)
This project will provide a comprehensive study of the life history and structural dynamics of the sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the European Atlantic waters with an emphasis on the aspects required for improving the assessment and management of this species. The study will lead to the modification / extension of existing assessment models or to ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Managing fisheries to conserve groundfish and benthic invertebrate species diversity
MAFCONS - (QLRT-2001-00856)
Fishing affects marine ecosystems beyond the effects on just the target species. Populations of non-target species and the diversity of species have declined, contrary to the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity. The 1997 intermediate ministerial meeting determined that an ecosystem approach to management be developed, enabling marine ecosystems ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Development of a model-based decision support system to optimise nitrogen use in horticultural crop rotations across Europe
EUROTATE_N - (QLRT-2001-01100)
Most fresh vegetables within Europe are produced in intensive rotations, which rely heavily on large inputs of nitrogen from fertiliser or organic sources to maintain the yield and quality of produce demanded by its customers. Most field vegetable crops use nitrogen inefficiently and often leave large residues of nitrogen (either as unused fertiliser ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE, SOIL
Effects of silvicultural regimes on dynamics of genetic and ecological diversity of European forests
DYNABEECH - (QLRT-1999-01210)
Traditional forest management of European beech forests consists of large-scale felling, leaving few remaining trees to produce the next generation. This may have significantly disturbed the genetic and ecophysiological diversity as, in general, a higher diversity is assumed to be very important for the adjustment to environmental changes. As a result ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Hydraulic, sedimentological and ecological problems of multifunctional riparian forest management
RIPFOR - (QLRT-1999-01229)
Riparian forests are non-marketed natural resources. They offer habitats for plants and animals, flood retention and recreational areas. Sustainable, multifunctional management of riparian forests needs improved knowledge of the interaction of the hydraulic, sedimentological and ecological processes involved. These interactions were studied through ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, FORESTRY
Combining geostatistical and Bayesian methods to improve the scientific basis for the management of Atlantic mackerel fisheries
GBMAF - (QLRT-1999-01253)
Atlantic mackerel fisheries are of economic importance in EU waters. Triennial surveying of pelagic mackerel eggs is used to assess stocks, which is the main scientific basis for fisheries management and absolute estimates of spawner abundance are obtained from these surveys. However, recent research has suggested that there may be large biases in ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Technical developments and tactical adaptations of important European Union fleets
TECTAC - (QLRT-2001-01291)
The fish stocks managed under the European Common Fisheries Policy are considered to be in danger because of excessive fishing mortalities. A common concern of fisheries managers is to be able to reconcile the objectives of maintaining fisheries profits while safeguarding the fish resources, especially when these are exploited beyond biologically ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Stability and mitigation of arable systems in hilly landscapes
STAMINA - (QLRT-2001-01313)
Meaningful indicators for the vulnerability of production systems are needed to support a Common Agricultural Policy towards sustainable development. In the European Union, 15% to 50 % of arable land is located on slopes, where yield losses may range from 30% to 90 % due to erosion, drought, frost and heat. Climatic variation is to increase the instability ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Pan-European soil erosion risk assessment
PESERA - (QLRT-1999-01323)
Soil erosion poses severe limitations to sustainable agricultural land use as it reduces on-farm soil productivity and causes the accumulation of sediments and agri-chemicals in waterways. Current models are designed to assess soil erosion at high resolutions, and are not suitable for developing regional soil conservation strategies. A physically based ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Development of predictive model of cod-end selectivity
PREMECS II - (QLRT-2001-01328)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Margins along the European seafood value chain - Impact of the salmon industry on market structures
SALMAR - (QLRT-1999-01346)
The introduction of farmed salmon on the European Union fish markets has coincided with major organisational changes within the value chain (the collapse of European fisheries, increase of foreign trade, rise of processing, concentration of the retailing sector, etc.). The EU-funded Salmar project (2000-2002) has investigated the extent to which the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Nature-based management of Beech in Europe - A multifunctional approach to forestry
NAT-MAN - (QLRT-1999-01349)
The purpose of Nat-Man is to help resolve the challenge of sustainable forest management (SFM). The subject of the project is European beech forests, which represent a large resource for timber production, biodiversity conservation and recreation. The project delivers scientifically founded policy recommendations and management guidelines for SFM, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Innovative models of critical key indicators as planning and decision support for sustainable rural development and inegrated cross-border regional management in former Iron Curtain areas based on north to south European reference studies
IRON CURTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01401)
The project is focused on a multi-sectoral integrated methodology for decision-making in a sustainable rural development enhancing territorial competitiveness. It is based on the development of an innovative toolset incorporating Geographical Information Systems (GIS), system dynamics and indicator modelling, integrating rural areas, natural and human ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Integrated pest management strategies incorporating biocontrol for European oilseed rape pests
MASTER - (QLRT-2000-01447)
Crop protection in oilseed rape, a major European crop, currently relies on pesticides and lags behind recent scientific advances. MASTER will construct and evaluate, through a trans-European collaborative experiment, economically viable and environmentally less harmful Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Strategies for the crop that maximise biological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency towards a sustainable system of production
SUSTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01461)
Wheat requires a large input of chemicals to realise maximum yield. This is now a heavy burden on the farming industry as the European Union implements its Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) reforms, which will reduce cereal prices. This project proposes to develop wheat with enhanced inherent nitrogen use that will require less fertiliser input, thus ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, SOIL, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Molecular and other markers for establishing essential derivation in crop plants (EDV)
MMEDV - (QLRT-1999-01499)
Essential derivation is concerned with defining the boundary of ownership around an existing plant variety. The European Union Plant Variety Rights Office implemented the full provisions of the 1991 UPNC Convention in 1994 (Council Regulation 2100/94. The concept of the dependent variety is, therefore, one of legitimate interest to EU Member States, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Strategy for integrated development of agriculture and rural aeas in CEE countries
IDARA - (QLRT-1999-01526)
The aim of the idara project was to identify key problems and discuss strategies for an integrated development of agriculture and rural areas in three Central European countries acceding to the EU (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland). The research called for cross-national and interdisciplinary work with a need to integrate a number of methodological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Bioeconomic modelling of Mediterranean fisheries
BEMMFISH - (QLRT-2000-01533)
The purpose of this project is to develop a bioeconomic model for fisheries in the Mediterranean and simulation computer software, which will allow testing of different management strategies. The work will be divided into the development of a theoretical background and building the conceptual model, development of the numerical model, elaboration of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Modelling fishermen's behaviour under new regulatory regimes
MFBUNRR - (QLRT-2000-01535)
The main objective of this project is to determine the most appropriate methodologies for modelling fishermen's behaviour under regulatory schemes with individual quotas, independent of transferability. In particular, the project aims at showing how relevant measures can be derived from a cost function. Moreover, since the functional form used when ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
A coordinated approach towards development of a scientific basis for management of wild Atlantic salmon in the North-East Atlantic
SALMODEL - (QLRT-1999-01546)
This proposal seeks to advance the scientific basis upon which advice is given to managers of local, national and international salmon fisheries, compatible with the precautionary approach, as adopted by all signatories (including the European Union) to the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation 1998 Accord on salmon management. Experts in ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Risks associated with Tilletia indica, the newly listed EU quarantine pathogen, the cause of Karnaval Bunt of wheat
KARNAL BUNT RISKS - (QLRT-1999-01554)
There are risks posed to European Union wheat by Tilletia indica, which is the cause of karnal bunt. T. indica does not occur in Europe but is intercepted on wheat imports and threatens wheat quality, yield and exports. Legislation to protect EU wheat was enforced in 1997, based on a theoretical pest risk analysis (PRA). International ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Magnetic resonance imaging of wood and its interface with glue, coatings and air
MARWINGCA - (QLRT-1999-01587)
Wood is a sustainable, renewable and versatile material. When processed, dried and protected correctly it becomes a high quality, stable material. However, the increasing use of environment-friendly coatings can cause problems with rot in wood panels, due to water retention in the coating/wood interface. Moisture ingress into glue can lead to mechanical ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Development of structurally detailed statistically testable models of marine populations
DST2 - (QLRT-1999-01609)
An approach will be developed for modelling marine ecosystems and their exploitation, based on detailed structures and disaggregated data. Models will be developed in which a rigorous statistical hypothesis-testing approach can be used to determine the model structure and parameterisation appropriate to explain the available data. In four case studies, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Enhancing the competitiveness and efficiency of wood-based panels in construction
Panels - (QLRT-1999-01640)
This project is required to support the European Union policy relating to the Construction Products Directive and the Harmonised Standard for wood-based panel products. The project addresses 12 key issues relating to the structural use of wood-based panels as identified by the European Standardisation Committee CEN TC112. The project has produced new ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Soil ecological and economic evaluation of genetically modified crops
ECOGEN - (QLRT-2001-01666)
The possible future use of genetically modified (GM) plants in agriculture needs an in-depth investigation into the ecological and economic consequences. Following a state-of-the-art ecological risk assessment, this project will combine simple lab tests, multi-species model ecosystems and field studies to acquire mechanistic and realistic knowledge. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, GENOMICS
Biomass production chain and growth simulation model for Kenaf
BIOKENAF - (QLRT-2001-01729)
This RTD project will contribute to the implementation of three main European Union policies: the Common Agricultural Policy, the Agenda 2000 and the White Paper. As a result of these policies, the financial feasibility of non-food crops production will increase, but the diversification of land use and sustainability of farm incomes should also be ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Stem canker of oilseed rape: Molecular tools and mathematical modelling to deploy durable resistance
SECURE - (QLRT-2001-01813)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Growth, vigour, environment: Molecular breeding for plant growth and yield
GVE - (QLRT-2000-01871)
Plant growth and crop yield are determined by the interaction of genotype with the environment, but little is known about the genes that control and contribute to growth, vigour and yield under different environmental conditions. The completed genome sequence of the model plant Arabidopsis, combined with innovative functional genomic strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS
Feasibility of a European Union plant health directive (77/93/EEC): Diagnostic chip
DIAG CHIP - (QLRT-2000-02270)
This project will investigate the feasibility of producing a diagnostic chip for the simultaneous detection of all the plant pests/pathogens present in the European Union Plant Health Directive, using quarantine potato pests as a model system. The project will establish methods for detection of quarantine pathogens in plant tissue using gene chip technology. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, GENOMICS
Quantitative trait loci affecting milk production: Mapping and utilisation for marker assisted selection in dairy and dual purpose cattle
BOVMAS - (QLRT-2000-02379)
The proposal involves mapping the QTL affecting milk production and associated traits by selective DNA pooling. High resolution mapping will be carried out for some of the identified QTL, using selective recombinant genotyping within, and identical-by-descent mapping across the various populations. Allele frequency of QTL alleles, and marker haplotypes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, GENOMICS
European network of agricultural and rural policy research institutes (ENARPRI) - Thematic network on trade agreements and European agriculture
ENARPRI - (QLRT-2001-02481)
The European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institutes (ENARPRI) brings together leading (national) institutes and research teams from 13 countries by institutionalising regular meetings both within the network, and between this research network and users of policy research (at a national and European Union level). The central theme ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Urban pressure on rural areas: Mutations and dynamics of periurban rural processes
NEWRUR - (QLRT-1999-30094)
Periurbanisation, from the rural point of view, is an important question, which has been studied from the urban point of view only, and not on a European scale. It questions economic and social mutations within these rural areas under urban pressure. It also raises the problem of the future of agriculture and competition for land. The research proposed ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Linking hydrograpic frontal activity to ecosystem dynamics in the North Sea and Skagerrak: Importance to fish stock recruitment
LIFECO - (QLRT-1999-30183)
Lifeco is a multidisciplinary research programme designed to resolve the influence of tidal mixing and shelf breakfronts on the recruitment success of North Sea fish stocks, and thereby develop environmentally sensitive recruitment models. To do so, Lifeco will integrate results from a 3D coupled biophysical model, remote sensing and field programmes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Improving germplasm conservating methods for perennial European forage species
ICONFORS - (QLRT-1999-30621)
There is an urgent need to regenerate seed stocks of conserved germplasm of European forage grasses and legumes, but a lack of knowledge has prevented development of an agreed economically and genetically effective protocol. This project will obtain the knowledge required and will use it to establish such a protocol. Using a multidisciplinary approach ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, ARABLE CROPS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Closed system for water and nutrient management in horticulture
CLOSYS - (QLRT-1999-31301)
Throughout Europe, current horticultural practices cause very large amounts of water and nutrients to be wasted in the environment. To avoid this, and to increase possibilities of controlling crop growth and quality, water and individual nutrients should be supplied independently and in proportion to the plant's needs, rather than supplying excessive ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE, SOIL
Implementing tree models as forest management tools
ITM - (QLRT-1999-31349)
In Europe, there is a strong movement towards the management of uneven-aged mixed forests. This is based on the idea that uneven-aged, mixed-species stands increase, or at least maintain, soil fertility, increase biodiversity and improve stand resilience. The shift from even-aged forest management renders existing yield tables increasingly unreliable. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, SOIL, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Reducing the conflict between cormorants and fisheries on a pan-European scale
REDCAFE - (QLRT-1999-31387)
The purpose of REDCAFE is to synthesise current cormorant and fishery information, and to identify and evaluate methods of reducing the current Europe-wide conflict between conservationists and fisheries' interests. It will bring together, for the first time, stakeholders (commercial/recreational fisheries, bird conservation organisations, fishery ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Integrated control of polysaccharide and ligninbiosynthesis to improve cellulose content, availability and fibre quality
CELLULOSE CONTROL - (QLRT-1999-31493)
The proposal complies with the Common Agricultural Policy in the diversification of agriculture in the area of non-food and forage crops. It will lead to wealth-creating opportunities that are environmentally desirable in a number of developing industrial fields. It is designed as a core discovery programme using proteomics and will lead to gene isolation ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Sustainability, product safety and quality in cereals:Development of novel quantitative models for risk assessment for mycotoxigenic fusarium species
RAMFIC - (QLRT-1999-31517)
Ear blight, caused by several Fusarium species, is a significant threat to wheat production in the European Union. The distribution and predominance of the species are mainly determined by climatic conditions. Fusarium species can produce a range of mycotoxins, which may pose a considerable health threat to consumers. This project aims ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Sustainable control of the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), a new invasive pest of Aesculus hippocastanum in Europe
CONTROCAM - (QLRT-1999-31684)
The horse chestnut leaf-miner (Cameraria ohridella) is a member of the lepidopteran family Gracillariidae and was recorded for the first time in Macedonia in 1985 attacking horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) near Lake Ohrid. This moth was described as a new species of the genus Cameraria by Deschka and Dimic (1986). Totally ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Development of monitoring guidelines and modelling tools for environmental effects from Mediterranean aquaculture
MERAMED - (QLRT-1999-31779)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
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