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Projects in area: BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

Biodiversity, impact and control of microsporidia in bumble bee (Bombus spp.) pollinators
Pollinator parasites - (QLRT-2001-00741)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Managing fisheries to conserve groundfish and benthic invertebrate species diversity
MAFCONS - (QLRT-2001-00856)
Fishing affects marine ecosystems beyond the effects on just the target species. Populations of non-target species and the diversity of species have declined, contrary to the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity. The 1997 intermediate ministerial meeting determined that an ecosystem approach to management be developed, enabling marine ecosystems ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Development of ryegrass allele-specific (GRASP) markers for sustainable grassland improvement
GRASP - (QLRT-2001-00862)
The purpose of this project is to fill the current gap that exists between knowledge on plant gene functions and their commercial application. Bridging this gap, by using the allelic selection tools to be developed within this project, will lead to efficient plant breeding of highly improved, non-GMO crop plants. Once developed, the SNP markers will ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, ARABLE CROPS
New plants and plant extracts to decrease methane and nitrogenous emissions from ruminants and to alleviate nutritional stress
RUMEN-UP - (QLRT-2000-00992)
Bloat and acidosis are distressing disorders that result from a malfunction of microbial digestion in the rumen. Methane, a potent greenhouse gas, and ammonia, which forms urinary urea, arise from normal rumen fermentation. The aim is to develop new plants or plant extracts as dietary supplements for ruminants to replace chemical additives and growth-promoting ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, GENOMICS, PLANT EXTRACTS
Costing the impact of demersal fishing on marine ecosystem processes and biodiversity
COST-IMPACT - (QLRT-2000-00993)
The primary objectives are to provide advice to decision-makers on: How demersal fishing impacts the biodiversity of marine benthos and the associated goods and services, such as nutrient cycling that they provide. How these impacts influence other marine ecosystem processes. What the likely values of marine ecosystem goods and services are and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Characterisation of genetic variation in the pig breeds of China and Europe to facilitate the maintenance and exploitation of biodiversity
PigBioDiv2 - (QLRT-2001-01059)
The purpose of this project is to evaluate and compare the genetic diversity among the pig breeds of China and Europe. At least 50 Chinese breeds will be sampled and compared with the 59 European breeds previously sampled. This will result in the European pig biodiversity database being extended to at least 100 breeds, one third of the world's total ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Protecting biodiversity through the development of environmentally sustainable locust and grasshopper control
ESLOCO - (QLRT-1999-01118)
Locusts and grasshoppers are significant pests in several parts of Europe and neighbouring regions. Current control methods rely on broad-spectrum chemical pesticides and many thousands of hectares are sprayed each year, often in areas of high conservation value. The aim of this proposal is to reduce the environmental impact of these control operations ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Construction and application of a multifunctional and saturated genetic map for forest species
UHD-MAP-OF FOREST SPECIES - (QLRT-1999-01159)
An ultra-high density linkage (UHD) map of Pinus pinaster will be constructed, based on 12 000 AFLP markers and 100 published microsatellites (SSR). This map will be placed online and exploited to its full extent for comparative genome analyses and QTL analysis in different genetic backgrounds. Four other published linkage maps in forest species ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, GENOMICS
Effects of silvicultural regimes on dynamics of genetic and ecological diversity of European forests
DYNABEECH - (QLRT-1999-01210)
Traditional forest management of European beech forests consists of large-scale felling, leaving few remaining trees to produce the next generation. This may have significantly disturbed the genetic and ecophysiological diversity as, in general, a higher diversity is assumed to be very important for the adjustment to environmental changes. As a result ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Genetic evaluation of European rose resources for conservation and horticultural use
GENEROSE - (QLRT-2001-01278)
This project focuses on the conservation and use of natural resources in the genus Rosa. Attempts to preserve rose gene pools without sufficient knowledge about the genetic background may counteract efforts to increase biodiversity, compromise the maintenance of (rare) indigenous species in landscaping and make it difficult to (re)introduce ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, GENOMICS, COEXISTENCE
Establishing cryopreservation methods for conserving European plant germplasm collections
CRYMCEPT - (QLRT-2001-01279)
About 20 000 plant species are believed to be either endangered or rare and threatened with extinction. Their preservation is essential for classical and modern plant breeding programmes, and this biodiversity is a source of compounds for the pharmaceutical, food and crop protection industries. Conventionally, germplasm is conserved through seeds, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, PLANT EXTRACTS
Nature-based management of Beech in Europe - A multifunctional approach to forestry
NAT-MAN - (QLRT-1999-01349)
The purpose of Nat-Man is to help resolve the challenge of sustainable forest management (SFM). The subject of the project is European beech forests, which represent a large resource for timber production, biodiversity conservation and recreation. The project delivers scientifically founded policy recommendations and management guidelines for SFM, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Durable resistance management of the soil-borne quarantine nematode pests Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax
DREAM - (QLRT-1999-01462)
There is no adequate durable alternative to the use of toxic chemicals to control soil-borne pests on major European arable crops. The project aims to contribute to sustainable production systems by developing a durable resistance management strategy, achieved by integrating expertise in breeding, nematology, botany and molecular biology, novel by ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL
High-quality disease-resistant apples for a sustainable agriculture
HiDRAS - (QLRT-2001-01492)
European apple production needs up to 20 fungicide sprays per year to cope with pathogens. All resistant varieties have poor fruit quality so they are not well accepted by growers and consumers. HiDRAS aims at providing tools to combine resistance with fruit quality, leading to the diffusion of new resistant cultivars and to a substantial reduction ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Verticillium wilt in tree species - Developing essential elements for integrated and innovative management strategies
VERTICILLIUM WILT IN TREES - (QLRT-1999-01523)
Verticillium wilt is of increasing significance in European agriculture, especially in tree hosts such as olive and stone fruits, and in shade tree nurseries. More efficient and environmentally sound strategies are needed to manage this disease. The research will concentrate on pathogen variability, host resistance, and detection and risk assessment. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY, SOIL
Sustainable conservation of animal genetic resources in marginal rural areas: Integrating molecular genetics, socio-economics and geostatistical approaches
ECONOGENE - (QLRT-2000-02461)
This proposal uniquely combines a molecular analysis of biodiversity, socio-economics and geostatistics to address the conservation of sheep and goat genetic resources and rural development in marginal agrosystems in Europe. To assist in situ conservation and address the relevant socio-economic factors, a coordinated approach to define the strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Integrating foraging attributes of domestic livestock breeds into sustainable systems for grassland biodiversity and wider countryside benefit
FORBIOBEN - (QLRT-1999-30130)
The purpose of this project is to identify sustainable grazing management practices for maintaining and enhancing biodiverse grasslands. The effects of the management system (targeted at production or at biodiversity) and animal breed (commercial or rustic) on the botanical, structural and invertebrate biodiversity will be quantified and the socio-economic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, GRASSLAND, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, PLANT EXTRACTS
Improving germplasm conservating methods for perennial European forage species
ICONFORS - (QLRT-1999-30621)
There is an urgent need to regenerate seed stocks of conserved germplasm of European forage grasses and legumes, but a lack of knowledge has prevented development of an agreed economically and genetically effective protocol. This project will obtain the knowledge required and will use it to establish such a protocol. Using a multidisciplinary approach ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, ARABLE CROPS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Improved use of germplasm collections with the aid of novel methodologies for integration, analysis and presentation of genetic datasets
GENE-MINE - (QLRT-1999-30722)
Gene banks have been documenting enormous amounts of genetic material. In the near future, new genetic information will be generated when large collections are fingerprinted for numerous molecular markers to get a detailed description of the diversity at the molecular level. This explosion of data will pose serious problems on data access and analysis ... More (full abstract).
 
Implementing tree models as forest management tools
ITM - (QLRT-1999-31349)
In Europe, there is a strong movement towards the management of uneven-aged mixed forests. This is based on the idea that uneven-aged, mixed-species stands increase, or at least maintain, soil fertility, increase biodiversity and improve stand resilience. The shift from even-aged forest management renders existing yield tables increasingly unreliable. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Analysis and exploitation of germplasm resources using transposable element molecular markers
TEGERM - (QLRT-1999-31502)
The European Union is facing the challenge of improving the genetic diversity in European agriculture to enable it to respond to the demands of the next century. There is a wealth of genetic resources in European gene banks and the main obstacle to exploiting this biodiversity to the benefit of European agriculture is the difficulty in identifying ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, HORTICULTURE, GENOMICS
Definition of a common European analytical framework for the development of local agri-environmental programmes for biodiversity and landscape conservation
AEMBAC - (QLRT-1999-31666)
European agriculture is very diverse from an ecological and a socio-economic point of view. This project will identify the performances of different agricultural systems in relation to the conservation of biodiversity and landscape in seven countries through the identification and assessment of agricultural impacts over the ecosystems' environmental ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Genetic diversity of wild crop relatives: Exploitation and efficiency of ex situ conservation of natural resources of wild lactuca species
LacNatRes - (QLRT-1999-31680)
Genetic resources of wild relatives are becoming increasingly important for crop improvement. Currently, there is an urgent need to optimise the access of the natural occurring genetic diversity to end-users for exploitation, and to improve the efficiency of managing wild crop relatives in ex situ collections. This project will focus on lettuce and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE
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